Benjamin Wright Raymond

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Benjamin Wright Raymond
BWRaymond.jpg
3rd Mayor of Chicago
In office
1839–1840
Preceded by Buckner Stith Morris
Succeeded by Alexander Loyd
6th Mayor of Chicago
In office
1842–1843
Preceded by Francis Cornwall Sherman
Succeeded by Augustus Garrett
Personal details
Born (1801-06-15)June 15, 1801
Rome, New York
Died April 6, 1883(1883-04-06) (aged 81)
Chicago, Illinois
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Amelia Porter
Children George Lansing Raymond
Residence Chicago, Illinois
Religion Presbyterian

Benjamin Wright Raymond (June 15, 1801 – April 6, 1883[1]) was an American politician who twice served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1839–1840, 1842–1843) for the Whig Party.

Early life[edit]

Raymond was born in Rome, New York to Benjamin and Hannah Raymond, taking his middle name from his mother's maiden name.[2] Raymond was educated at St. Lawrence Academy in Potsdam, New York as well as in Montreal, Canada. He returned to East Bloomfield, New York and worked as a merchant before deciding to try his luck in real estate in Chicago in 1836 with the backing of his friend, Simon Newton Dexter.[2] In 1835, he married Amelia Porter, the step-daughter of Judge Josiah Porter of East Bloomfield.

In Chicago[edit]

Raymond was twice elected mayor of Chicago. In 1839, he was elected the city's third mayor, defeating James Curtiss.[3] He ran for reelection the following year, losing to Alexander Loyd.[4] In 1842, he was elected to a second term as Chicago's sixth mayor, defeating the incumbent, Francis Cornwall Sherman.[5] At the time, mayoral terms were one year.

During his terms as mayor, Raymond ensured that State Street would be a wide thoroughfare.[6] During his first year in office, he secured the site of Fort Dearborn for the city of Chicago when it was sold by the federal government.[2]

Post Chicago[edit]

In 1843, after finishing his second term as Mayor, Raymond and Dexter built the first woolen factory in Illinois, in Elgin, Illinois. Raymond also served as the president of the Fox River Railroad, which connected Elgin to Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. In the 1950s, he was instrumental in securing the charter for Lake Forest University and building the city of Lake Forest, Illinois.[2]

In 1864, approached by J.C. Adams of the Waltham Watch Company, Raymond agreed to put up the money to start a watch company in the Midwest. The men elected to build the company in Elgin, Illinois, which donated 35 acres (140,000 m2) of land to the entrepreneurs. The building was completed in 1866 and housed the Elgin Watch Company. The first model the company made was named the B.W. Raymond.

Raymond is buried in Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Obituary," Chicago Daily Tribune, April 6, 1883.
  2. ^ a b c d The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography XII. New York: James T. White & Co. 1904. p. 449. 
  3. ^ Walker, Thomas (11-04-2008). "Chicago Mayor 1839". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 06-05-2012.  Check date values in: |date=, |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ Walker, Thomas (11-04-2008). "Chicago Mayor 1840". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 06-05-2012.  Check date values in: |date=, |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Walker, Thomas (11-04-2008). "Chicago Mayor 1842". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 06-05-2012.  Check date values in: |date=, |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ Gale, Edwin O. (1902). Reminiscences of Early Chicago and Vicinity. Chicago: Revell. p. 384. 

External links[edit]