Bergisches Land

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Bergisches Land, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
view on the woods of Burg with a typical Bergisches farmerhouse
Iuliacensis et Montensis Ducatus, 1645, by Blaeu

The Bergisches Land (Country of Berg or Land of Berg) is a low mountain range region within the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, east of Rhine river, south of the Ruhr. The landscape is shaped by woods, meadows, rivers and creeks and contains over 20 artificial lakes.[1] Wuppertal is the biggest town and seen as the region's capital, whereas the southern part nowaday has closer economic and socio-cultural ties to Cologne.

History[edit]

Bergisches Land used to be territory of the County of Berg, which later became the Duchy of Berg, who gave the region its name.[2] The Duchy was dissolved in 1815 and in 1822 the region became part of the Prussian Rhine Province.

Amongst the population today, a sense of belonging to the region Bergisches Land is notable in the hilly northern part, but not much anymore in the areas near the Cologne Bight, the Ruhr area or the city of Düsseldorf.

Economic upswing[edit]

The region became famous during the period of its early industralisation in the 19th century. At that time Wupper Valley was a historical Silicon Valley. Its twin cities Barmen and Elberfeld were the trading- and industrial capitals of Prussia at that time. This economic upswing caused the expansion of the Ruhrgebiet as coal-mining area and gave birth to research on, and the theoretical underlining of social entrepreneurship and socialism: Friedrich Engels was born in Barmen to a textile mill owner.[3]

After the industrial downturn from the 1960s on, the region lost importance but cooperations by Bergisches Land entrepreneurs, active citizens and politicians are recently[when?] bringing back some regional awareness and economic power.[4]

Cities and districts[edit]

City/district affiliation Part of the dukedom Berg (1789) Part of the Bergisches Land in local awareness
Wappen Bad Honnef.svg Bad Honnef Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X
DEU Bergisch Gladbach COA.svg Bergisch Gladbach Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
DEU Bergneustadt COA.jpg Bergneustadt Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Burscheid COA.jpg Burscheid Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
Wappen der Landeshauptstadt Duesseldorf.svg Düsseldorf no affiliation X
Eitorf Wappen.png Eitorf Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
DEU Engelskirchen COA.jpg Engelskirchen Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Erkrath COA.svg Erkrath Kreis Mettmann X X
DEU Gummersbach COA.jpg Gummersbach Oberbergischer Kreis X
DEU Haan COA.svg Haan Kreis Mettmann X X
DEU Heiligenhaus COA.svg Heiligenhaus Kreis Mettmann X X
Hennef Wappen.png Hennef Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
DEU Hilden COA.svg Hilden Kreis Mettmann X X
Wappen-hue.jpg Hückeswagen Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Kuerten COA.png Kürten Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
DEU Langenfeld COA.svg Langenfeld Kreis Mettmann X X
Wappen von Leichlingen.png Leichlingen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
DEU Leverkusen COA.svg Leverkusen no affiliation X X
Wappen-lind.jpg Lindlar Oberbergischer Kreis X X
Wappen Lohmar.jpg Lohmar Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
Wappen-mareineheide.jpg Marienheide Oberbergischer Kreis X
DEU Mettmann COA.svg Mettmann Kreis Mettmann X X
DEU Monheim COA.png Monheim Kreis Mettmann X X
Wappen-mors.jpg Morsbach Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Much COA.gif Much Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
DEU Muelheim an der Ruhr COA.svg Mülheim an der Ruhr no affiliation X
Neunkirchen-Seelscheid Wappen.png Neunkirchen-Seelscheid Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
Wappen niederkassel.jpg Niederkassel Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X
Wappennuemb.jpg Nümbrecht Oberbergischer Kreis X
Wappen Odenthal.png Odenthal Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
Wappen Overath.png Overath Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
DEU Ratingen COA.svg Ratingen Kreis Mettmann X X
Radevormwald Wappen.png Radevormwald Oberbergischer Kreis X X
Wappen-reichshof.jpg Reichshof Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Remscheid COA.svg Remscheid no affiliation X X
Wappen Roesrath.png Rösrath Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
Wappen Ruppichteroth.png Ruppichteroth Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
DEU Sankt Augustin COA.svg Sankt Augustin Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X
Wappen Siegburg.png Siegburg Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X
Solingen wappen.svg Solingen no affiliation X X
Wappen Troisdorf.svg Troisdorf Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X
DEU Velbert COA.svg Velbert Kreis Mettmann X X
Wappen-waldbroel.jpg Waldbröl Oberbergischer Kreis X X
Stadtwappen Wermelskirchen 72px.jpg Wermelskirchen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis X X
Wappenwiehl.png Wiehl Oberbergischer Kreis X
Windeck wappen 0.1.jpg Windeck Rhein-Sieg-Kreis X X
DEU Wipperfuerth COA.svg Wipperfürth Oberbergischer Kreis X X
DEU Wülfrath COA.svg Wülfrath Kreis Mettmann X X
Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Wuppertal.png Wuppertal no affiliation X X

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "North Rhine-Westfalia experience, Bergisches Land". tourismus NRW. Retrieved 2001-11-20. 
  2. ^ Claudia Tenten. "Die Grafen von Berg". Retrieved 2001-11-20. 
  3. ^ Prof. Dr. Klaus Tenfelde. ""Das Ruhrgebiet! Von der Steinzeit bis zur Kulturhauptsatdt 2010" part 2". Retrieved 2001-11-20. 
  4. ^ "Cooperation "Bergian City Triangle"". Kompetenz Hoch3. Retrieved 2001-11-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°03′00″N 7°18′25″E / 51.05000°N 7.30694°E / 51.05000; 7.30694