Bennett Lewis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wilfrid Bennett Lewis
Born (1908-06-24)June 24, 1908
Castle Carrock, Cumberland, England
Died January 10, 1987(1987-01-10) (aged 78)
Deep River, Ontario
Notable awards Order of Canada
Order of the British Empire
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]

Wilfrid Bennett Lewis, CC CBE FRSC FRS (June 24, 1908 – January 10, 1987) was a Canadian nuclear scientist and administrator, and was centrally involved in the development of the CANDU reactor.

Born in Castle Carrock, Cumberland, England, he earned a doctorate in physics at Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge in 1934, and continued his research in nuclear physics there until 1939. From 1939 until 1946, he was with the Air Ministry, becoming Chief Superintendent of the Telecommunications Research Establishment. In 1946, he moved to Canada, to become director of the division of Atomic Energy Research at the National Research Council of Canada in Chalk River, Ontario. From 1952 until 1963, he was Vice President, Research and Development of the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, and was Senior Vice President, Science from 1963 until 1973.

Starting in the mid-1940s, Lewis directed the development and championed the CANDU system, with its natural uranium fuel moderated by heavy water (deuterium oxide) to control neutron flux. The CANDU has proven its value for commercial power applications, showing outstanding efficiency and safety records. AECL also became a world leader in the production of radioisotopes for medical purposes.

From 1973 until his death in 1987, Lewis was a Distinguished Professor of Science at Queen's University.

From 1955 until 1987, he was the Canadian Representative on the United Nations Scientific Advisory Committee.

In 1994 a biography of Lewis entitled Nuclear Pursuits was published Ruth Fawcett.[2]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lovell, B.; Hurst, D. G. (1988). "Wilfrid Bennett Lewis. 24 June 1908-10 January 1987". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 34: 452. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1988.0016.  edit
  2. ^ Fawcett, Ruth (1994). Nuclear pursuits: the scientific biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-7735-1186-5. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Canada and the Atomic Revolution, by D.M. LeBourdais, Toronto, McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1959.
  • Canada's Nuclear Story, by Wilfrid Eggleston, Toronto, Clarke, Irwin & Company, 1965.
  • Science and Politics in Canada, by G. Bruce Doern, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1972.
  • Canadian Nuclear Policies, edited by G. Bruce Doern and Robert W. Morrison, Montreal, The Institute for Research on Public Policy, 1980, ISBN 0-920380-25-5.
  • Nucleus: The History of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, by Robert Bothwell, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1988, ISBN 0-8020-2670-2.
  • Nuclear Pursuits: The Scientific Biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis, by Ruth Fawcett, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994.
  • Canada Enters the Nuclear Age: A Technical History of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, project coordination by Eugene Critoph, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-7735-1601-8.
  • Isotopes and Innovation: MDS Nordion's First Fifty Years, 1946-1996, by Paul Litt, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-7735-2082-1.
  • Canadian Nuclear Energy Policy: Changing Ideas, Institutions, and Interests, edited by G. Bruce Doern, Arslan Dorman, and Robert W. Morrison, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8020-4788-2.
  • Risky Business: Nuclear Power and Public Protest in Canada, by Michael D. Mehta, Lanham, Maryland, USA, Lexington Books, 2005, ISBN 0-7391-0910-3.
  • The Politics of CANDU Exports, by Duane Bratt, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2006, ISBN 0-8020-9091-5.
  • "Wilfrid Bennett Lewis". Canadian Nuclear Society. Archived from the original on February 14, 2005. Retrieved April 17, 2005.