Benzú

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Benzú
Population unit
A roadside mosque in Benzú
A roadside mosque in Benzú
Location of Benzú within Ceuta
Location of Benzú within Ceuta
Coordinates: 35°54′58″N 5°22′23″W / 35.91611°N 5.37306°W / 35.91611; -5.37306Coordinates: 35°54′58″N 5°22′23″W / 35.91611°N 5.37306°W / 35.91611; -5.37306
Country Spain
Autonomous city Ceuta
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,987
Demonym Benzueño (male)
Benzueña (female)
Time zone Madrid (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) Madrid (UTC+2)
ISO 3166-2 ES-CE
Postal code 51004
Official language Spanish

Benzú is a small settlement within the Spanish autonomous city of Ceuta. It has a population of 1,987 according to the 2011 census, divided into two units with Ceuta as its municipality.

Description[edit]

Benzú is in the northwest of the Spanish exclave, with a northern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea. It lies close to the border with Morocco. The small town has about 1200 inhabitants in 2011 and the population has risen only slightly in the last decade.[1]

The Moroccan mountain of Jebel Musa, as viewed from Benzú.

The town has the last beach before the border and the small community of Beliones in the Moroccan region of Tangier-Tetouan. From this area the nearby mountain of Jebel Musa, which is known locally as the "Dead Woman" as the profile of the mountain is of a similar shape to a woman lying down, can be seen.[2]

History[edit]

Access to the archaeological site of the cave of Benzú

It has rock shelters and caves which have evidence of occupation during the palaeolithic and neolithic periods. Researchers have found seven levels of human occupation dating back to 250,000 years ago. The evidence they have found has led them to think of the Straits of Gibraltar not as a barrier but a bridge to early humans.[3][4] The different levels within the cave show the development of stone tools. The tools are made from Flint, Sandstone and Radiolarite with scrapers used for working both wood and hide.[3] Comparison of the technology used during the Pleistocene and Holocene periods by early humans shows that there was a very similar civilisation in caves excavated in Gibraltar, mainland Spain and around Tangier to caves around Benzu.[5]

The population was given as 1,127 in 2000 and it has risen to 1,170 in 2010.

The N-354 and N-362 roads link Benzú to the city of Ceuta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ine.es. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (Spanish Statistical Institute)" (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Clammer, Paul (2009). Morocco p.192. Lonely Planet. p. 536. ISBN 9781741049718. 
  3. ^ a b Ramos, José et al. (2008). "The Benzú rockshelter: a Middle Palaeolithic site on the North African coast". Quaternary Science Reviews 27 (23–24): 2210. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.08.030. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VBC-4TVJ08T-3&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=f0c6498ec76dde4cc3ed0f3cac37979f
  5. ^ Ramos, José; Domínguez-Bella, Salvador; Cantillo, Juan Jesús; Soriguer, Mila; Pérez, Manuela; Hernando, José; Vijande, Eduardo; Zabala, Cristina; Clemente, Ignacio; Bernal, Darío (2011). "Marine resources exploitation by Palaeolithic hunter-fisher-gatherers and Neolithic tribal societies in the historical region of the Strait of Gibraltar". Quaternary International 239: 104. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.03.015.