Benjamin Moore (bishop)

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Benjamin Moore
BishopBenjMoore.PNG
The Right Reverend Benjamin Moore
Acting President of Columbia University
In office
1775–1776
Preceded by Myles Cooper
Succeeded by George Clinton (acting)
President of Columbia University
In office
1801–1810
Preceded by Charles Henry Wharton
Succeeded by William Harris
Personal details
Born (1748-10-05)October 5, 1748
Newtown, New York
Died February 27, 1816(1816-02-27) (aged 67)
Greenwich Village, New York
Signature

Benjamin Moore (October 5, 1748 – February 27, 1816) was the second Episcopal bishop of New York.

Early life and family[edit]

Moore was born in Newtown, New York, in 1748, the son of Samuel Moore and Sarah Fish Moore and the great-grandson of John Moore, the first Independent minister allowed in New England.[1] He attended King's College (now Columbia University), graduating in 1768 with a degree of A.B..[2] Moore returned to King's College for a master's degree in 1771.[1] He traveled to England and was ordained deacon by Bishop Richard Terrick in Fulham Palace on June 24, 1774.[1] He was advanced to the priesthood the next day.[2]

Ministry[edit]

On returning to America in 1775, Moore was made assistant rector at Trinity Church in New York City.[3] In 1779, he married Charity Clarke, with whom he had one child, Clement Clarke Moore. While at Trinity Church, Moore earned a degree of doctor of sacred theology from his alma mater in 1789.[3]

Moore kept neutral on the political questions surrounding the American Revolution and continued in his duties as assistant rector under Samuel Provoost until 1800 when, Provoost having resigned, Moore was elected rector.[1]

Bishop of New York[edit]

Moore was elected coadjutor bishop of New York in 1801 to assist Provoost, who wished to retire.[3] He was the 9th bishop in the ECUSA, and was consecrated in St. Michael's Church, Trenton, New Jersey by Bishops William White, Thomas John Claggett, and Abraham Jarvis.[4] That same year, Moore was elected President of Columbia College, a position he held for ten years.[4] In 1811, Moore had a stroke and asked for the election of an additional coadjutor bishop to assist him, and John Henry Hobart was elected bishop that year.[1] In 1815, Bishop Provoost died and Moore succeeded to become the second bishop of New York. He died the following year in Greenwich Village, New York and was buried at Trinity Church.

Hamilton-Burr duel[edit]

On 11 July 1804, Moore was summoned to the deathbed of Alexander Hamilton, who had been fatally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr; Hamilton asked to receive holy communion. Moore made two objections: that to participate in a duel was a mortal sin, and that Hamilton, although he was undoubtedly a sincere Christian in his later years, was not an Episcopalian. Moore withdrew, but was persuaded by the urgent pleas of Hamilton's friends to return. On receiving Hamilton's solemn assurance that he repented for his part in the duel, Moore gave him communion.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Brown, 531
  2. ^ a b Perry, 21
  3. ^ a b c Batterson, 66
  4. ^ a b Batterson, 67
  5. ^ Fleming, Thomas Duel- Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr and the future of America Basic Books 1999 pp.328-9

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Myles Cooper
President of King's College
1775 – 1776
Succeeded by
George Clinton
Preceded by
Charles Henry Wharton
President of Columbia College
1801 – 1810
Succeeded by
William Harris
Episcopal Church (USA) titles
Preceded by
Samuel Provoost
2nd Bishop of New York
1815 – 1816
Succeeded by
John Henry Hobart