|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||171.03 g mol−1|
|Odor||very sharp and pungent|
|Melting point||−3.9 °C (25.0 °F; 269.2 K)|
|Boiling point||201 °C (394 °F; 474 K)|
|Solubility||soluble in benzene, CCl4
miscible in ethanol, ether
|Refractive index (nD)||1.5752|
|Flash point||70 °C (158 °F; 343 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Benzyl bromide, or α-bromotoluene, is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring substituted with a bromomethyl group. It can be prepared by the bromination of toluene at room temperature in air, using manganese(IV) oxide as a heterogeneous catalyst. It is a colorless liquid that is decomposed slowly in water.
Benzyl bromide is a strong lachrymator and is also intensely irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Because of these properties, it has been used as a war gas.
- Merck Index, 11th Edition, 1142