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For the surname, see Beretta (surname). For the automobile, see Chevrolet Beretta. For the headgear, see Biretta.
Fabbrica D' Armi Pietro Beretta S.p.A.
Industry Firearms
Founded 1526
Headquarters Brescia, Italy
Products Firearms, weapons
Parent Beretta Holding S.p.A.
Website (USA) (Military)

Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta [ˈfabbrika ˈdarmi ˈpjɛtro beˈretta] is an Italian-based multinational firearms manufacturer. Their firearms are used worldwide for a variety of civilian, law enforcement, and military purposes. It is also known for manufacturing shooting clothes and accessories. Founded in the 16th century, Beretta is the oldest active manufacturer of firearm components in the world. Their original products were arquebus barrels.


Beretta has been owned by the same family for five hundred years. The Beretta company was established in 1526,[1] when gunsmith Maestro Bartolomeo Beretta[2] of Gardone Val Trompia (Brescia, Lombardy, Italy) was paid 296 ducats for 185 arquebus barrels by the Arsenal of Venice.[3] The bills of sale for the order of those barrels are in the firm's archive.

In 1918, the Beretta Model 1918 was the second submachine gun the Italian army fielded. Beretta manufactured rifles and pistols for the Italian military until the 1943 Armistice between Italy and the Allied forces during World War II. With the Wehrmacht's control of northern Italy, the Germans seized Beretta and continued producing arms until the 1945 German surrender in Italy. In that time, the quality of the exterior finish of the weapons diminished and was much inferior to both the pre-war and mid-war weapons, but their operation remained excellent.[4] The last shipment of Type I rifles left Venice for Japan in a U-boat in 1942.

After World War II, Beretta was actively involved in repairing the American M1 Garands given to Italy by the U.S. Beretta modified the M1 into the Beretta BM-59 rifle, which is similar to the M14 battle rifle; armourers consider the BM-59 rifle to be superior to the M14 rifle in some ways, because it is more accurate under certain conditions.[5]

After the war, Beretta continued to develop firearms for the Italian Army and police, as well as the civilian market.

In the 1980s, Beretta enjoyed a renewal of popularity in North America after its Beretta 92 pistol was selected as the service handgun for the United States Army under the designation of "M9 pistol". In the 1970s, Beretta also started a manufacturing plant in São Paulo, Brazil. A contract between Beretta and the Brazilian government was signed, under which Beretta produced Beretta 92s for the Brazilian Army until 1980. Later this plant was sold to Taurus who continues to manufacture the Beretta 92 under the name of PT92 using the same tools and labour which Beretta used without the need for a license from Beretta since their design is based on the original Beretta 92.

Beretta acquired several domestic competitors (notably Benelli and Franchi) and some foreign companies (notably in Finland) in the late 1980s.


Today, the company is owned and is run by Ugo Gussalli Beretta and his sons, Franco and Pietro. The traditional father-to-son Beretta dynasty was interrupted when Ugo Gussalli Beretta assumed the firm's control; uncles Carlo and Giuseppe Beretta were childless; Ugo married into the Beretta family and adopted the last name Beretta. His sons are now direct descendents through their mother's side of the family.

Beretta is known for its broad range of firearms: side-by-side shotguns, over-and-under shotguns, hunting rifles, express rifles, assault rifles, submachine guns, lever and bolt-action rifles, single and double action revolvers and semi-automatic pistols. The parent company, Beretta Holding, also owns Beretta USA, Benelli, Franchi, SAKO, Stoeger, Tikka, Uberti, and the Burris Optics company.

The model Beretta 92FS is the primary side arm of the United States Army, Marine Corps and Air Force, designated the M9 pistol. In 1985, Beretta was chosen after a controversial competition to produce the M9, winning a contract for 500,000 pistols. A condition of the original agreement was domestic fabrication of the M9.


Beretta USA was founded in 1977 and based in Accokeek, Maryland. It manufactures military, police, and civilian pistols.[6] In May 2013 the company announced that, despite disagreements with the State of Maryland over recently enacted changes to Maryland gun control laws it would not relocate its Accokeek facility.[7] The facility employs around 400 workers.[6]

In January 2014 Beretta announced the construction of a design and production facility in Gallatin, Tennessee to expand its US operations.[6] The US$ 45 million facility is scheduled to be completed in 2014 and will employ another 300 workers.[8] CEO of Beretta Ugo Beretta personally visited the site and stated regarding the new facility, "In return for our investment in jobs, facilities, and assistance to the local economy, we ask for respect and a supportive business climate. We deserve such respect. We make the standard sidearm for the U.S. armed forces. We also make firearms that police and consumers use to save their lives and the lives of others."[8]

On July 22, 2014, in a reversal of their 2013 decision to keep some operations in Accokeek, Beretta announced that it would move all manufacturing operations from Maryland to the new Gallatin facility, which was originally expected to manufacture machinery and new products only. Beretta stated that the decision was in response to further restrictions on firearms manufacturing being considered by the Maryland Legislature.[9]

Other divisions include:

Product lines[edit]

Semi-automatic pistols[edit]



Rifles and carbines[edit]

Assault rifles[edit]

Submachine guns[edit]

Machine Pistols[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Bartolomeo Beretta" Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. ^ The Beretta Story at the official website.
  4. ^ "Beretta International". Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c Noble, Andrea. "Beretta building firearms plant in Tennessee worries Maryland". Washington Times. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Despite threats, Beretta plans to stay in Maryland for now. On 1/29/2014 Beretta announced it will build a manufacturing and R & D facility in the Nashville Tennessee area.". May 24, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Staff (April 2014). "Beretta sets sights on tennessee". American Rifleman 162 (4): 28. 
  9. ^ Ward, Gehtan (July 22, 2014). "Beretta USA to move all manufacturing to Gallatin". The Tennessean (Nashville, TN: Gannett). Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  10. ^

External links[edit]