|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Districts and Counties|
|• CPC Benxi||Committee Secretary|
|• Mayor||Gang Rui|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,411 km2 (3,248 sq mi)|
|• Urban||747 km2 (288 sq mi)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)[dead link]|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,709,538|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Administrative division code||210500|
Benxi (Chinese: 本溪; pinyin: Běnxī) is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, south-southeast of Shenyang. Its population is 1,709,538 at the 2010 census. It was founded as a metallurgical center in 1915. Benxi Iron and Steel Company ("Bengang") is the largest employer in the city, and used to be the fourth-largest steel company in China. The second-largest industry in Benxi is coal mining. Benxi has pollution problems due to steel production and coal mining.
The worst coal mining disaster in the world took place on April 26, 1942 in Benxihu Colliery. A coal-dust explosion killed 1,549 miners working that day.
Benxi contains 4 districts and 2 autonomous counties for the Manchu nation:
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2003 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Pingshan District||平山区||Píngshān Qū||350,000||177||1,977|
|2||Xihu District||溪湖区||Xīhú Qū||220,000||320||688|
|3||Mingshan District||明山区||Míngshān Qū||300,000||410||732|
|4||Nanfen District||南芬区||Nánfēn Qū||80,000||619||129|
|5||Benxi Manchu Autonomous County||本溪满族
|6||Huanren Manchu Autonomous County||桓仁满族
Within these there are 25 counties, 40 villages and towns, 229 communities and 289 village committees.
Benxi is located within latitude 40° 49'−41° 35' N and longitude 123° 34'−125° 46' E, and has a total area of 8,411.31 square kilometres (3,247.62 sq mi). To the east is Jilin City (Jilin), to the south is Dandong, to the southwest is Anshan (though the two don't actually border each other), to the west is Liaoyang, to the northwest is Shenyang, and to the north is Fushun. The area has many mountains as well as great forest coverage (74%).
Benxi has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), characterised by hot, humid summers, due to the East Asian monsoon, and long, cold and windy, but dry winters, due to the Siberian anticyclone. The four seasons here are distinctive. Nearly half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −11.5 °C (11.3 °F) in January to 24.0 °C (75.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 7.83 °C (46.1 °F). The city receives 2,325 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Benxi (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−5.0||−1.2||6.3||15.8||22.2||26.4||28.6||28.0||23.0||15.6||5.7||−2.1||13.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||−16.9||−12.7||−4.3||4.0||10.4||16.0||19.8||18.6||11.5||3.7||−4.8||−12.8||2.7|
|Precipitation mm (inches)||7.9||8.4||17.5||41.9||67.3||95.3||207.9||168.2||75.2||49.1||26.0||11.2||—|
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.0||5.0||6.2||8.2||9.6||12.3||14.3||12.2||8.3||7.6||6.8||4.8||—|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||164.4||186.5||220.5||230.2||240.8||213.0||173.5||183.0||203.7||200.8||161.1||147.5||—|
|Percent possible sunshine||56||63||60||58||54||48||38||43||55||59||55||52||52|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Benxi’s economy grew 26% in 2008 to a regional GDP of 61.1 billion CNY. Urban per-capita disposable income was 13,300 CNY (1,913 USD), and consumption per capita 10,167 CNY (1,462 USD).
With 46 large and medium-sized enterprises in Benxi, main industrial products are raw iron (14 million tons), steel (13 million tons), finished steel (12 million tons), cement (3 million tons) and raw coal (1 million tons). In 2008, 92,615 people were employed in manufacturing, 20,368 in education, 19,228 in public administration and social organizations, 17,913 persons in the mining industry, and 12,997 in transportation and storage. According to the type of business ownership, 63,000 were employed in private companies.[dead link]
Uranium is mined in the region.
As of 2009, Asia's biggest iron ore mine, which is reported to possess more than 3 billion tons of proven reserves, has been found in this region.
Benxi is rich with tourist attractions. The eastern side of the prefecture is covered with mountains, caves and lakes with low population, making the various parks in that area popular.
The Benxi Water Cave National Park is a subterranean river, some 3,000 meters long, 2 meters deep and wide enough for 20-30 boats. It flowing through this cave situated 35 km (22 mi) east of Benxi city. The cave is filled with countless stalactites and stone flowers, pillars and curtains.
Wunü Mountain National Park is an area of natural beauty. The park also contains the remains of an ancient Goguryeo capital city. As such the site has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Guanmenshan National Forest Park is an valley of outstanding natural beauty. Secluded trails run up and down the valley. The area is particularly popular in autumn when the leaves of the many maple trees that line the valley turn bright red.
- "AF447 victim". www.terra.com.br. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
- China Liaoning Business Guide
- "Asia’s biggest iron ore mine found in Benxi China". www.ibtimes.com. International Business Times. 23 June 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "China - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. UNESCO. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Benxi.|