Benjamin Harrison V
|Benjamin Harrison V|
|5th Governor of Virginia|
December 1, 1781 – December 1, 1784
|Preceded by||Thomas Nelson, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Henry|
April 5, 1726|
Charles City County, Virginia
|Died||April 24, 1791
Charles City County, Virginia
Benjamin Harrison V (April 5, 1726 – April 24, 1791) was an American planter and revolutionary leader from Charles City County, Virginia. He earned his higher education at the College of William and Mary, and he was perhaps the first figure in the Harrison family to gain national attention. Harrison was a representative for Surry County, Virginia, (1756–1758) and Charles City County (1766–1776) to the House of Burgesses. He was a Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1777 and, during the Second Continental Congress, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
John Adams in his diary recalled Harrison as having said that he was so eager to participate in the Continental Congress "he would have come on foot." Adams also commented that "Harrison's contributions and many pleasantries steadied rough sessions." Harrison served frequently as Chairman of the Committee of the Whole in the Continental Congress, presided over the final debates on an independence resolution offered by Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee, and presided as well over the final debates and amendments to the Declaration itself.
On June 28, 1776, Jefferson's draft including initial alterations of a Declaration of Independence was reported to Congress by the Committee of Five charged with the initial drafting; Congress then "laid it on the table". The Congress resolved on July 1 that the Declaration be considered by Harrison's Committee of the Whole. Having further amended the Declaration on July 2 and 3, the Committee adopted the Declaration in final form on Thursday, July 4; Harrison duly reported this to the Congress, and delivered to Congress a final reading of the Declaration. The Declaration was then unanimously agreed upon and Congress resolved to have the Declaration engrossed and signed by those present, which signing took place on August 2, 1776.
Harrison was also a member of the Committee of Secret Correspondence for the Congress, and was Chairman of the Board of War during the Revolution. He, along with a number of other delegates, went to Cambridge with George Washington to plan the future of the American army. During the war, American turncoat Benedict Arnold raided Harrison's Berkeley Plantation, burning the Harrison family portraits and antiques, and a large portion of the Plantation itself. Benjamin and his family escaped just before the raid, and were repaid for the damages after the British were defeated at Yorktown.
Harrison served as the fifth Governor of Virginia from 1781 to 1784. He then again ran for the state legislature, but he was defeated by John Tyler, Sr., the father of the future president John Tyler. Harrison was elected from a neighboring district, however, and he served (including as speaker of the House when it adopted the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom) until his death.
In 1788, Harrison was a member of the Virginia convention which ratified the Federal Constitution, though he, along with Patrick Henry and other men of prominence, opposed it—largely because of the absence of a bill of rights.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
Ironically, John Tyler, son of the man who had once defeated him for office, would serve as his son's Vice President. Harrison's grandson was the Congressman John Scott Harrison. His great-great-great-grandson was the Congressman William H. Harrison of Wyoming (1896–1990).
Besides William Henry, their youngest child, Benjamin and his wife Elizabeth had six other children; Elizabeth, Anna, Benjamin VI, Lucy, Carter, and Sarah. Harrison's brother-in-law was the Speaker of the House of Burgesses, Peyton Randolph, who was the first cousin once removed of Thomas Jefferson. Harrison's brother-in-law, Burwell Bassett, was married to the sister of Martha Washington.
Harrison County, West Virginia was formed in 1784 and named in Governor Harrison's honor. Reportedly no contemporary portrait of Benjamin Harrison "The Signer" survives; the figure labeled as "Benjamin Harrison" in John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence is actually based on his son Benjamin Harrison.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
- Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, Ed. Lyman H. Butterfied (4 vols, Cambridge, Mass., 1961)
- Journals of the Continental Congress,1774–1789, Vol. 5, pp. 504–516 ( Library of Congress, 1904–1937)
- Commonwealth of Va. Independence Bicentennial Commission. Smith, Howard W., "Benjamin Harrison and the American Revolution", 1978
- Hooker, Mary G., "All Our Yesterdays", 1998
- "Harrison, Benjamin (patriot)". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- Benjamin Harrison V at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography by Rev. Charles A. Goodrich, 1856
- Benjamin Harrison V at Find a Grave
- Texts on Wikisource:
- Archival Records
- A Guide to the Executive Papers of Governor Thomas Nelson, Jr., 1781 June 12-November 22 at The Library of Virginia
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
|Governor of Virginia