|Born||Benjamin Obadiah Iqbal Zephaniah
15 April 1958
Handsworth, Birmingham, England
|Occupation||Poet, playwright, author|
|Genre||Poetry, teen fiction|
|Literary movement||Rastafari movement|
|Spouse||Amina (m. 1990 divorced 2001)|
Benjamin Obadiah Iqbal Zephaniah (born 15 April 1958, Birmingham, England) is an English writer, dub poet and Rastafari. He was included in The Times list of Britain's top 50 post-war writers in 2008.
Life and Work
Zephaniah was born and raised in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, which he called the "Jamaican capital of Europe". He is the son of a Barbadian postman and a Jamaican nurse. A dyslexic, he attended an approved school but left aged 13 unable to read or write.
He writes that his poetry is strongly influenced by the music and poetry of Jamaica and what he calls "street politics". His first performance was in church when he was eleven, and by the age of fifteen, his poetry was already known among Handsworth's Afro-Caribbean and Asian communities. He received a criminal record with the police as a young man and served a prison sentence for burglary. Tired of the limitations of being a black poet communicating with black people only, he decided to expand his audience, and headed to London at the age of twenty-two.
He became actively involved in a workers co-operative in Stratford, London, which led to the publication of his first book of poetry, Pen Rhythm (Page One Books, 1980). Three editions were published. Zephaniah has said that his mission is to fight the dead image of poetry in academia, and to "take [it] everywhere" to people who do not read books so he turned poetry readings into concert-like performances.
His second collection of poetry, The Dread Affair: Collected Poems (1985), contained a number of poems attacking the British legal system. Rasta Time in Palestine (1990), an account of a visit to the Palestinian occupied territories, contained poetry and travelogue.
His 1982 album Rasta, which featured The Wailers' first recording since the death of Bob Marley as well as a tribute to Nelson Mandela, gained him international prestige and topped the Yugoslavian pop charts. It was because of this recording that he was introduced to the political prisoner and soon-to-be South African president Nelson Mandela, and in 1996, Mandela requested that Zephaniah host the president's Two Nations Concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London. Zephaniah was poet in residence at the chambers of Michael Mansfield QC, and sat in on the inquiry into Bloody Sunday and other cases, these experiences leading to his Too Black, Too Strong poetry collection (2001). We Are Britain! (2002) is a collection of poems celebrating cultural diversity in Britain.
Zephaniah's first book of poetry for children, called Talking Turkeys, was reprinted after six weeks. In 1999 he wrote a novel for teenagers, Face, the first of four novels to date.
He was married for twelve years to Amina, a theatre administrator, whom he divorced in 2001.
Zephaniah is an honorary patron of The Vegan Society, Viva! (Vegetarians International Voice for Animals), EVOLVE! Campaigns, the anti-racism organisation Newham Monitoring Project with whom he made a video in 2012 about the impact of Olympic policing on black communities, Tower Hamlets Summer University and is an animal rights advocate. In 2004 he wrote the foreword to Keith Mann's book From Dusk 'til Dawn: An insider's view of the growth of the Animal Liberation Movement, a book about the Animal Liberation Front. In August 2007, he announced that he would be launching the Animal Liberation Project, alongside People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. He became a vegan when he read poems about "shimmering fish floating in an underwater paradise, and birds flying free in the clear blue sky".
The poet joined Amnesty International in speaking out against homophobia in Jamaica, saying: "For many years Jamaica was associated with freedom fighters and liberators, so it hurts when I see that the home of my parents is now associated with the persecution of people because of their sexual orientation."
Zephaniah appeared in literature to support changing the British electoral system from first-past-the-post to alternative vote for electing members of parliament to the House of Commons in the Alternative Vote referendum in 2011.
In 2003, Zephaniah was offered appointment as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, but publicly rejected it. In a subsequent article for The Guardian he elaborated upon his reaction to learning about being considered for the award and his reasons for rejecting it: "Me? I thought, OBE me? Up yours, I thought. I get angry when I hear that word 'empire'; it reminds me of slavery, it reminds of thousands of years of brutality, it reminds me of how my foremothers were raped and my forefathers brutalised...Benjamin Zephaniah OBE – no way Mr Blair, no way Mrs Queen. I am profoundly anti-empire."
Zephaniah won the BBC Young Playwright's Award. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by the University of North London (in 1998), the University of Central England (in 1999), Staffordshire University (in 2001), London South Bank University (in 2003), the University of Exeter and the University of Westminster (in 2006). On 17 July 2008 Zephaniah received an honorary doctorate from the University of Birmingham. He was listed at 48 in The Times' list of 50 greatest postwar writers.
He has released several albums of original music. He was awarded Best Original Song in the Hancocks 2008, Talkawhile Awards for Folk Music (as voted by members of Talkawhile.co.uk) for his version of Tam Lyn Retold recorded with The Imagined Village. He collected the Award live at The Cambridge Folk Festival on 2 August 2008 and described himself as a "Rasta Folkie".
- Pen Rhythm (1980)
- The Dread Affair: Collected Poems (1985) Arena
- City Psalms (1992) Bloodaxe Books
- Inna Liverpool (1992) AK Press
- Talking Turkeys (1995) Puffin Books
- Propa Propaganda (1996) Bloodaxe Books
- Funky Chickens (1997) Puffin
- School's Out: Poems Not for School (1997) AK Press
- Funky Turkeys (Audiobook) (1999) AB hntj
- White Comedy (Unknown)
- Wicked World! (2000) Puffin
- Too Black, Too Strong (2001) Bloodaxe Books
- The Little Book of Vegan Poems (2001) AK Press
- Reggae Head (Audiobook) 57 Productions
- Face (1999) Bloomsbury (published in children's and adult editions)
- Refugee Boy (2001) Bloomsbury
- Gangsta Rap (2004) Bloomsbury
- Teacher's Dead (2007) Bloomsbury
- We are Britain (2002) Frances Lincoln
- Primary Rhyming Dictionary (2004) Chambers Harrap
- J is for Jamaica (2006) Frances Lincoln
- My Story (2011), Collins
- When I Grow Up (2011), Frances Lincoln
- Kung Fu Trip (2011), Bloomsbury
- Playing the Right Tune (1985)
- Job Rocking (1987). Published in Black Plays: 2, ed. Yvonne Brewster, Methuen Drama, 1989.
- Delirium (1987)
- Streetwise (1990)
- Mickey Tekka (1991)
- Listen to Your Parents (included in Theatre Centre: Plays for Young People – Celebrating 50 Years of Theatre Centre (2003) Aurora Metro, also published by Longman, 2007)
- Face: The Play (with Richard Conlon)
- Didn't You Kill My Brother? (1987) – Rufus
- Farendj (1989) – Moses
- Dread Poets' Society (1992) (Andy Wilson)
- Truth or Dairy (1994) – The Vegan Society (UK)
- Crucial Tales (1996) – Richard's father
- Making the Connection (2010) – Environment Films / The Vegan Society (UK)
- Peaky Blinders (2013)
- Rasta (1982) Upright (reissued 1989) Workers Playtime (UK Indie #22)
- Us An Dem (1990) Island
- Back to Roots (1995) Acid Jazz
- Belly of De Beast (1996) Ariwa
- Naked (2005) One Little Indian
- Naked & Mixed-Up (2006) One Little Indian (Benjamin Zephaniah Vs. Rodney-P)
- Dub Ranting EP (1982) Radical Wallpaper
- "Big Boys Don't Make Girls Cry" 12-inch single (1984) Upright
- "Free South Africa" (1986)
- "Crisis" 12-inch single (1992) Workers Playtime
- "Empire" (1995) Bomb the Bass with Zephaniah & Sinéad O'Connor
- Heading for the Door by Back to Base (2000) MPR Records
- Open Wide (2004) Dubioza kolektiv (C) & (P) Gramofon
- Rebel by Toddla T (2009) 1965 Records
- "Illegal" (2000) from "Himawari" by Swayzak
- "Theatricks" by Kinobe(2000)
- Gregory, Andy (2002), International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002, Europa, p. 562. ISBN 1-85743-161-8.
- Benjamin Zephaniah, The 50 greatest postwar writers: 48 TimesOnline UK
- "Benjamin Zephaniah", British Council, retrieved 13 April 2008.
- "Biography", BenjaminZephaniah.com, retrieved 13 April 2008.
- Kellaway, Kate (2001) "Dread poet's society", The Guardian, 4 November 2001.
- Larkin, Colin (1998), The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae, Virgin Books, ISBN 0-7535-0242-9
- "ARTICLE: Interview with Raw Edge Magazine: Benjamin talks about how life in prison helped change his future as a poet.", Raw Edge magazine, issue 5, Autumn/Winter 1997.
- The Brighton Magazine.
- Lynn Barber interviews Benjamin Zephaniah, The Observer, 18 January 2009.
- Independent Arts and Books, 19 June 2009.
- "A Poet Called Benjamin Zephaniah". Benjaminzephaniah.com. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Honorary Patrons". Vegansociety.com. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Vegetarians International Voice for Animals". Viva!. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Evolve Campaigns". EVOLVE! Campaigns. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Benjamin Zephaniah – Put the Number in Your Phone". Newham Monitoring Project. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Arkangel for Animal Liberation :: Online News Magazine[dead link]
- "Jamaica: Benjamin Zephaniah calls on Jamaicans everywhere to stand up against homophobia". Amnesty International. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "Statement of Principles". Republic. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Benjamin Zephaniah 'airbrushed from Yes to AV leaflets'". BBC News. 3 April 2011.
- Has Snoop Dogg seen the Rastafari light, or is this just a midlife crisis?
- Merope Mills, "Rasta poet publicly rejects his OBE", the Guardian, 27 November 2003; accessed 7 June 2012.
- Zephaniah, Benjamin. "'Me? I thought, OBE me? Up yours, I thought'", The Guardian, 27 November 2003.
- "Recipients of Honorary Awards". Staffordshire University. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Collins, Tony (2008) "University honour for Doug Eliis",Birmingham Mail, 11 July 2008
- Perry, Kevin (7 March 2006). "Benjamin Zephaniah interview about Naked". London: The Beaver. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- "TalkAwhile UK Acoustic music forum". Talkawhile.co.uk. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Best Original Song". Talkawhile.co.uk. 3 August 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Lazell, Barry (1997) Indie Hits 1980–1989, Cherry Red Books, ISBN 0-9517206-9-4
- Official site
- Merope Mills, "Rasta poet publicly rejects his OBE", The Guardian, 27 November 2003.
- Benjamin Zephaniah – from The Black Presence in Britain
- Benjamin Zephaniah on Poetry, Politics and Revolution – video report by Democracy Now!
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