Benton-C Bainbridge

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Benton-C Bainbridge
Born January 22, 1966
Cleveland, Ohio
Nationality American
Education New York University Tisch School of the Arts
Known for Live Media Artist
Awards

2010: Bronx Recognizes Its Own/Brio, Bronx Council on the Arts Video Artist Honoree

1999: Bessie Awards, Dance Theater Workshop's New York Dance and Performance Award for Video Design (shared with Caspar Stracke)
Website
http://www.benton-c.com

Benton-C Bainbridge (born January 22, 1966) is an American artist known for creating movies, installations, and live visual performances with custom digital, analog and optical systems of his own design. His early career focused on the live creation of electronic cinema in collaboration with other artists and anticipated today’s VJ collectives. Bainbridge’s aesthetic technique is characterized by extensive realtime manipulation analog and digital media. His work is presented in both art and entertainment spaces ranging from museums to stadiums.

He has shown across 5 continents, collaborating with artists including the Beastie Boys, Kaki King, Pauline Oliveros,[1][2] V. Owen Bush,[3] Abigail Child,[4] Nick Didkovsky, Bobby Previte,[5] Jin Hi Kim,[6] Dream Theater, [7] among many others.

Bainbridge has shown his work in venues such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, Museum of Modern Art, Lincoln Center,[8] Madison Square Garden,[9] The Kitchen (NYC),[10] EMPAC (Troy, NY),[11] the American Museum of Natural History, SFMOMA (San Francisco),[12] Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (Washington, D.C.), Dallas Video Festival, Boston Cyberarts Festival, Eyebeam Art and Technology Center,[13] Mercat des les Flors (Barcelona), LUX2006 (Sevilla), Auditorium Parco della Musica (Roma), Test-Portal (Amsterdam), Sonic Light (Amsterdam),[14] Wien Modern (Vienna),[15] Inventionen (Berlin), Teatro Colón CETC (Buenos Aires),[16] CELCIT (Managua), Xi'an China International Horticultural Exposition 2011, Korean Festival (Seoul), Good Vibrations (Australia), and MTV Networks (global).

Early life and Education[edit]

Bainbridge was born in Cleveland, Ohio, where his father was an electronics and computer engineer with NASA’s Lewis Research Center and his mother wrote, photographed and made artwork with paint and fabric. He was first exposed to abstract video art on Public Television through the analog effects of The Electric Company which made him realize “...that anything could be manipulated with video.”[17] Later, Bainbridge’s family moved to the exurbs of Erie, Pennsylvania where he met and began making drawings, plastic sculptures and food art with Philp R. Bonner. He attended General McLane High School, in Edinboro, PA, where he began collaborating with his fellow artist students, presenting several multimedia performances in the school incorporating Super 8mm film, 35mm slides, ½” Reel to reel and VHS video technology, along with performers, costumes, art objects, and music. At this time, Bainbridge also made comix, performance art and electronic music, showing at Erie area galleries and art spaces as well as non-art venues like swimming pools and other public spaces.

After high school, Bainbridge moved to New York City and immersed himself in New York’s Lower East Side art scene while studying film and TV at New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts. As an undergrad, Bainbridge chose video as his primary medium and began presenting work at art spaces and clubs like Space 2B (aka “The Gas Station”) and Danceteria. Working at Rafik as an engineer, editor and salesperson introduced him to many artists, personalities, ideas and esthetics. At Rafik, Bainbridge worked on projects for Robin Byrd, Richard Kern and Boogie Down Productions’ “The Bridge is Over” video.

In 1989, Bainbridge graduated from Tisch with a Bachelor in Fine Arts. That same year his short video “Betabet” was screened at Museum of Modern Art in the Film/Video Arts 21 program and he was awarded his first residency at Experimental Television Center. As part of this residency, Bainbridge began his first live video performance experiments with collaborators Philip R. “Bulk Foodveyor” Bonner, Jonathan “Naval Cassidy” Giles, Chad Strohmayer and Andrew Koontz.[18]] These early experiments convinced Bainbridge that video art can be made much as music: in real time, in collaboration, in public, via the free manipulation of all the tools of the medium.

Live Visuals for the Beastie Boys[edit]

Benton-C co-designed multichannel, realtime video for two Beastie Boys' global tours and TV appearances including nearly all of MTV Networks' channels on four continents. For the Beasties' "The Mix Up" tour, Bainbridge's video designs used RGB LED technology to play visuals on Spike Brant's (Performance Environment Design Group) giant video mobile. For Vh1, CMT and other networks, Benton-C designed and performed video for numerous live televised performances. Bainbridge's canvases are often large-scale displays - including LEDs, giant projections, and domes. He co-authored video content and acted as visual performance artist (VJ) on their "To the 5 Boroughs" tour.[19]

Glowing Pictures[edit]

In 1994, Bainbridge along with V. Owen Bush created Glowing Pictures, a studio based in New York City that specializes in "telling stories and creating experiences". Their projects include visuals for one week of concerts at the gate of Daming Palace in Xi'an and "One Step Beyond" an immersive audio visual event in the "Hall Of The Universe" at American Museum of Natural History, at which they are the resident visual designers and live visualists.

Select performances, exhibitions and screenings[edit]

2014[edit]

Title Place Description
DIGITAL BUDDHA Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC. Projection design for Jin Hi Kim’s Komungo concert.
ONE STEP BEYOND NYC. Resident visual artist for American Museum of Natural History's monthly event launch in 2007.
PARIS IS BURNING Oz Nashville. Live video design for Chancellor Warhol performance.
ZON Eyebeam, NYC. Laser & Video Design (with Sofy Yuditskaya).
THE NECK IS A BRIDGE TO THE BODY BRIC, Brooklyn. Projection/interaction design & visual performance for evening length concert, mapped onto a white guitar. Glowing Pictures with Kaki King.

2013[edit]

Title Place Description
VHS PORTRAITS Eyebeam, NYC. Visual performance and exhibition of 5 dozen on-site video portraits on T-5 tapes.
BALLET MECANIQUE Vanderbilt University, Nashville. Interactive remix of Leger’s film for Vortex Percussion (with Greg Pond).
MINOR ME NYC. “Cubist” music video for diNMachine made with RGBD Toolkit.
TIESTO AT TAO Tao, NYC. Projection mapping onto 16’ tall statue of Quan Yin for DJ Halloween performance.
BROOKLYN ELECTRONIC MUSIC FESTIVAL NYC. Visual designer for multiple venue music festival.
VISION OF THE WEEK Web. Weekly video painting releases in collaboration with Glowing Pictures.

2012[edit]

Title Place Description
Super Long Play! Seed Space, Nashville. Lo-fi interactive installation of 50 original VHS tapes made with Erin Law, Perrin Ireland, Tony Youngblood, Ryan Hogan, Johnny Invective, Ezra Bainbridge-Powers: an electronic sketchbook.
Crystal Garden (all) BronxArtSpace, NYC. DVD edition premieres in group show.
Brother Islands Eyebeam & Longwood Gallery, NYC. HD video ‘painting’ loop and QR code texts with quotes from Bill Etra: an ‘expanded documentary’ about quarantine islands.
Daytime Armory Weekend, NYC. Abstract narrative collaboration with Steve Nalepa & V. Owen Bush.
One Step Beyond American Museum of Natural History. Visual designer, co-producer of video/lighting (with Glowing Pictures) for American Museum of Natural History's monthly party since its inception in 2007.

2011[edit]

Title Place Description
Canon Cinema EOS Paramount Sky Wall, Los Angeles. Live 2-channel video mix by Glowing Pictures of Paramount movies for release of Cinema EOS.
Punto y Raya Festival Barcelona, Spain. Screening of "Flood Basalt & the Guillotine".
Infinite Light Limited Edition Devotion Gallery, Brooklyn. Blu-ray edition premiere
Surpass Xi'an, China. Week long art, music and video festival at the gates of the Daming Palace.
Xi'an International Horticultural Expo 2011 Xi'an China. Dance/media art on the Water Stages by Benton-C Bainbridge and choreographer Brooke Broussard.
Presidential Scholars The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Washington D.C. Cinematic Arts Mentor and Visual Designer.
Youngarts Baryshnikov Arts Center/Arsht Center for the Performing Arts of Miami-Dade County, NYC/Miami. Cinematic Arts Mentor and Visual Designer.

2010[edit]

Title Place Description
Sensilia Tacec La Plata, Argentina. Installation and a/v performance by Maguna • Bainbridge, Lucio Capece and Mika Vainio.
Changes in the Bronx LDR Studio Gallery, Bronx, NY. Two-person show (with Luis D. Rosado) of videos, installations, interactive objects and prints.
Creators Project MILK Gallery, NYC. Interactive Projection Art for MOS Architects "Rainbow Vomit" installation at VICE/Intel arts event.
Schuman Award Concert Honoring Pauline Oliveros Miller Theater/Columbia University. Visual design and live video.
Mixer: Olympiad Eyebeam, NYC. Visual design (including 19 meter Second Life portal) and live video mix.
Diorama 1: Painting Panoramica, Buenos Aires. Maguna • Bainbridge video mix performance with live music and dancers.
Impromptu Devotion Gallery, NYC. Art exhibition with Phoenix Perry.

2009[edit]

Title Place Description
Gabriel Von Wayaditch Brooklyn Museum. Director/Visual Designer/VJ for multimedia lecture for Extremely Hungary! at Target First Saturdays.
Galileo Galilei, Tacec La Plata, Argentina. Visual co-design with Minou Maguna for John King's adaptation of the Bertolt Brecht play.
Pauline Oliveros/Angie Eng/Benton-C Bainbridge Deep Listening Institute, Kingston, NY. Music and video improvisation.
The Big Deep The Kitchen, NYC. Visual design and performance with Pauline Oliveros, Roscoe Mitchell, Deep Listening Band, DJ Olive.
Supersonic Birmingham, UK. "Dialed In" a/v duo performance with Bobby Previte.
Visual Music Marathon New York. "Dark Star" screens at SVA.
Mixiology Festival Roulette, NYC. "Losperus" with Evidence
Mixer: remix Eyebeam, NYC. Live visual remix of artists including Jeffrey Crouse/Aaron Myers and David Jimison.
Remix Hotel Miami Beach. VJ with DJ Sneak and Laidback Luke at WMC.
Musica per Roma "Three Voices" with Joan La Barbara. Video/Stage Co-Design with Minou Maguna.

2008[edit]

Title Place Description
Mixer: Underground Eyebeam, NYC. "Goodbye, NY" 3 channel video installation about Mayor Giuiliani's illegal demolition of an East Village squat, with David Jimison.
Ciclo de conciertos música contemporánea. Buenos Aires, Argentina. "Three Voices" by Morton Feldman, performed by Joan La Barbara. Video/Stage Co-Design with Minou Maguna.
Organica Royce Hall, Los Angeles. Visual design and performance for Christoph Bull's pipe organ concert. (also 2004)
Take 4 Newark, NJ. "Stretchknit Wally" in CWoW exhibition/DVD of minute-long videos curated by Liz Slagus & Norene Leddy.
From Point to Departure New York. "CODEMODEC" DVD edition exhibit at Issue Project Room.
Remix Hotel Miami Beach. VJ with Richie Hawtin and other DJs at WMC.

2007[edit]

Title Place Description
"Brother Islands: Places to Lose People" Eyebeam, NYC. An 'expanded documentary' about NYC's quarantine islands, presented at Eyebeam as immersive media environment with physical performance.
Custom Control Troy, NY. "Dialed In", a/v duo with Bobby Previte presented by EMPAC.
Korean Festival Seoul, Korea. "Digital Buddha" with Jin Hi Kim.
Dallas Video Festival Dallas, Texas. Previte/Bainbridge’s “Dance Hall Mécanique” and Nalepa/Last/Bainbridge’s “Flatlands” screened. (also 2006, 2002)
Scanner New York Video Festival New York. Bobby Previte and Benton-C live music/video duo as part of “Circuits Maximus” at Lincoln Center’s Walter Reade Theater.
Water Music Remix Newport, RI David Last and Benton-C live a/v duo improv at Tall Ships outdoor music event presented by Duncan Laurie, Newport Classic and the Museum of Yachting.
"The Mix Up Tour" Worldwide David Last and Benton-C live a/v duo improv at Tall Ships outdoor music event presented by Duncan Laurie, Newport Classic and the Museum of Yachting.
"Anthology Film Archives" New York. Live VJ performance with 99 Hooker and Lance Blisters.
Visual Music Marathon Boston “Dark Star” screens as part of Boston CyberArts Festival event at Northeastern University.
Good Vibrations Festival Melbourne/Sydney. Live improvised VJing/multicamera system design for Beastie Boys.

2006[edit]

Title Place Description
LMCC "Swing Space 15 NASSAU, NYC. Live video and Komungo performance “Digital Buddha” with Jin Hi Kim.
VH1 Hip Hop Honors NYC/Worldwide. Design and perform multichannel video for Beastie Boys live performance as honorees.
Points in a circle New York. Bobby Previte and Benton-C improv a/v sample-trigger performance at Issue Project Room using Stephan Moore’s hemispherical speaker grid.
NArt Showcase Seoul, Korea Video for Seongah Shin’s computer music composition “Sarah 90” premieres at Sojang University’s Mary Hall.
Mixology Festival New York. “Landscaping” a/v performance, Benton-C and Evidence, presented by Roulette at Location One.
LUX2006 Sevilla, Spain. Duo a/v improv with Once11 for VJ Festival.
Infinito Nero Buenos Aires, Argentina. Video Design for Martin Bauer’s production of Sciarrino’s opera, presented in Minou Maguna’s set and performed by VJ_Anibal Kelvo.
Bentfest New York. Trio with Dafna Naphtali and Alex Waterman at circuit bending festival on the MoFoPro system.
Brakhage Dallas Live remix of Stan Brakhage’s films and lectures at Magnolia Lounge presented by Dallas Video Association.
Sun Khronos New York. Premiere of “Dark Star” at Millennium Film Archives.
Live Processing New York. Visual design and video performance with choreographer Koosil-ja, musician Geoff Matters, and dancer Melissa Guerrero at Lower Manhattan Cultural Council “Swing Space”.

2005[edit]

Title Place Description
Z100 Jingle Ball New York. VJ/Visuals design for Madison Square Garden holiday variety show with many artists including Kanye West, Destiny's Child, Sean Paul, Backstreet Boys, Fall Out Boy. [also 2004]
Video in Twilight. Analog of No Return Karlsruhe. Screening of VJ/DJ performance excerpt with Venetian Snares. Curated by Woody Vasulka for OASIS/ZKM.
VH1 Hip Hop Honors 2005 USA. Screens Visuals with FUEVOZ for all the music performances for this TV tribute - rescan, mixing and clip scrubbing with Big Daddy, Kane, Ice-T, LL Cool J and many more Hip Hop legends.
EMPAC 360 Troy, NY. Live audiovisual performance with 6-channel music and programming by Stephan Moore, dance by Flyaway Productions and pyro by Pierre-Alain Hubert and Grucci.
Visual Music/ Cosmic Drift Washington D.C. Live video 'remix' of Stan Brakhage's lectures as member of rev.99 for live event at Smithsonian Institute's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.
TEST-PORTAL 2005 Amsterdam. Present a program of SYNAESTHESIOLOGISTS and performances with Johnny DeKam, 2/5 BZ and solo.
Videos Experimentales Contemporáneos de Nueva York. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Screenings of works by Benton-C Bainbridge, NNeng/NNeng-M and Bill Etra at PROA FUNDACION. Coordinadora: Minou Maguna.
Convergence: IFFB/Boston Cyberarts Boston. Live video with Walter Wright and United States of Belt (Ross Goldstein) for meeting of International Film Fest of Boston and Boston Cyberarts Fest.
Byron Carlyle Theatre Miami Beach. Live video design and performance for "Nervous City Orchestra," by Composer Livio Tragtenberg. Commissioned by Tigertail.
"La Belle Captive" THE KITCHEN, New York City. Live video design and performance for an electronic audiovisual opera by John King.

2004[edit]

Title Place Description
Ciclo de Música Contemporánea. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 3 channel live video for ″El Malogrado″, Martin Bauer′s musical theater based on Thomas Bernhard′s ″The Loser″, at Teatro San Martin.
VH1 Hip Hop Honors USA Visuals Jockey for musical performances on program honoring the pioneers of hip hop. Live image processing, mixing and clip scrubbing with Public Enemy, Grandmaster, Flash and Beastie Boys.
Fronteras Festival London Live video for experimental opera "La Belle Captive" at ICA.
SYNAESTHESIOLOGISTS New York Co-curated a screening, live a/v performances, installations and a Video Jukebox for The 2004 New York Video Festival with David Last. Also featured at Virginia Film Festival.
"To the 5 Boroughs Tour" Worldwide venues TV performances on VH1, MTV, MTV2, MTVJapan, MTVLA, MTV Europe, Steve Harvey Show. Co-design visuals with artfag, llc and live Oscilloscope tweaking and VJ'ing for Beastie Boys.

SONIC VISION, San Francisco. "Karma" screens in Kathleen Forde's program at SFMoMA.

Monkeytown Invitational New York City Live a/v synthesis on custom hybrid analog/digital system (with V. Owen Bush) for 4 projection walls and gourmet appetizers.
Sickness @ÉLAN New York City. VJ with Venetian Snares, C-TRL and others.

2003[edit]

Title Place Description
Élan New York City Realtime 3D & video for "mech[a]" & "OUTPUT" with choreographer/dancer Koosil-ja Hwang and musician Geoff Matters.
New Genre XI Tulsa. Live video and music for "Annotations" with dancer/choreographer Helena Thevenot.
SonicVision American Museam of Natural History, New York City. Contributing artist to Hayden Planetarium's "SonicVision" fulldome show.
Theatre of Musical Comedy. St. Petersburg, Russia. Live video for "Tattooed Tongues" opera with Dutch ensemble LOOS & eNsemble from St. Petersburg, music by Martijn Padding, libretto by Friso Haverkamp.
Celcit Festival. Managua. "The Moment Prior" with Helena Thevenot as part of "Apuntes" show.
Test-Portal Amsterdam. Several performances, including improv with Hoppy Kamiyama & Kirilola, screening of 'origins' performance with Walter Wright.
The New York Video Festival Lincoln Center Screening of 'SUBTALK' (short by Bainbridge, Abigail Child and Eric Rosenzveig) in "History Makes a Comeback" program.
MIXOLOGY Festival New York City. Solo and group live a/v in various collaborations with dancers, musicians and vusicians at Performing Garage for the hausofouch's curation of the Roulette annual intermedia series.
The New York Video Festival Lincoln Center Screening of 'SUBTALK' (short by Bainbridge, Abigail Child and Eric Rosenzveig) in "History Makes a Comeback" program.
Boston CyberArts Festival "Origins and VIsual Improvisation Symposium" Boston. Live performances (including duo with Walter Wright), workshops, panels, screenings and an installation of the "TRIGGERS" video jukebox.
Splice Festival Pittsburgh Live 2 channel a/v performance at Carnegie Mellon University Fest, solo and with Colongib + Shiv and the students of CMU.
Centro de Experimentación del Teatro Colón Buenos Aires. Live video composition/performances for John King's experimental opera "La Belle Captive."
Sonic Light[20] Amsterdam VJ' performances, screenings and conduct analog A/V synthesis workshop.
651 Arts Tribeca Performing Arts Center, New York City "Dog, Dog"

2002[edit]

Title Place Description
American Museam of the Moving Image, NYC. Live audiovisuals with Johnny deKam for <ALT> DigitalMedia opening.
TRANSCINEMA 2002 San Jose & San Francisco. "Pale Blue Dot" solo A/V set. (also 2000)
DCTV/MNN New York City UNITYGAIN TV- solo A/V performance, cablecast, webcast.
International Ballet Festival Miami "The Moment Prior" with dancer/choreographer Helena Thevenot.
VIDARTE Mexico City. screening of "Karma".
"The Moment Prior". San Francisco Butoh Festival
Musik and Machines Berlin. Present & perform at Love Parade VJ Panel.
Inventionen Festival Berlin Live Video for Fast Forward's "Signal to Noise".
UNITYGAIN Chashama, NYC Co-produced events with David Linton and live video performances with live electronic musicians. [also 2001]
"Pale Blue Dot" ROULETTE, New York City. solo 'live movie' performance.
Cambridge Poetry Festival Cambridge, UK. "Karma" screening.
Phonotaktik 'Musikkreis MS-20 Sessionen. Austrian Cultural Forum, New York City. Improvised video and music on the Korg MS-20 with Viennese and American musicians.
BATOFAR. Paris, France. Live visuals with Vishwanath Owen Bush, Baby Zazonie and solo.
DCTV/MNN New York City UNITYGAIN TV- 3 VJ mix, cablecast, webcast.

2001[edit]

Title Place Description
Triggers Chashama, NYC. "999x10^95" a video opera inspired by Adolph Wölfli with text and music composed by Matthew Ostrowski.
Sammlung ESSL Vienna DVD edition premieres in group show.
FLA/BRA Festival MOCA, Miami. "The Moment Prior" with choreographer/performer Helena Thevenot.
Unitygain The Kitchen, NYC. Co-produced event with David Linton and live video mix with Jeremy Bernstein and Anney Bonney along with electronic musicians.
One Step Beyond American Museum of Natural History. Visual designer, co-producer of video/lighting (with Glowing Pictures) for American Museum of Natural History's monthly party since its inception in 2007.

2000[edit]

Title Place Description
Triggers The Kitchen, NYC. A/V jukebox installation.
"Here, Shimmering, Gone" The Kitchen, NYC. performance/demonstration/lecture.
FLA/BRA Festival Miami. "Dog Dog" with choreographer/dancer Giovanni Luquini and DJ le Spam
Unitygain Galapagos, Brooklyn. Resident 'VJ' and co-producer of monthly live electronic A/V event. [also 1999]
92nd st. Playhouse, New York City. live video with DanceKumikoKimoto's "memoryscan."

1999[edit]

Title Place Description
Transcinema San Francisco "Hugged In Fog" and "This Week's Bliss."
Miami Light Festival Miami Live video with DanceKumikoKimoto's "memoryscan."
STEIM Amsterdam with David Linton.
Seances d'ecoute Metafor d'Aubervilliers, Paris. with David Linton and Hahn Rowe.
THE KITCHEN, New York City.

1995[edit]

Title Place Description
2nd Festival de Music del Segle XX Mercat de les Flors, Barcelona. Nancy Meli Walker and Bainbridge perform live video with flautist Barbara Held’s “The Physics of Sound.”

1994[edit]

Title Place Description
Valencia Theatre, San Francisco. Live performance with Pamela Z and Elise Kermani.

1993

KOMOTION, San Francisco. "Barriers" video installation.

1993[edit]

Title Place Description
Gargoyle Mecanique. New York City. Live performance as "Valued Cu$tomer" with 99
Komotion San Francisco. "Barriers" video installation.

1992[edit]

Title Place Description
Artists Television Access San Francisco. performance with 99 Hooker and M. Stephens.

1989[edit]

Title Place Description
"Betabet" MOMA, New York “Betabet” screens as part of F/VA 21 show.

Residencies[edit]

Year Residency
2010 ALFRED UNIVERSITY, NY, Artist-in-Residence with Minou Maguna
2006-2007 EYEBEAM ART & TECHNOLOGY CENTER, NYC. Inaugural Education Fellow.
1989-2005 EXPERIMENTAL TELEVISION CENTER, Owego, NY. Numerous artist residencies.

2010

Awards[edit]

Year Award
2010 "BRONX RECOGNIZES ITS OWN/BRIO, Bronx Council on the Arts Video Artist Honoree.
1999 "BESSIE AWARDS, Dance Theater Workshop's New York Dance and Performance Award for Video Design (shared with Caspar Stracke).

Collections[edit]

Collection
The Kitchen, NYC.
EXPERIMENTAL TELEVISION CENTER, NY
AUTOMATEN, Berlin

Bainbridge also curates, teaches and advises on video art and tech. For Lincoln Center's New York Video Festival, Benton-C co-curated Synaesthesiologists, a festival of dozens of shorts in a feature-length overview of the global audiovisuals scene. At UAMA high school in Brooklyn, Bainbridge started the first VJ class in the U.S. public education system, going on to teach students ranging from pre-teen to post-graduate as Eyebeam Art and Technology Center's inaugural Education Fellow.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.arts-electric.org/stories/090412_oliveros.html
  2. ^ http://newmusicon.org/index.php/2010/12/06/pauline-oliveros-receives-the-schuman-prize/
  3. ^ http://createdigitalmotion.com/2012/01/in-dreamy-electrified-landscapes-nalepa-daytime-music-video-meets-rutt-etra/
  4. ^ http://www.videohistoryproject.org/events_all?order=field_event_year_value&sort=desc
  5. ^ http://www.gf.org/fellows/17287-bobby-previte
  6. ^ http://www.metroartsleague.com/2010/12/jin-hi-kim-and-digital-buddha.html
  7. ^ http://issuu.com/s/9qK
  8. ^ http://rhizome.org/announce/events/48623/view/
  9. ^ http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/individual/1070235?view=credit
  10. ^ http://www.turbulence.org/blog/archives/003371.html
  11. ^ http://empac.rpi.edu/events/2007/customcontrol.html
  12. ^ http://groups.yahoo.com/group/iotacenter/message/4649?var=1
  13. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/16/arts/16wspare.html?pagewanted=all
  14. ^ http://2003.sonicacts.com/performances/performanceartists.html
  15. ^ http://www.adolfwoelfli.ch/index.php?c=e&level=5&sublevel=0
  16. ^ http://edant.clarin.com/diario/2006/05/15/espectaculos/c-00402.htm
  17. ^ Open Season interview
  18. ^ One of these works “3 machines” is collected on Experimental TV Center’s DVD set at Electronic Arts Intermix
  19. ^ Sandberg-Dierson, Marian. 2005. "Green Beast Part 1: The Boys." Lighting Dimensions 29, no. 1: 26-31. Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed May 9, 2012).
  20. ^ http://2003.sonicacts.com/performances/performanceartists.html
  21. ^ "Spare Times", New York Times, November 16, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/16/arts/16wspare.html?pagewanted=all