Bergün

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Bergün/Bravuogn
Bergün/Bravuogn -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Bergün/Bravuogn
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
46°37′N 9°45′E / 46.617°N 9.750°E / 46.617; 9.750Coordinates: 46°37′N 9°45′E / 46.617°N 9.750°E / 46.617; 9.750
Population 449 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 3 /km2 (8 /sq mi)
Area 145.65 km2 (56.24 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,367 m (4,485 ft)
Postal code 7482
SFOS number 3521
Localities Bergün, Latsch, Stuls, Preda
Surrounded by Bever, Davos, Filisur, La Punt-Chamues-ch, Samedan, S-chanf, Tinizong-Rona, Wiesen, Zuoz
Twin towns Hallau (Switzerland)
Website www.berguen.ch
SFSO statistics
Bergün/Bravuogn is located in Switzerland
Bergün/Bravuogn
Bergün/Bravuogn

Bergün/Bravuogn (German: Bergün, Romansh: Bravuogn), is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The double name (German/Romansh) has been the official name since 1943.

History[edit]

Bergün/Bravuogn is first mentioned in 1209 as de Bregonio.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bergün

Bergün/Bravuogn has an area, as of 2006, of 145.6 km2 (56.2 sq mi). Of this area, 21.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (57.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Bergün sub-district of the Albula district. It is located on the Albula river and along the Albula pass road.

It consists of the linear village of Bergün/Bravuogn and the settlements of Latsch (on the right side terrace above the river) and Stugl/Stuls. Latsch joined the municipality in 1912 and Stugl/Stuls joined in 1920. From Stugl/Stuls towards Albula pass the settlement of Preda can be found which became a temporary village when the Albula railway tunnel was built between 1898 and 1903. Lai da Palpuogna, a mountain lake, is located between Preda and Albula Pass. Until 1943 Bergün/Bravuogn was known as Bergün.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Bergün/Bravuogn has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 449.[1] As of 2008, 11.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -10.2%.

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (31.6%), the FDP (19.1%) and the CVP (6.3%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Bergün/Bravuogn about 74.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Bergün/Bravuogn has an unemployment rate of 1.48%. As of 2005, there were 59 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 58 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 11 businesses in this sector. 153 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 36 businesses in this sector.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 56.4% male and 43.6% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Bergün/Bravuogn is; 53 people or 10.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 36 people or 6.9% are 10 to 14, and 38 people or 7.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 62 people or 11.9% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 77 people or 14.8% are 30 to 39, 81 people or 15.6% are 40 to 49, and 56 people or 10.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 45 people or 8.7% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 38 people or 7.3% are 70 to 79, there are 28 people or 5.4% who are 80 to 89, there are 5 people or 1.0% who are 90 to 99, and 1 person or 0.2% who is 100 or more.[7]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1571 542
1803 495
1850 637
1900 1,537
1950 608
1970 451
1980 459
1990 480
2000 715

Languages[edit]

In the 2000 census, the inhabitants claimed the following languages: German 83.9%, Romansh 10.6%, Italian 3.1%.[4] The Romansch speakers have their own spoken dialect and write Putér. Until the 19th century, this was the common tongue of most of the population (as of 1880, 80.4%). But Romansche quickly lost ground (as of 1910, only 57.62%). Then, the process stabilized until World War II (as of 1941, still 53.6% Romansch-speaking). Since then, the loss of Romansch has sped up.


Languages in Bergün/Bravuogn
Language 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000 Census
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 251 54.68% 350 72.92% 436 83.85%
Romansh 158 34.42% 101 21.04% 55 10.58%
Italian 40 8.71% 21 4.38% 16 3.08%
Population 459 100% 480 100% 520 100%

German is the only official language for municipality business although 26.7% of the population understands Romansch.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The municipal church and the Chasa Jenatsch with its barn are listed as heritage sites of national significance.[8]

The park area of Ela Parc includes the whole of the Albula valley and invites hikers into an unspoilt landscape; hopes of the people from Bergün to join international tourism after the building of the railway to St. Moritz proved not to develop, so the Kurhaus Bergün remained the only Hotel built in 1905/06, allowing the village to remain rather unspoilt.[9] This very Albula Railway instead became a UNESCO World Heritage Site itself in 2008.

Transportation[edit]

Bergün/Bravuogn (Rhaetian Railway station) is located just to the north of the village. Postbus also operate buses though Bergün/Bravuogn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Bergün/Bravuogn in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 24-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 24-Sep-2009
  9. ^ Hiking Switzerland Ela Parc, Graubünden on official Graubünden tourism board

External links[edit]