Benton County, Arkansas

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Not to be confused with Benton, Arkansas. ‹See Tfd›
Benton County, Arkansas
Benton County Courthouse, Bentonville, Arkansas.jpg
Benton County Courthouse, July 2011
Map of Arkansas highlighting Benton County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 30 September 1836
Named for Thomas Hart Benton
Seat Bentonville
Largest city Rogers
Area
 • Total 884 sq mi (2,290 km2)
 • Land 847 sq mi (2,194 km2)
 • Water 37 sq mi (96 km2), 4.1%
Population
 • (2010) 221,339
 • Density 261/sq mi (101/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.benton.ar.us

Benton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 221,339,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Bentonville.[2] The county was formed on 30 September 1836 and was named after Thomas Hart Benton, a U.S. Senator from Missouri. In 2012, Benton County voters elected to make the county wet, or a non-alcohol prohibition location.[3]

Benton County is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 884 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 847 square miles (2,190 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (4.1%) is water.[4] Most of the water is in Beaver Lake.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

The historic Trail of Tears is on US highways 62 and 71, connects with another US route 412 in nearby Washington County.

Airport[edit]

The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport is located near Highfill.

Rail[edit]

The Arkansas and Missouri Railroad parallels US Highways 62 and 71 in the county.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,228
1850 3,710 66.5%
1860 9,306 150.8%
1870 13,831 48.6%
1880 20,328 47.0%
1890 27,716 36.3%
1900 31,611 14.1%
1910 33,389 5.6%
1920 36,253 8.6%
1930 35,253 −2.8%
1940 36,148 2.5%
1950 38,076 5.3%
1960 36,272 −4.7%
1970 50,476 39.2%
1980 78,115 54.8%
1990 97,499 24.8%
2000 153,406 57.3%
2010 221,339 44.3%
Est. 2013 237,297 7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Benton County[9]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 153,406 people, 58,212 households, and 43,484 families residing in the county. The population density was 181 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 64,281 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.87% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 1.65% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.08% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 8.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of 2005 Benton County's population was 81.7% non-Hispanic white, while the percentage of Latinos grew by 60 percent in the time period. Latinos are attracted to the growth of light industrial jobs, home construction and service sector in the county. 1.1% of the population was African-American (perhaps the lowest in all of Arkansas); 1.6% was Native American (the historical presence of the Cherokee Indians live in close proximity to Oklahoma); 1.7% was Asian (there was a large influx of Filipinos, Vietnamese and South Asian immigrants arrived in recent decades) and 0.2% of the population was Pacific Islander. 1.6% reported two or more races, usually not black-white due to a minuscule African-American population. And 12.8% was Latino, but the United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce believed the official estimate is underreported and Latinos could well be 20 percent of the population.[11]

There were 58,212 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,281, and the median income for a family was $45,235. Males had a median income of $30,327 versus $22,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,377. About 7.30% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

As of census 2010 the county population was 221,339. The racial makeup of the county was 76.18% Non-Hispanic white, 1.27% black, 1.69% Native American, 2.85% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 0.10% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 1.93% Non-Hispanics reporting two or more races and 15.49% Hispanic or Latino.

Economy[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places (CDPs)[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Benton County, Arkansas as of 2010

Note: Most Arkansas counties have names for their townships. Benton County, however, has numbers instead of names.

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Benton County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.[12][13]

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Total area
(mi²)
Total area
(km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Township 1 05-93626 01989186 all of: Garfield, Gateway, Lost Bridge Village, Prairie Creek; parts of: Avoca, Rogers 13,223 113.79 43.93 130.964 339.2 116.205 301.0 14.759 38.23 36°24′44″N 93°58′47″W / 36.412328°N 93.979817°W / 36.412328; -93.979817
Township 2 05-93628 01989194 small parts of: Lowell, Rogers, Springdale 14,279 150.33 58.04 111.844 289.7 94.984 246.0 16.860 43.67 36°16′50″N 93°59′00″W / 36.280449°N 93.983324°W / 36.280449; -93.983324
Township 3 05-93630 01989187 parts of: Lowell, Rogers, Springdale; most of Bethel Heights 20,037 1,903.93 735.03 10.572 27.38 10.524 27.26 0.048 0.1243 36°16′22″N 94°07′30″W / 36.272833°N 94.124961°W / 36.272833; -94.124961
Township 4 05-93632 01989188 all of Cave Springs ; most of the following: Lowell, Rogers, Springdale (within Benton County); small parts of Elm Springs 25,596 518.70 200.28 49.693 128.7 49.346 127.8 0.347 0.8987 36°16′16″N 94°11′33″W / 36.271000°N 94.192603°W / 36.271000; -94.192603
Township 5 05-93634 01989189 part of Rogers 12,792 2,873.32 1,109.45 4.460 11.55 4.452 11.53 0.008 0.02072 36°20′09″N 94°08′26″W / 36.335732°N 94.140417°W / 36.335732; -94.140417
Township 6 05-93636 01989190 most of Little Flock; almost half of Avoca; small parts of Bentonville, Pea Ridge, Rogers 14,033 671.18 259.15 20.929 54.21 20.908 54.15 0.021 0.05439 36°22′49″N 94°07′44″W / 36.380291°N 94.128869°W / 36.380291; -94.128869
Township 7 05-93638 01989191 most of Pea Ridge; part of Bella Vista; small part of Bentonville 20,317 331.80 128.10 61.597 159.5 61.233 158.6 0.364 0.9428 36°27′15″N 94°09′13″W / 36.454130°N 94.153613°W / 36.454130; -94.153613
Township 8 05-93640 01989192 part of Bentonville 12,637 1,575.69 608.43 8.028 20.79 8.020 20.77 0.008 0.02072 36°22′49″N 94°12′02″W / 36.380199°N 94.200482°W / 36.380199; -94.200482
Township 9 05-93642 01989193 most of: Bentonville, Centerton; small part of Highfill 31,362 638.18 246.36 49.497 128.2 49.143 127.3 0.354 0.9169 36°21′16″N 94°16′09″W / 36.354443°N 94.269172°W / 36.354443; -94.269172
Township 10 05-93644 01989195 most of: Bella Vista, Hiwasse 16,402 385.73 148.97 43.848 113.6 42.522 110.1 1.326 3.434 36°27′13″N 94°18′29″W / 36.453560°N 94.307978°W / 36.453560; -94.307978
Township 11 05-93645 01989196 all of: Cherokee City, Decatur, Gravette, Maysville, Sulphur Springs; small parts of: Centerton, Highfill, Hiwasse 12,273 59.13 22.83 207.804 538.2 207.558 537.6 0.246 0.6371 36°23′37″N 94°28′06″W / 36.393573°N 94.468392°W / 36.393573; -94.468392
Township 12 05-93646 01989197 most of Gentry; more than half of Siloam Springs 15,158 361.65 139.58 43.028 111.4 41.913 108.6 1.115 2.888 36°14′21″N 94°31′22″W / 36.239052°N 94.522847°W / 36.239052; -94.522847
Township 13 05-93647 01989198 all of Springtown; most of Highfill; small parts of: Elm Springs, Gentry, Springdale 13,230 94.13 36.35 141.642 366.9 140.548 364.0 1.094 2.833 36°11′38″N 94°24′35″W / 36.193862°N 94.409806°W / 36.193862; -94.409806
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Jordan wins in Fayetteville, Benton County goes wet". Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Benton County QuickFacts from the U. S. Census Bureau
  12. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Benton County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05007_benton/BAS11C20500700000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
  13. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°21′08″N 94°14′03″W / 36.35222°N 94.23417°W / 36.35222; -94.23417