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Martin fought in the German Imperial Army in the First World War in which he was awarded Iron Cross first and second class. After Germany's defeat, he joined the Freikorps in 1919. He obtained his Juris doctorate after the war and then joined the police department in Nuremberg in 1923, rising through the ranks to chief of police in Nuremberg. He was indicted and tried for complicity in the deportation of Franconian Jews to Auschwitz but was acquitted of the charges.
^Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945? ("The Encyclopedia of People in the Third Reich. Who was What before and after 1945?") by Ernst Klee Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer, 2003; 2nd edition. 2005, 732 pages, ISBN 3-596-16048-0.
^The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin from the Interrogations of Otto Guensche and Heinze Linge, Hitler's Closest Personal Aides by Henrik Eberle, Matthias Uhl p.316