Berber Arouch Citizen's Movement
The Arouch Movement or Berber Arouch Citizen's Movement (Kabyle: Laarac) is an organization in Algeria representing the Kabyle people, an ethnic Berbers group of the province of Kabylie. Their name, Arouch, is the plural form of the word Arch, referring to a traditional Kabyle form of democratic political assembly. The movement was started after the Black Spring disturbances in 2001, in which 126 Kabyle protesters were killed by Algerian gendarmes. The Arouch have a horizontal leadership and it has no leader, although charismatic arouch representatives like Belaïd Abrika have emerged.
The Arouch has stated political goals in a document known as the El Kseur Platform. Among them are:
- Recognition of the Berber language as a national and official language alongside Arabic; the demand was partially met.
- The withdrawal of the Algerian gendarmerie security forces from Kabylie; the demand was met.
- Expanded democracy.
- Expanded social rights.
The Arouch views about the status of Kabylie are as diverse as the number of its representatives, some supporting a federal state, others support a regional autonomy, and the rest are for decentralization.
- Politics of Algeria
- Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD) - The main Liberal Berber party.
- Front of Socialist Forces (FFS) - The main Socialist Berber party.
- Movement for the autonomy of Kabylie (MAK) - A pro-autonomy Kabyle movement.
- "2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Algeria" (February 25, 2004). Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
- Africa Institute of South Africa report
- U.S. Department of State 2004 Report on Human Rights Practices in Algeria
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