He was the son of François-Vincent Raspail. Like his father, he was classed extreme-left, and was also exiled to Belgium.
As member of the council for Seine for the republican left, Raspail proposed the law, on 21 May 1880, which made 14 July a national holiday in commemoration of the storming of the Bastille and the Fête de la Fédération. The bill was signed by 64 members, and was adopted by the Assemblée Nationale on 8 June and by the Sénat on 29 June. The bill was promulgated on 6 July 1880. He also proposed the law to seize the crown jewels from the monarchy, which was passed on 11 January 1887.
He lost a leg, which had to be amputated following a chase in Épinay by a stone-throwing mob.
Upon his death, he bequeathed his estate in Cachan to become a retirement home for people with work-related disabilities, and also a museum which would house his father's political documents, his personal collection of paintings, which included his own.
- 1876–1877 : Seine
- 1877–1881 : Seine
- 1881–1885 : Seine
- 1885–1889 : Seine
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