Benton, California

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Benton
census-designated place
Benton Hot Springs and White Mountains
Benton Hot Springs and White Mountains
Benton is located in California
Benton
Benton
Location in California
Coordinates: 37°49′09″N 118°28′35″W / 37.81917°N 118.47639°W / 37.81917; -118.47639Coordinates: 37°49′09″N 118°28′35″W / 37.81917°N 118.47639°W / 37.81917; -118.47639
Country  United States
State  California
County Mono
Area[1]
 • Total 28.503 sq mi (73.823 km2)
 • Land 28.483 sq mi (73.771 km2)
 • Water 0.020 sq mi (0.052 km2)  0.07%
Elevation[2] 5,387 ft (1,642 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 280
 • Density 9.8/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 93512
Area code(s) 760; 442
GNIS feature IDs 256836; 2582943
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benton, California; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benton, California

Benton (formerly, Benton Station) is a census-designated place[3] in Mono County, California, United States.[2] It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) east-northeast of the community of Benton Hot Springs and 32 miles (51 km) north of the community of Bishop, at an elevation of 5387 feet (1642 m).[2] The population was 280 at the 2010 census, up from 196 reported at 2000 by Mono County.[4]

Benton is in area code 760 (and area code 442 overlay) and ZIP code 93512. It is also known as Benton Hot Springs because of the hot springs it features. Benton was once a small mining town with up to 5,000 inhabitants. Many of the original buildings still remain, but the town has never completely died.[5] The 160 acre (65 hectare) Benton Paiute reservation is in the vicinity with about 50 full-time residents.[6]

History[edit]

Benton is one of the oldest existing towns in Mono County. Benton was originally founded by the western Indians who came to make use of its hot springs. As the nearby towns of Bodie and Aurora grew in size and population, Benton soon became a check-point for travelers on the way south in 1852.[7]

Gold was discovered in the hills of Benton in 1862, and its population quickly grew. After hitting the initial strike of gold, not much more was found, but Benton's profits were soon primarily from silver. Unlike other mining towns, Benton was able to provide enough for the town to thrive and flourish for about fifty years. Although most of the main activity took place between 1862 and 1890, the town and its inhabitants have never completely died out.[7]

The Carson and Colorado Railroad reached the place in 1883, and Benton was a stop.[8]

Location[edit]

Benton lies along U.S. Route 6, outside of Bishop, on the way to remote areas of Nevada. The terrain is described as high desert at an elevation of 5,377 feet (1,639 m) above sea level.[9]

Although Benton is a small town, it is surrounded by other small towns and cities including Mammoth Lakes, Bishop, Death Valley, Lee Vining, June Lake, Tom's Place, Crowley Lake, and Convict Lake.[9]

The Nevada state line is situated about six miles (10 km) northeast of Benton. U.S. Route 6 crosses this border, then climbs over 7,150 ft. (2,180m) Montgomery Pass at the northern end of the White Mountains. Benton has excellent views of 13,141 ft. (4,006m) Boundary Peak, Nevada's highest, and 13,441 ft. (4,097m) Montgomery Peak just inside California.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 28.5 square miles (73.8 km²), 99.93% of it land, and 0.07% of it water.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Benton had a population of 280. The population density was 9.8 people per square mile (3.8/km²). The racial makeup of Benton was 199 (71.1%) White,0 (0.4%) African American, 37 (21.1%) Native American, 1 (0.4%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 15 (5.4%) from other races, and 5 (1.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38 persons (13.6%).

The Census reported that 280 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 122 households, out of which 29 (23.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 59 (48.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 9 (7.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 7 (5.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 14 (11.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 40 households (32.8%) were made up of individuals and 10 (8.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30. There were 75 families (61.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.81.

The population was spread out with 54 people (19.3%) under the age of 18, 10 people (3.6%) aged 18 to 24, 58 people (20.7%) aged 25 to 44, 123 people (43.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 35 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.8 years. For every 100 females there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males.

There were 159 housing units at an average density of 5.6 per square mile (2.2/km²), of which 86 (70.5%) were owner-occupied, and 36 (29.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.6%. 191 people (68.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 89 people (31.8%) lived in rental housing units.

Education[edit]

Benton is in the Eastern Sierra Unified School District.[11] An elementary school, Edna Beaman Elementary, is located in town. There was a high school, but it was closed at the end of the 2011-2012 school year.

Attractions[edit]

The hot springs are one of the major attractions in Benton, as well as fine bed and breakfast rooms and overnight soaking tubs. With the abandonment of travelers' services at nearby Montgomery Pass, Nevada it offers the only lodging, restaurant and gas station services within a 30 mile (50 km) radius. There are several old mines in the surrounding hills that have also been a source of interest to tourists as well as the hiking and mountain biking trails in the area.[9] Many of the original buildings from the old mine town still exist and are open to exploration, including the cemetery.[5] Benton is a departure point for hiking to Nevada high point Boundary Peak via a (rough) 2WD road to Queen Mine at 9,200 ft (2,800m) or a 4WD extension to Kennedy Saddle at 9,900 ft (3,020m). [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benton, California
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Benton, California
  4. ^ Mono County populations
  5. ^ a b Benton Hot Springs, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  6. ^ Barry M Prtitzker (2000) A Native American Encyclopedia. (New York: Oxford University Press), p. 227.
  7. ^ a b Evans, Cat, Benton, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  8. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1146. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  9. ^ a b c town.Benton, 1996–2008, retrieved 2008-03-12 
  10. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  11. ^ Mono County Office of Education