Berkeley ferryboat and USS Dolphin at San Diego Maritime Museum
|Owner:||Southern Pacific Railroad|
|Builder:||Union Iron Works|
|Launched:||18 October 1898|
|Out of service:||1958|
|Length:||279 ft (85 m)|
|Beam:||64 ft (20 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft (2.7 m)|
|Installed power:||triple-expansion steam engine 1,450 hp (1,080 kW)|
|Location||San Diego, California|
|Architect||Union Iron Works|
|Governing body||Maritime Museum of San Diego|
|NRHP Reference #||90002220|
|Added to NRHP||December 14, 1990|
|Designated NHL||December 14, 1990|
Berkeley was one of several ferryboats of the Southern Pacific Railroad that for sixty years operated on San Francisco Bay between the Oakland Pier and the San Francisco Ferry Building. Built in 1898 by the Union Iron Works of San Francisco, she served after the 1906 earthquake, ferrying refugees across the bay to Oakland.
Berkeley was in regular service beginning in 1898. On October 3, 1900, Berkeley was leaving her dock in San Francisco, when she collided with the coastal passenger liner SS Columbia. Due to a misunderstanding of signals, Captain Blaker of Berkeley thought that his ship would be able to pass in front of Columbia while the larger liner was travelling forward at a slow speed towards her dock. When the realization came that Berkeley would not be able to overcome the massive Columbia, it was too late. Despite both ships reversing thrust, the two ships collided. The collision resulted in the destruction of one lifeboat onboard Berkeley and badly injured Columbia's iron bow. The ferryboat Newark took over for Berkeley, while the latter ship was undergoing repairs. The damage caused to Berkeley was less severe than the damage given to Columbia.
In the spring of 1958, she was taken out of service for repairs. She never returned to service, as Southern Pacific decided to end all ferry service on July 29, 1958. Berkeley was put up for sale, and was purchased by the Golden Gate Fishing Company to be used as a whaling processing facility. Before she was put to this use, however, she was sold to ferryboat enthusiast and businessman Bill Conover. Conover had Berkeley docked in Sausalito, a small town on the Bay in Marin County, and converted her into a gift shop called "Trade Fair". However, Berkeley was not well-maintained in her gift shop incarnation and 12 years of serious deterioration took a toll. In 1973, she was sold to the Maritime Museum of San Diego. She was towed out of San Francisco Bay by tug on May 31, 1973 arriving 3 days later in San Diego where she was subsequently restored. She currently serves as the main "building" of the Maritime Museum of San Diego.
Berkeley was notable for having been the first propeller-driven ferry on the west coast. At the time of her launching on October 18, 1898, she became the largest commuter ferryboat in the United States with a 1700 passenger capacity. She was also remarkable for being one of the earliest ferries to be powered by a triple-expansion steam engine.
During the time she was docked in Sausalito, actor Sterling Hayden rented one of Berkeley's pilot houses as an office while he wrote his autobiography Wanderer (published in 1963).
While Berkeley was under construction in 1898, the battleship USS Wisconsin (BB-9) was being constructed adjacent to her.
- "California Historical Landmark: San Diego County". Office of Historic Preservation. California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Berkeley (ferry)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- "Berkeley and Columbia Come Together Off Ferry Slip - San Francisco Call, Volume 87, Number 125". Archive. California Digital Newspaper Collection. 3 October 1900. p. 5. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Berkeley: A Pioneering West Coast Ferryboat", in Mains'l Haul Spring 2004 (entire issue) Vol.40, No.2, published by the Maritime Museum of San Diego.
- "Steam Ferry Berkeley An 1898 steam ferryboat from San Francisco Bay". Retrieved 2012-08-24.
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