Bergapten

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bergapten
Bergapten.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
4-methoxy-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one
Clinical data
Legal status
?
Routes Oral
Identifiers
CAS number 484-20-8 YesY
ATC code D05BA03
PubChem CID 2355
ChemSpider 2265 YesY
UNII 4FVK84C92X YesY
KEGG D07521 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:18293 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL24171 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C12H8O4 
Mol. mass 216.19 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen) is a psoralen (also known as furocoumarins) found in bergamot essential oil, in other citrus essential oils,[1] and in grapefruit juice.[2] It is the chemical in bergamot oil that causes phototoxicity.[3] Bergapten-free bergamot essential oil or synthetics are now used in perfumery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Calvarano I., Calvarano M., Gionfriddo F., Bovalo F., Postorino E. (1995). "HPLC profile of citrus essential oils from different species and geographic origin". Essenze Derivati agrumari 65: 488–502. 
  2. ^ Sakamaki N., Nakazato M., Matsumoto H., Hagino K., Hirata K., Ushiyama H. (2008). "Contents of furanocoumarins in grapefruit juice and health foods". Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan 49 (4): 326–331. doi:10.3358/shokueishi.49.326. PMID 18787320. 
  3. ^ Francesco Gionfriddo, Enrico Postorino and Giuseppe Calabrò (2004). "Elimination of Furocoumarins in Bergamot Peel Oil". Perfumer & Flavorist 29.