Berenice Sydney

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Berenice Sydney (1944–1983), born Berenice Frieze, professionally known as 'Berenice', was a prolific English artist who produced a substantial body of work from 1966 until her death in 1983. Her oeuvre consists of paintings on canvas and paper, drawings, prints, children's books, costume design and performance. A memorial exhibition of her work was held at the Royal Academy in 1984 followed by solo shows in Italy, Abu Dhabi, Gulf of Bahrain, Switzerland and Great Britain and continue to be featured in print and watercolour shows held in Burlington House. Her work is in over 100 private and public collections.[1]

Biography[edit]

Berenice Sydney was born in Esher, Surrey in 1944 and educated from the age of six at the Lycée Français de Londres. From her early years she studied ballet with Marie Rambert and classical guitar with Adele Kramer. As an adult she balanced a rigorous work schedule in her studio by training at the Dance Centre in Covent Garden and attending flamenco dance studios in Hampstead and New York City.

In addition to reading the classics and studying mythology she was fluent in five languages. She was enrolled at the Central School of Art and Design, but left formal art education to set up a studio in Chelsea.[2]

She participated in over 40 exhibitions before her death of an asthma attack at the age of 37. She is buried in Highgate Cemetery with her father the documentary filmmaker, Joseph Sydney Frieze. Lord McAlpine gave the eulogy at her funeral also attended by Dr. David Brown then the Assistant Keeper in Modern Collections at the Tate Gallery.

She lived with photographer Romano Cagnoni from 1964 and they got married in 1970.

Career[edit]

Berenice Sydney was included in ten group exhibitions between 1963 and 1975 and held eleven solo shows, in addition to being invited to represent Britain at the Biennale della Grafica d'Arte in Florence in 1974. The following year she showed her "stained glass effect" canvases at the McAlpine Gallery of the Ashmolean Museum.

Her first professional exhibition was held at the Drian Galleries in 1968 and included Susanna and the Elders with Charlie the Pigeon, Coffee Pot and 3 Yellow Flowers and The Drummer Boy.[3]

She began to exhibit her works on paper including Dancing Nymphs, Hermaphroditus, Pan and Two Nymphs, The Marriage of Psyche and Eros, Naiads Surprised by Satyrs, in 1968. Linocuts were also exhibited that year and included Aphrodite and Ares, Nymphs Dancing, Psyche and Eros, Nude Fiddling with Toe, Pan and Two Nymphs and Hebe and Artemis. She continued to explore themes relating to Persian mythology, Christian symbolism and Greek mythological subjects as well as referencing Ancient Egyptian art, creating a hieroglyph of her professional name and working on papyrus.

Responding to the exhibition 'Salute to Berenice Sydney' held at the Royal Academy Max Wykes-Joyce wrote:[3]

In the Spring of 1968 I was much charmed by a first one-person show at the Drian Galleries of large, lively paintings which evidenced the artist's interest in dance and music, and a group of black and white drawings on mythological themesm [sic?] made in her late teens and very early twenties by the young self-taught Berenice Sydney. I praised them greatly: subesequently [sic?] show of her work were in turn singled out for admiration in Arts Review by Marina Vaizey, Pat Gilmour, Oswell Baakeston and Charles Bone. And these praises were more recently joined by those of Kenneth Garlick of the Ashmolean Museum and David Brown of the Tate Gallery. Her painting evolved from figuration to an apparent abstraction which was, in truth, a dance of colours, an expression of natural exuberance. She was continually researching new means of printmaking and mixed media works, each kind of which is represented in this, her memorial exhibition.

Painting[edit]

Sydney's work developed from representational to semi-abstract and she soon established her style in purest abstract form starting with tiny delicate Persian Garden designs, miniatures in naturalistic colours that become abstract etchings: Bakhtiari, The Sultan's Garden, Shirvan Kabistan II, Hachly Moons, Little Squares, Saruk, which were exhibited in 1969.

From 1973 her oils on canvas also began to develop into conceptual abstractions. From discernible figures worked in flowing brush strokes her forms became multi-faceted describing movement in hundreds of colour mutations and shapes. Sydney's later paintings were developed in series, based on specific organic forms, such as leaves (see illustration), that provided a dynamic structural frame for the buildup of paint across large canvasses. Colour combined with vortex-like compositions, starting from a central point to expand outwards, enabled the artist to explore the kinesthetic qualities of visual experience in a way that relates to Bridget Riley's later work.

Printmaking[edit]

Sydney continued to experiment in oils and other media and produced etching, engravings in steel (Art in Steel exhibition 1972), copper and perspex monoprints. One of her influences was Stanley William Hayter and her etchings would then use multiple colours on a single plate. She also produced aquatints and lithographs using one plate for each colour process. Her work in serigraphy was also extensive and first exhibited in 1974.

Drawing[edit]

Sydney's drawing consistently used acrylic and oil pastels, ink and brush creating a series of works on Gemini paper. She produced a series of intensely detailed pen drawings merging the calligraphic with the figurative in a humorous way, as in Pen drawing with Jester, 1976.[4]

Children's Books[edit]

Sydney wrote and illustrated a Book of Nonsense Verse 1982/3 later titled Book of Fools which she dedicated to the First of April. A page from this work featuring the poem The Ant who Danced and Pranced is featured in the catalogue to the exhibition Homage to Berenice Sydney. In it the art historian, Florian Rodari's appraisal of Sydney's work appears in French with a translation in English by Charlotte Frieze.[4] The black and white illustrations to the Book of Fools are aquatints etched in a delicately delineated style. The text is written in French and English. Four artist's proofs of the book subsequently titled Book of Fools were printed. The French version of A Book of Fools was purchased by the Bibliothèque Nationale Paris in October 1982 in addition to a number of the artist's earliest etchings, now kept in the Cabinet des Estampes. An audiocassette recording of the artist giving a reading of the Book of Fools was made at the Musée d'Elysée in Lausanne as the artist performed with castanets, accompanied by Gypsy Flamenco musicians and rendered in parts with a Yorkshire accent in homage to her father's family origins.

Exhibitions[edit]

Exhibitions during her lifetime 1968–1982

1968

  • Drian Galleries, First One Person Show, London
  • Leicester Galleries, - Group Show, London
  • Edinburgh Festival Costume Designs for Workshops Production of Clown - Televised, Grampian Productions
  • Magdelene Street Gallery. Group Show, Cambridge
  • 1969 Traverse Theatre Gallery, Group Show, Edinburgh
  • Lumley Cazalet Gallery, Group Show, London
  • Camden Arts Centre Group Show, London
  • Tib Lane Gallery, Group Show, Manchester
  • Royal Institute Galleries, Group Show F.I.B.A., London WI

1971

  • International Student House, One Person Show, London
  • Leicester Galleries. Group Show, London WI
  • Richard Demarco Gallery, Group Show, Edinburgh
  • Tib Lane Gallery, Group Show, Manchester

1972

  • Galleria Stellaria One Person Show, Florence
  • Zella 9 Gallery, Group Show, London
  • Art in Steel Exhibition, Group Show, Millbank, London
  • F.B.A. Galleries, Group Show, London SWI
  • Magdelene Gallery, Group Show, Cambridge

1973

  • Christopher Drake Gallery, Group Show, London
  • Kenwood House Museum, Two Person Show, London

Mounted by the Greater London Council

1974

  • Education Gallery, One Person Show, Leeds City Art Gallery
  • Willis Museum and Art Gallery. One Person Show, Basingstoke
  • Biennale della Grafica d'Arte, Florence, Italy representing Great Britain
  • Haworth Art Gallery, Accrington, One Person Show

1975

1976

1982

  • The Society of Graphic Artists
  • Hampstead Artists Council
  • Free Painters and Sculptors
  • Chelsea Art Society

Posthumous Exhibitions 1984 onwards

1984

  • Salute to Berenice Royal Academy. One Person Show, London
  • Exhibition of British Art, Abu Dhabi Group Show
  • Exhibition of British Art, Gulf of Bahrain, Group Show
  • British Council Paris, Group Show
  • Centenary Exhibition, Leicestershire Museum and Art Gallery, Group Show

1985

  • Homage à Berenice Sydney, Edwin Engelberts Galerie d'Art Contemporain, One Person Show, Geneva

1986

  • Christmas Exhibition' Lumley Cazalet Fine Art, Group Show, London

1987

  • Berenice Sydney, Gallery of British Contemporary Art, One Person Show

Lausanne 1988

One Person Show 1989

  • Women in Art, Bowmoore Gallery, Group Show, London

1990

  • Contemporary British Artists, Waterman Fine Art, Group Show, London

1991

  • The London Original Print Fair, Royal Academy of Art, London

Represented by Lumley Cazalet

  • From Fautrier to Rainer, La Galerie Michel Foex, Group Show, Geneva,

including Henri Michaux, Brice Marden, Ben Nicholson, Jean Fautrier

1992

  • Homage to the British Artist Berenice Sydney, Galerie Nelly L'Epattenier, One Person Show, Lausanne

1993

  • Homage à Berenice, L'Exemplaire, Geneva, One Person Show
  • The London Original Print Fair, The Royal Academy of Art, Represented by Peter Black

1994

  • Berenice Sydney, L'Exemplaire, Geneva, One Person Show

1995

  • Art'95 Contemporary British Art Fair, London
  • Milan, Book Print Fair Group
  • The Chelsea Art Society Group Exhibition
  • A private exhibition of rare and original European prints l8th-20th century at Austin Desmonds, Campbell Fine Art

1996

  • L'Exemplaire, Geneva, One person show

1998

  • Girls, Girls, Girls, Deborah Bates Gallery, London

2002

2006

  • Watercolours and Drawings Fair, James Kinmont Fine Art and John Iddon Fine Art, Royal Academy, London
  • Chelsea Art Fair, John Iddon Fine Art, Royal Hospital, Chelsea, London
  • Exhibition 9 paintings from the Orbit series, Modern British Artists, London

2008

  • Watercolours and Drawings Fair, Modern Works on Paper, James Kinmont Fine Art, Royal Academy, London
  • Chelsea Art Fair, John Iddon Fine Art, Chelsea Old Town Hall, London

Public collections[edit]

Museums and Galleries[edit]

Public and University Collections[edit]

Corporate and Commercial Collections[edit]

Private Collections[edit]

  • John Jacobs, Curator of Historic Museums and Director of the Iveagh Bequest Kenwood House London
  • Galeria Peters, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Private Collections, San Francisco, California, USA
  • Private Collection, Washington D.C., USA
  • Private Collection, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Private Collection, New York City, USA
  • Private Collection, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Patrick Cramer, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Michel Foex, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Darius Dabatabay, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Lady Noel Annesly, England
  • Christopher Johnston Collection, England
  • Mr. and Mrs. Hariton Embiricos, Greece
  • Sueo Mitsuma, Tokyo
  • Lord Alistair McAlpine, England
  • Linda Talbot, England
  • 4 Private Collections, Sydney, Australia

References[edit]

  1. ^ The papers of Berenice Sydney (TGA 200711), Tate Archive, The Archive of British Art since 1900, London
  2. ^ Buckman, David Artists in Britain Since 1945 (Art Dictionaries Ltd; Enl Upd edition: October 2006) ISBN 0-9532609-5-X ISBN 978-0-9532609-5-9
  3. ^ a b Max Wykes-Joyce, "Berenice Sydney", 'Arts Review', March 1984
  4. ^ a b Florian Rodari Homage to Berenice Sydney, Edwin Engelberts, Galerie Art Contemporain, Geneva 1985