Bergisch Gladbach

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Bergisch Gladbach
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Flag of Bergisch Gladbach
Flag
Coat of arms of Bergisch Gladbach
Coat of arms
Bergisch Gladbach is located in Germany
Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach
Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
Subdivisions 6
Government
 • Mayor Lutz Urbach (CDU)
Area
 • Total 83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)
Elevation 51 - 267 m (−825 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 109,425
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 51401-51469
Dialling codes 02202, 02204, 02207
Vehicle registration GL
Website www.bergischgladbach.de

Bergisch Gladbach (About this sound listen ) is a town in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).

Geography[edit]

Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx. 10 kilometers east of Cologne.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Beginning in the north clockwise the neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Odenthal, Kürten, Overath, Rösrath, Cologne and Leverkusen.

History[edit]

Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.

Old castle and town hall of Bensberg

The word Bergisch in the name does not originate from its location in the earldom of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the earls who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the earls of "Berg" settled in the area and it became the grand duchy of Berg. This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from.

The second part of the name is a lot harder to explain in English, as it originates from Low German (Bergisches Platt). The word "Gladbach" refers to the small river (the Strunde) which was artificially canalised in early medieval times. Basically the river was laid which is gelaat in Bergisch Platt, the regional dialect. During the centuries the word gelaat evolved and was rounded by the people to glad (the German 'd' is pronounced as a 't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word for stream, referring in this case to the Strunde. In short, Gladbach means a canalised stream.

In 1975 the city incorporated the neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it was given municipality status.

Economy[edit]

Paper manufacturing, printing, glass wool manufacturing, and high-tech industries make up a large part of Bergisch Gladbach's economy.

International relations[edit]

Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with:

Country Place County / District / Region / State Date
France France Bourgoin-Jallieu Flag of Rhône-Alpes.svg Rhône-Alpes 1956
United Kingdom United Kingdom Luton Flag of Bedfordshire.svg Bedfordshire 1956
Netherlands Netherlands Velsen Flag North-Holland, Netherlands.svg North Holland 1956
France France Joinville-le-Pont 1960
United Kingdom United Kingdom Runnymede 1965
Lithuania Lithuania Marijampolė 1989
Cyprus Cyprus Limassol 1991
Poland Poland Pszczyna Silesian voivodship, pszczyński county, Pszczyna gmina 1993
State of Palestine Palestine Beit Jala West Bank 2010

Born in Bergisch Gladbach[edit]

Schools in Bergisch Gladbach[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]