Benson-class destroyer

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USS Benson DD-421 01.jpg
USS Benson (DD-421)
Class overview
Name: Benson-class destroyer
Builders: Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation:
Fore River Shipyard,
Union Iron Works,
Staten Island, New York Division,
San Pedro, California Division
Boston Navy Yard
Charleston Navy Yard
Puget Sound Navy Yard
Operators:  United States Navy
Taiwan Republic of China Navy (Taiwan)
Preceded by: Sims class
Succeeded by: Gleaves class
Subclasses: 24 Bristol-class[1]
Built: 1938–43
In commission: 1940–51
Completed: 30
Lost: 4
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1620 tons[1] (2515 tons full load)
Length: 341 ft (103.9 m) waterline,
348 ft 2 in (106.12 m) overall
Beam:   36 ft 1 in (11.00 m)
Draft:   11 ft 9 in (3.58 m) (normal),
  17 ft 9 in (5.41 m) (full load)
Propulsion: four Babcock & Wilcox boilers, General Electric SR geared turbines; two shafts;
50000 shp (37 MW)
Speed: 37.5 knots (69.5 km/h)
33 knots (61.1 km/h) full load
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 15 kt
  (11,000 km at 28 km/h)
Complement: 208 (276 war)
Armament:   5 × 5 in (127 mm) DP guns,
  6 × 0.50 in. (12.7 mm) guns,
10 × 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes,
  2 × depth charge tracks
Notes: authorized in fiscal year 1938[1]
Ship data source.[2]

The Benson class was a class of 30 destroyers of the U.S. Navy built 1939–1943.

It was named after William Shepherd Benson, a graduate of the Naval Academy in 1877. He commanded the USS Albany, USS Missouri, USS Utah, and the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Benson was appointed first Chief of Naval Operations in 1915 and then served as CNO until he retired 25 September 1919. He died in Washington, D.C., 20 May 1932.[3]

The Benson class was designed as an improved version of the Sims class with two stacks and a new machinery arrangement that featured alternating boiler and engine rooms designed to give the ships a better chance at surviving torpedo damage. Their scantlings, or framing dimensions, were increased to carry the weight of the new machinery. This increased the ship's displacement by about sixty tons. The Benson-class destroyer was the backbone of the pre-war Neutrality Patrols and brought the action to the enemy by participating in every major campaign of the war.

Following class[edit]

The Gleaves-class destroyers were built to nearly the same design and were virtually identical to the Benson-class. The only visible difference between Benson and Gleaves was the shape of the stacks (the Bensons were flat-sided).

Losses[edit]

USS Laffey and USS Barton were lost at the Battle of Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942.; the USS Lansdale was lost in a battle in the Mediterranean Sea on 20 April 1944 and the bow section of USS Murphy was cut off in a collision with SS Bulkoil 75 miles (121 km) outside New York, 21 October 1943 and sank. The rest of the ship was saved and was rebuilt and returned to service .[1]

Decorations[edit]

USS Laffey received a Presidential Unit Citation for her role in the Battle of Guadalcanal. USS Bailey received a Navy Unit Commendation for her service in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, 26 March 1943. Also, the USS Hilary P. Jones received a Navy Unit Commendation for her actions in the final operations in the Mediterranean Sea in September 1944.[1]

Ships in class[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Laid down Commission Decommission Fate
Benson DD-421 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 16 May 1938 25 July 1940 18 March 1946 Transferred to Republic of China, 26 February 1954
Mayo DD-422 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 16 May 1938 18 September 1940 18 March 1946 Sold for scrap, 8 May 1972
Madison DD-425 Boston Navy Yard 19 September 1938 6 August 1940 13 March 1946 Sunk as target, 14 October 1969
Lansdale DD-426 Boston Navy Yard 19 December 1938 17 September 1940 Sunk by the Luftwaffe, 20 April 1944
Hilary P. Jones DD-427 Charleston Navy Yard 16 May 1938 6 September 1940 6 February 1947 Loaned to Taiwan, 26 February 1954
Charles F. Hughes DD-428 Puget Sound Naval Shipyard 3 January 1938 6 September 1940 18 March 1946 Sunk as target, 26 March 1969
Laffey DD-459 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 13 January 1941 31 March 1942 Sunk by Hiei, First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 13 November 1942
Woodworth DD-460 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 30 April 1941 30 April 1942
21 November 1950
11 April 1946
14 January 1951
Transferred to Italy, 11 June 1951
Farenholt DD-491 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 11 December 1940 2 April 1942 26 April 1946 Sold for scrap, 22 November 1972
Bailey DD-492 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 29 January 1941 11 May 1942 2 May 1948 Sunk as target, 4 November 1969
Bancroft DD-598 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 1 May 1941 30 April 1942 1 February 1946 Sold for scrap, March 16, 1973
Barton DD-599 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 20 May 1941 29 May 1942 Sunk by Amatsukaze, First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 13 November 1942
Boyle DD-600 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 31 December 1941 15 August 1942 29 March 1946 Sunk as target, 3 May 1973
Champlin DD-601 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 31 January 1942 12 September 1942 31 January 1947 Sold for scrap, 8 May 1972
Meade DD-602 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 25 March 1941 22 June 1942 17 June 1946 Sunk as target, 18 February 1973
Murphy DD-603 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 19 May 1941 23 July 1942 9 March 1946 Bow section sunk in collision with SS Bulkoil 75 miles (121 km) outside New York, 21 October 1943. Ship rebuilt and returned to service.[4] Sold for scrap, 6 October 1972
Parker DD-604 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Staten Island, New York 9 June 1941 31 August 1942 31 January 1947 Sold for scrap, 25 May 1973
Caldwell DD-605 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 24 March 1941 10 June 1942 24 April 1946 Sold for scrap, 4 November 1966
Coghlan DD-606 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 28 March 1941 10 July 1942 31 March 1947 Sold for scrap, 12 June 1974
Frazier DD-607 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 5 July 1941 30 July 1942 15 April 1946 Sold for scrap, 6 October 1972
Gansevoort DD-608 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 16 June 1941 25 August 1942 1 February 1946 Sunk as target, 23 March 1972
Gillespie DD-609 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 16 June 1941 18 September 1942 17 April 1946 Sunk as target, 16 July 1973
Hobby DD-610 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 30 June 1941 18 November 1942 1 February 1946 Sunk as target, 1 June 1972
Kalk DD-611 Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California 30 June 1941 17 October 1942 3 May 1946 Sunk as target, 20 March 1969
Kendrick DD-612 Bethlehem Steel Company, San Pedro, California, Terminal Island 1 May 1941 12 September 1942 31 March 1947 Sunk as target, 2 March 1968
Laub DD-613 Bethlehem Steel Company, San Pedro, California, Terminal Island 1 May 1941 24 October 1942 2 February 1946 Sold for scrap, 14 January 1975
MacKenzie DD-614 Bethlehem Steel Company, San Pedro, California, Terminal Island 29 May 1941 21 November 1942 4 February 1946 Sunk as target, 1 June 1974
McLanahan DD-615 Bethlehem Steel Company, San Pedro, California, Terminal Island 29 May 1941 19 December 1942 2 February 1946 Sold for scrap, 1 June 1974
Nields DD-616 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 15 June 1942 15 January 1943 25 March 1946 Sold for scrap, 8 May 1972
Ordronaux DD-617 Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts 25 July 1942 13 February 1943 27 March 1946 Sold for scrap, 16 March 1973

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Destroyer History - Benson Class
  2. ^ Destroyers - Benson Class
  3. ^ USS Benson History
  4. ^ Quest for Sunken Warships- USS Murphy, 2007, 19 July 2007, Military Channel, 2-3am, MDT.

External links[edit]

Media related to Benson class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons