|Born||February 28, 1795
|Died||December 29, 1865
Washington & Jefferson College
|President, Susquehanna University
Founder, Susquehanna University
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Benjamin Kurtz (February 28, 1795 – December 29, 1865) was a German-American Lutheran pastor and theologian. He was part of the revivalist movement of the Lutheran Church in the 19th century, ran the Lutheran faith based newspaper Lutheran Observer, founded the Lutheran faith based Missionary Institute (Susquehanna University) in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, and assisted in the founding of the Gettysburg Seminary.
Benjamin Kurtz was born February 28, 1795 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His family came from a line of German Lutheran ministers and religious affiliates. His uncle, Dr. John Daniel Kurtz, one of the founders of the General Synod, studied under Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, founder of Muhlenberg College, and served as a minister in York, Pennsylvania and Baltimore, Maryland. His grandfather, Dr. John Nicholas Kurtz, a clergyman from Lutzelinden, Nassau-Weilburg, Germany and a graduate from the University of Halle, arrived in Pennsylvania in January 15, 1745 and served as a minister in Tulpehocken, Pennsylvania and York, Pennsylvania.
He began his studies in Harrisburg Academy, where he, by the age of fifteen, would became an assistant teacher. At the age of eighteen, Kurtz began studying theology at Lebanon, Pennsylvania and two years was licensed to preach. At this time, in 1815, he became an assistant preacher to his uncle, John Daniel Kurtz, then a pastor at Baltimore. That same year, he became a pastor at Hagerstown, Maryland, where he remained for sixteen years. In 1831, he moved to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania to lead a ministry, where he would remain for another three years. In 1833, Kurtz retired from active ministry duties and took charge of the Lutheran Observer, a post which he held for nearly thirty years. In 1838 he received the degree of D. D. from Washington College in Washington, Pennsylvania (now Washington & Jefferson College), and in 1858 that of LL. D. from Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio.
Kurtz was regarded as one of the most eloquent men of his time. He was a zealous advocate of revivals, and had very little sympathy with the confessional writings of the Lutheran church. For this, Wilhelm Sihler of the Missouri Synod criticized Kurtz, terming him "apostate," and asserting that Kurtz and other like-minded leaders of the General Synod were "open counterfeiters, Calvinists, Methodists, and Unionists...traitors and destroyers of the Lutheran Church".
Kurtz was one of the founders of the General Synod and of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, and was for more than thirty years one of the trustees of Pennsylvania College and of the board of directors of the seminary. He was also the founder of Missionary Institute (now Susquehanna University) at Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. During his two European tours, in 1825 and 1846, he contributed interesting incidents and reminiscences to the Lutheran Intelligencer and to the Lutheran Observer, of which he was editor at the time (1833–62).
A General Synod leader, he was twice its president. He collaborated in Samuel S. Schmuckers' (q.v., Vol. X) Definite Synodical Platform, and championed doctrinal positions differing from the Lutheran Confessions. He was also a prominent Lutheran publisher, publishing religious topics regarding faith and religious child rearing.
Benjamin Kurtz founded the Missionary Institute in 1858, and led the institution as its first president from 1858 to 1865, during which he was also the first professor of the Theology Department. In 1895, the Missionary Institute merged its sister college, Susquehanna Female College, to form Susquehanna University.
Among his publications were:
- First Principles of Religion for Children (Hagerstown, 1821)
- Sermons on Sabbath-Schools (1822)
- Faith, Hope, and Charity (1823)
- Infant Baptism and Affusion, with Essays on Related Subjects (Baltimore, 1840)
- Theological Sketch-Book, or Skeletons of Sermons, Carefully arranged in Systematic Order, partly original, partly selected (2 vols., 1844)
- Why are You a Lutheran? (1847)
- Lutheran Prayer-Book (1856)
- Bente, F. American Lutheranism, Volume I St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House. 1919, 116.
- Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
- Housley, Donald (2007). Susquehanna University 1858-2000: A Goodly Heritage. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-57591-112-0. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1892). "Kurtz, John Nicholas". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. Benjamin Kurtz is the subject of most of this article, nominally on his grandfather.