Benjamin Vulliamy

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Benjamin Vulliamy
Born 1747
London, England
Died 1811
Occupation Clockmaker
Spouse(s) Mary Gray Vulliamy
Children Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy

Benjamin Vulliamy (1747–1811), was a clockmaker responsible for building the Regulator Clock, which, between 1780 and 1884, was the official regulator of time in London.[1]

Biography[edit]

Benjamin Vulliamy was the son of Justin Vulliamy, a clockmaker of Swiss origin, who moved to London around 1730. Justin became an associate of Benjamin Gray, a watchmaker established in Pall Mall, and married Mary, a daughter of the same, with whom he had Benjamin.[1] Justin succeeded his father-in-law in the charge of the business and from 1780, his son Benjamin entered the society (Vulliamy & Son). Father and son worked together until the death of Justin, on 1 December 1797.[2]

A Vulliamy clock combined with Derby Porcelain now in Derby Museum

From an early age, Vulliamy had shown interest in pursuing his father's career. As an adult, he began to earn a reputation as a builder of mantel clocks, decorative timepieces that adorned the halls of high society (nowadays, some can be found at the Derby Museum and Art Gallery).[3] His talent earned him a Royal Appointment in 1773, through which he came to receive an endowment of £150 a year as George III's King's Clockmaker (there was a similar distinction, Royal Watchmaker, then held by George Lindsay). The king, an enthusiast for watches and mechanical devices, was patron of Justin Vulliamy, but only Benjamin received this significant honour.[4]

Around 1780, Vulliamy was commissioned to build the Regulator Clock, the main timekeeper of the King's Observatory Kew, which served as Prime Meridian and was responsible for the official London time until 1884, when the Greenwich Royal Observatory assumed both roles.[1]

In 1780 Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy was born; he was the last Vulliamy to dedicate himself to the family clockmaking business. None of his descendants took up the job, although his son, Lewis, was a noted architect.

The Vulliamy clocks[edit]

Vulliamy clocks were of considerable value and represented the climax of technology at the time. A Vulliamy clock was presented to the Chinese emperor by the diplomatic mission of George Macartney to Beijing in 1793.[5] Vulliamy clocks were combined with fine porcelain figures to create artefacts that combined both science and art. The overall design was made by Vulliamy but he employed prize-winning sculptors such as John Deare[6] to create the figures that were influenced by contemporary French designs. The Vulliamy family used Crown Derby to make the figures from porcelain designs. One of Vulliamy's assistants, Jacques Planche, was a brother of Andrew Planche who had been involved in the early Derby Porcelain business.[7] The Vulliamy business also subcontracted much of the clocks' manufacture to other skilled artisans, and Vulliamy would only oversee and create the final adjustments before sale.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Arcadian Times (ed.). "Kew Time". Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  2. ^ Montpellier Clocks (ed.). "Vulliamy, London. No. 220". Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  3. ^ Antique-Marks (ed.). "The astronomy clock by Benjamin Vullliamy". Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  4. ^ Derby City Council, ed. (2009). "Vulliamy Mantle Clock". Retrieved 2011-05-21. 
  5. ^ William Proudfoot, Biographical Memoir of James Dinwiddie: Embracing Some Account of His Travels in China and Residence in India (Liverpool: Edward Howell, 1868), 45.
  6. ^ a b Royal Crown Derby Gallery, Antique Marks.com, accessed May 2011
  7. ^ Tessa Murdoch, « La contribution des Huguenots au goût pour la porcelaine et à sa fabrication en Angleterre », dans Sèvres (revue de la Société des Amis du musée national de Céramique), n° 15, 2006, p. 45-46.

External links[edit]