Benslimane

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Benslimane
بن سليمان
Benslimane is located in Morocco
Benslimane
Benslimane
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 33°37′N 7°7′W / 33.617°N 7.117°W / 33.617; -7.117
Country  Morocco
Region Chaouia-Ouardigha
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

Benslimane (Arabic: ابن سليمان) is a Moroccan city located in Chaouia-Ouardigha administrative region.

Etymology[edit]

The city is named after the saint Mohammed Benslimane, whose shrine is located 1 km to the south ouest.[1]

History[edit]

The city is the main urban center of the Ziaida, an Arabic-speaking tribe of Sanhaja Berber descent belonging to the larger Chaouia tribal confederacy. It has been a historical Souk for the tribe.[2][3]

The first urban planning of the modern city dates back to 1907, when the French army founded a military camp, called "Camp Boulhaut" with the aim to control the Moroccan countryside. The implementation of the military will be followed by the construction of a residential area for military, forming the core of the city, that will then develop along the road to Bouznika.[3]

A major urban dynamics is driven from 1977, when the province of Benslimane was created, the city bacaming its administrative capital.[3]

Geography[edit]

The city is located 55 km from Casablanca, 60 km from Rabat and 100 km from Khouribga. It has two urban districts oversought by a pachalik.[4]

Demography[edit]

The city is the urban center of several Arabic-speaking tribes mainly of Berber origin :

  • Ziaida (majority) : Berber origin from the Sanhaja composed of Guedamra, from Sidi Guedmiri (Chorfa of Tafilalet), Ghenimvin and Ouled Ben Sliman.
  • Mdakra (minority) : Arab-Berber origin derived from Melilla, a branch of Houara, resulting from Meld and Aurigh, the Ahlaf from Slimane ben ben Nedji Omara, and from Ouled Cebbah from Ouled Akhdar, from Banu Hilal, resulting from Amar, grand-son of Riyah.


According to the 2004 census, the city had a population of 46,478.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The city is divided into several areas such as: Hay Nejma, Hay Farah, Soufal District, Lalla Meryem District, Hay Mohammadi, Jerusalem District, The Oaks District, Gardens District, Karima District, Hay Hassani as well as other administrative and industrial areas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.benslimane.ma/historique.html
  2. ^ Villes et Tribus du Maroc: Casablanca et les Chaouïa (op. cit.), Tome II, pp. 45-70
  3. ^ a b c http://www.benslimane.ma/historique.html
  4. ^ Nadia Dref (9 March 2006). "Dossier de Benslimane : L'aéroport sera ouvert en avril " (partie "Ironie du sort")". L'Économiste (2230). Retrieved 26 January 2012.