King's Fianchetto Opening
The King's Fianchetto Opening (also known as Benko's Opening, the Hungarian Opening, the Barcza Opening, and the Bilek Opening), is a chess opening characterized by the move:
- 1. g3
White's 1.g3 ranks as the fifth most popular opening move, but it is far less popular than 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3. It is usually followed by 2.Bg2, fianchettoing the bishop. Usually the game will transpose to another opening such as the Catalan Opening, King's Indian Attack or some variation of the English Opening. For this reason, the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has no specific code devoted to 1.g3. The move itself is classified under A00, however the numerous transpositional possibilities can result in various ECO codes.
The hypermodern player Richard Reti played 1.g3 several times at Baden-Baden in 1925, with mixed results; prior to this it was played only sporadically. 1.g3 received renewed attention after Pal Benko used it to defeat Bobby Fischer and Mikhail Tal in the 1962 Candidates Tournament in Curaçao, part of the 1963 World Championship cycle. Benko used the opening the first eleven times he was White in the tournament.
|This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
The following lines are examples of the kinds of positions which can develop from the King's Fianchetto opening. Move order is flexible in each case.
King's Indian Attack
1.g3 g6 2.Bg2 Bg7 3.c4 e5 4.Nc3 d6 5.d3 f5 6.e4 Nf6 7.Nge2 Nc6 8.O-O O-O 9.Nd5 - English Opening, Botvinnik System (ECO A26)
|The Wikibook Chess Opening Theory has a page on the topic of: Benko's Opening|