Benny Paret

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Benny Paret
Statistics
Real name Bernardo Paret
Nickname(s) the Kid
Rated at Welterweight
Nationality Cuban
Born (1937-03-14)March 14, 1937
Santa Clara, Cuba
Died April 3, 1962(1962-04-03) (aged 25)
Manhattan, New York City, New York
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights 50
Wins 35
Wins by KO 10
Losses 12
Draws 3

Benny "the Kid" Paret (March 14, 1937 – April 3, 1962), was born as Bernardo Paret in Santa Clara, Cuba. He was a Cuban welterweight boxer who won the world welterweight title twice in the early 1960s. He also vied for the world middleweight championship.

Paret's death was due to injuries sustained in a title defense against Emile Griffith. The fight was televised across the United States and the aftermath caused a major controversy.[1] He had a lifetime record of 35 wins (10 knockouts), 12 losses and 3 draws.[2]

Boxing career[edit]

Paret won the welterweight title for the first time in 1960 by defeating Luis Federico Thompson. In his first defense of the title, Emile Griffith knocked him out in the thirteenth round on April 1, 1961.[3] Paret recaptured the crown on September 30, 1961 in a split-decision over Griffith.[4] Barely two months later, Paret took on middleweight champion Gene Fullmer and was knocked out in the tenth round being behind on all three judges' scorecards.[3]

Last fight[edit]

Although Paret had been battered in the two fights with Griffith and the fight with Fullmer, he decided that he would defend his title against Griffith three months after the Fullmer fight. Paret-Griffith III was booked for Madison Square Garden on March 24, 1962, and was televised live by ABC. In round six Paret nearly knocked out Griffith with a multi punch combination but Griffith was saved by the bell.[5] In the twelfth round of the fight Don Dunphy, who was calling the bout for ABC, remarked, "This will probably be the tamest round of the entire fight." Within several seconds Griffith unleashed a barrage of punches that would end the fight. Griffith backed Paret into a corner and let loose a flurry of twenty-nine consecutive punches, including eighteen thrown in the span of six seconds. [6] Paret slumped into the corner and then through the ring ropes while Griffith continued his onslaught, which came to an end when referee Ruby Goldstein finally stopped the fight as Paret was out on his feet.[7] Paret collapsed in the corner from the barrage of punches (initially thought to be from exhaustion), fell into a coma, and died ten days later at Roosevelt Hospital in Manhattan from a massive brain hemorrhaging.[8][9][5] Benny "Kid" Paret was buried at Saint Raymond's Cemetery in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.

The last fight between Paret and Griffith was the subject of many controversies. It is theorized that one of the reasons Paret died was that he was vulnerable due to the beatings he took in his previous three fights, all of which happened within twelve months of each other. New York State boxing authorities were criticized for giving Paret clearance to fight just several months after the Fullmer fight. The actions of Paret at the weigh in before his final fight have come under scrutiny. It is alleged that Paret taunted Griffith by calling him maricón (Spanish slang for "faggot").[6] Griffith wanted to fight Paret on the spot but was restrained. Allegations of homosexuality in 1962 were considered fatal to an athlete's career and a particularly grievous insult in the culture both fighters came from. The referee Ruby Goldstein, a respected veteran, came under criticism for not stopping the fight sooner. It has been argued that Goldstein hesitated because of Paret’s reputation of feigning injury and Griffith’s reputation as a poor finisher.[5][7] Another theory is that Goldstein was afraid that Paret’s supporters would riot.[7] The incident, combined with the death of Davey Moore a year later for a different injury in the ring, would cause debate as to whether boxing should be considered a sport. Boxing would not be televised on a regular basis again until the 1970s.[10] The fight marked the end of Goldstein's long and respected career as a referee, as he was unable to find work after that. Ironically enough, a criticism of Goldstein that stemmed from early in his career and followed him throughout was that he was regarded as an official who tended to stop fights too early, as opposed to this fight where he was criticized for not stopping the fight in time to save the fallen Paret.[citation needed]

The fight was the centerpiece of a 2005 documentary entitled Ring of Fire: The Emile Griffith Story. At the end of the documentary Griffith who has harbored guilt over the incident over the years is introduced to Paret's son. The son embraced Griffith and told him he was forgiven.[10]

In popular culture[edit]

Paret's death was chronicled in a 1962 protest song by folksinger Gil Turner. The song, "Benny 'Kid' Paret", was published in Broadside magazine that same month and was recorded later in the year by Turner's group, The New World Singers, for the 1963 Folkways album Broadside Ballads, Vol. 1.[11][12]

The emotive poem "Muerte en el Ring" (Death in the Ring) by Afro-Peruvian poet Nicomedes Santa Cruz recounts Paret's life, to the moment of his last breath.[citation needed]

Paret is also one of many boxers named in the lyrics of Sun Kil Moon's album Ghosts Of The Great Highway. The album builds several songs around the stories of boxers who died early deaths.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Benny (Kid) Paret vs. Emile Griffith (3rd meeting)". BoxRec. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  2. ^ "Benny "Kid" Paret: Lest We Forget". Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  3. ^ a b Segundo, Al. "A Sour Memory of the "Sweet Science"". Retrieved 2007-05-21. [dead link]
  4. ^ "The Great Rivalries". Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  5. ^ a b c The Great Rivalries CBS Sports
  6. ^ a b Smith, Gary (April 18, 2005). "The Shadow Boxer". CNN. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  7. ^ a b c Mulvaney, Kieran (May 4, 2006). "Don't believe the hype? How 'bout the slights?". Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  8. ^ Shapiro, Michael (1983-03-23). "PARET TRAGEDY: A SHARED BURDEN". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  9. ^ Goldstein, Richard (2013-07-23). "Emile Griffith, Boxer Who Unleashed a Fatal Barrage, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
  10. ^ a b "Ring of Fire: The Emile Griffith Story". Retrieved 2007-05-22. 
  11. ^ Gil, Turner (Mid-April 1962). "Benny "Kid" Paret". Broadside. p. 5. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  12. ^ "Broadside Ballads, Vol. 1". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  13. ^ "Mark Kozelek". Retrieved 2007-05-22. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Don Jordan
World Welterweight Champion
27 May 1960 – 1 Apr 1961
Succeeded by
Emile Griffith
Preceded by
Emile Griffith
World Welterweight Champion
30 Sep 1961 – 24 Mar 1962
Succeeded by
Emile Griffith