Berkeley Heights, New Jersey

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Berkeley Heights, New Jersey
Township
Township of Berkeley Heights
Berkeley Heights NJ shopping center in town.jpg
Official seal of Berkeley Heights, New Jersey
Seal
Motto: "A Great Place to Live"
Map of Berkeley Heights in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Berkeley Heights in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Berkeley Heights, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Berkeley Heights, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°40′35″N 74°25′30″W / 40.676393°N 74.425027°W / 40.676393; -74.425027Coordinates: 40°40′35″N 74°25′30″W / 40.676393°N 74.425027°W / 40.676393; -74.425027[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated November 8, 1809 (as New Providence Township)
Renamed November 6, 1951 (as Berkeley Heights Township)
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council-Administrator)
 • Mayor Joseph G. Bruno (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Linda Lordi Cavanaugh (as of June 2013)[4]
 • Clerk Ana Minkoff [5]
Area[1]
 • Total 6.266 sq mi (16.229 km2)
 • Land 6.211 sq mi (16.087 km2)
 • Water 0.055 sq mi (0.142 km2)  0.88%
Area rank 252nd of 566 in state
6th of 21 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 394 ft (120 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 13,183
 • Estimate (2013[12]) 13,466
 • Rank 189th of 566 in state
15th of 21 in county[13]
 • Density 2,122.4/sq mi (819.5/km2)
 • Density rank 283rd of 566 in state
20th of 21 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07922[14][15]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3403905320[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882218[1][18]
Website Official site
Photo of street.
Plainfield Avenue.

Berkeley Heights is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 13,183,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 224 (-1.7%) from the 13,407 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,427 (+11.9%) from the 11,980 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Berkeley Heights was originally incorporated as New Providence Township by the New Jersey Legislature on November 8, 1809, from portions of Springfield Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. New Providence Township became part of the newly formed Union County at its creation on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township were taken on March 23, 1869, to create Summit, and on March 14, 1899, to form the borough of New Providence. On November 6, 1951, the name of the township was changed to Berkeley Heights, based on the results of a referendum held that day.[20]

In Money magazine's 2013 Best Places to Live rankings, Berkeley Heights was ranked 6th in the nation, the highest among the three places in New Jersey included in the top 50 list.[21][22] The magazine's 2007 list had the township ranked 45th out of a potential 2,800 places in the United States with populations above 7,500 and under 50,000.[23]

In its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places to Live", New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Berkeley Heights as the 19th best place to live in New Jersey.[24] In its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Berkeley Heights as the 59th best place to live in New Jersey.[25]

Geography[edit]

Berkeley Heights is located at 40°40′35″N 74°25′30″W / 40.676393°N 74.425027°W / 40.676393; -74.425027 (40.676393,-74.425027). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 6.266 square miles (16.229 km2), of which, 6.211 square miles (16.087 km2) of it was land and 0.055 square miles (0.142 km2) of it (0.88%) was water.[1][2] Certain portions of Berkeley Heights are located in various flood zones. Residential homes, as well as some commercial areas along Berkeley Heights’ downtown Springfield Avenue area, have been known to be completely submerged in poor weather.[26]

The township is located partially on the crest of the Second Watchung Mountain and in the Passaic River Valley, aptly named as the Passaic River forms the township's northern border. Berkeley Heights is located in northwestern Union County, at the confluence of Union, Morris, and Somerset Counties. Berkeley Heights is bordered by New Providence and Summit to the east, Scotch Plains to the southeast, Chatham to the north, Watchung to the south, and Warren Township and Long Hill Township to the west.

Downtown[edit]

Downtown Berkeley Heights is located along Springfield Avenue, approximately between the intersections with Plainfield Avenue and Snyder Avenue. In addition, a post office, the Municipal Building, police station, train station, Walgreens, Stop & Shop and other shops and services are located in this downtown section.

A brick walk with personalized bricks engraved with the names of many long-time Berkeley Heights residents runs from near the railroad station towards New York Marts grocery store (slated to open in Summer 2014). A memorial to the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks adjoins a wooded area alongside Park Avenue, just southwest of downtown.

History[edit]

The Lenape Native Americans were known to inhabit the region, including the area now known as Berkeley Heights, dating back to the 1524 voyage of Giovanni da Verrazzano to what is now the lower New York Bay.

The earliest construction in Berkeley Heights began in an area that is now part of the 1,960 acres (7.9 km2) Watchung Reservation, a Union County park that includes 305 acres (1.23 km2) of the township.[27]

The first European settler was Peter Willcox, who received a 424 acres (1.72 km2) land grant in 1720 from the Elizabethtown Associates. This group bought much of northern New Jersey from the Lenape in the late 17th century. Willcox built a grist and lumber mill across Green Brook.[28]

In 1793, a regional government was formed. It encompassed the area from present-day Springfield Township, Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights, and was called Springfield Township. Growth continued in the area, and by 1809, Springfield Township divided into Springfield Township and New Providence Township, which included present day Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights.[20]

In 1845, Mr. Willcox's heirs sold the mill to David Felt, a paper manufacturer from New York. Felt built a small village around the mill aptly named Feltville. It included homes for workers and their families, dormitories, orchards, a post office and a general store with a second floor church.[28]

Little Flower Catholic Church next to the Berkeley Heights Public Library.

In 1860, Feltville was sold to sarsaparilla makers. Other manufacturing operations continued until Feltville went into bankruptcy in 1882. When residents moved away, the area became known as Deserted Village. Village remains consist of seven houses, a store, the mill and a barn. Deserted Village is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is undergoing restoration by the Union County Parks Department. Restoration grants of almost $2 million were received from various state agencies.[29] Deserted Village, in the Watchung Reservation, is open daily for unguided walking tours during daylight hours.

On March 23, 1869, Summit Township (now the City of Summit) seceded from New Providence Township. On March 14, 1899, the Borough of New Providence seceded from New Providence Township. Present day Berkeley Heights remained as New Providence Township.[20] Many of the townships and regional areas in New Jersey were separating into small, locally governed communities at that time due to acts of the New Jersey Legislature that made it economically advantageous for the communities to due so.

Due to confusion between the adjacent municipalities of the Borough of New Providence and the Township of New Providence, the township conducted a referendum in 1952 and voted to change the name to Berkeley Heights Township. The origin of the township's name has never been fully established, but is believed to have been taken from an area of town that was referred to by this moniker, which itself was assumed to be derived from Lord John Berkeley, who was co-proprietor of New Jersey from 1664 to 1674.[30]

Early life in Berkeley Heights is documented in the Littell-Lord Farmhouse Museum & Farmstead (31 Horseshoe Road in Berkeley Heights), an 18-acre (73,000 m2) museum surrounding two houses, one of which was built in the 1750s and the other near the start of the 19th century.

Among the exhibits are a Victorian master bedroom and a Victorian children's room, furnished with period antiques. The children's room also has reproductions of antique toys, which visitors can play with. The museum, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, also includes an outbuilding that was used as a summer kitchen, a corncrib dating to the 19th century and a spring house built around a spring and used for refrigeration.[31] The museum is open 2-4 p.m. on the third Sunday of each month from April through December, or by appointment.

The township owes its rural character to its late development. Until 1941, when the American Telephone and Telegraph Company built the AT&T Bell Laboratories research facility in the township, it was a sleepy farming and resort community.[28]

Berkeley Heights is host to a traditional religious procession and feast carried out by members of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Society. The feast is capped by one of the largest fireworks shows in the state. The Feast of Mt. Carmel has been a town tradition since 1909.[32]

In February, 2014, the illegal drug trade arrived in Berkeley Heights. In what the county prosecutor’s office dubbed, “Operation Raw Deal,” authorities seized Heroin having an estimated street value of $7,500 and Methylone, also known as “Molly,” with the estimated street value of $9,112. The Molly production facility was operating for an extended period of time in Berkeley Heights according to authorities and was part of a larger drug ring. Charges resulting from the drug raid included numerous very serious offenses, among them: maintaining a Heroin production facility, unlawful possession of an assault rifle, endangering the welfare of a child, and possession of a firearm while committing a drug offense.[33]

Free Acres[edit]

Another early Berkeley Heights community of note is the 67-acre (270,000 m2) Free Acres, established in 1910 by Bolton Hall, a New York entrepreneur and reformer who believed in the idea of Henry George, the economist, of single taxation, under which residents pay tax to the community, which, in turn, pays a lump sum to the municipality. Among the early residents of Free Acres were the actor James Cagney and his wife, Billie.[28]

Residents of Free Acres pay tax to their association, which maintains its streets and swimming pool, approves architectural changes to homes and pays a lump sum in taxes to the municipality.[28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 756
1820 768 1.6%
1830 903 17.6%
1840 832 −7.9%
1850 1,216 46.2%
1860 1,308 7.6%
1870 934 * −28.6%
1880 781 −16.4%
1890 839 7.4%
1900 469 * −44.1%
1910 526 12.2%
1920 954 81.4%
1930 1,899 99.1%
1940 2,194 15.5%
1950 3,466 58.0%
1960 8,721 151.6%
1970 13,078 50.0%
1980 12,549 −4.0%
1990 11,980 −4.5%
2000 13,407 11.9%
2010 13,183 −1.7%
Est. 2013 13,466 [12] 2.1%
Population sources:1810-1920[34]
1840[35] 1850[36] 1860-1870[37]
1870[38] 1880-1890[39]
1890-1910[40] 1910-1930[41]
1930-1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,183 people, 4,470 households, and 3,580 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,122.4 per square mile (819.5/km2). There were 4,596 housing units at an average density of 739.9 per square mile (285.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 85.64% (11,290) White, 1.49% (197) Black or African American, 0.02% (3) Native American, 10.43% (1,375) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.75% (99) from other races, and 1.66% (219) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.12% (675) of the population.[8]

There were 4,470 households, of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.9% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.26.[8]

In the township, 26.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $132,089 (with a margin of error of +/- $11,331) and the median family income was $150,105 (+/- $17,689). Males had a median income of $105,733 (+/- $10,158) versus $55,545 (+/- $11,985) for females. The per capita income for the township was $56,737 (+/- $5,135). About 0.8% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 0.7% of those age 65 or over.[45]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 13,407 people, 4,479 households, and 3,717 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,140.7 people per square mile (826.9/km2). There were 4,562 housing units at an average density of 728.4 per square mile (281.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.65% White, 1.11% African American, 0.08% Native American, 7.87% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.68% of the population.[43][44]

There were 4,479 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.0% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.21.[43][44]

A giant flag flies over the intersection of Plainfield and Springfield avenues.

In the township the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township was $107,716, and the median income for a family was $118,862. Males had a median income of $83,175 versus $50,022 for females. The per capita income for the township was $43,981. About 1.5% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.[43][44]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Plainfield Avenue.

In accordance with a ballot question that was passed in November 2005, Berkeley Heights switched from a Township Committee form to a Mayor-Council-Administrator form of government under the Faulkner Act.[6] The switch took effect on January 1, 2007. In the fall 2006 elections all seats were open. Under the new form of government, the mayor is directly elected to a four-year term. The Township Committee has been replaced with a Township Council consisting of six members elected to staggered, three-year terms. With all six Township Council seats open in 2006, two councilpersons were elected to one-year terms, after which those seats were open for three-year terms in 2007. Two other seats were open for two-year terms in 2006. The final two were open for three-year terms from the beginning. The responsibilities of the Township Administrator are unchanged.[46]®

As of 2013, the Mayor of Berkeley Heights is Joseph G. Bruno, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2014.[47] Members of the Township Council are Council President Kevin Hall (R, 2015), Council Vice President Jeanne Kingsley (R, 2014), Edward J. Delia (2013), Craig S. Pastore (R, 2015), Tom Pirone (2013) and Bob Woodruff (R, 2014).[48][49][50][51]

The first Township Council under the new form of government was elected in November 2006; accordingly, the Township Committee ceased to exist on December 31, 2006, and the Township Council was inaugurated on January 1, 2007.

In the 2006 election, the Republican nominees were David Cohen for mayor, Louis DiPasquale and John Haddad for three-year terms on the Council, Elaine Perna and Joseph Bruno for two-year Council terms, and David Ronner and Thomas Pirone for one-year terms. The Democrats did not run a mayoral candidate, but did field four Township Council candidates: Thomas Battaglia and Charles Hasz for three-year terms, Alexandra Chirinos for a two-year term, and John Bonacci for a one-year term. In addition, John Miller ran for mayor as an independent write-in candidate. Cohen won the election for mayor. The race between Battaglia and Haddad was very close; in a recount, Battaglia won by 10 votes. The other winning Council candidates were DiPasquale, Perna, Bruno, Pirone, and Bonacci; the Township Council consisted of four Republicans and two Democrats. Cohen, DiPasquale, Perna, Bruno, and Ronner were sitting Township Committee members in 2006; Battaglia sat on the Committee in the 1990s. Ronner was the only Township Committee incumbent who was unseated.

On January 1, 2007, the Township Council elected Elaine Perna Council President, after Mayor Cohen broke a tie vote and defeated Louis DiPasquale's candidacy for the presidency. The Council then elected Joseph Bruno Council vice president. The Council president has no authority other than to chair Council meetings in the mayor's absence; the Council vice president chairs meetings in the absence of both the mayor and the Council president. If all three officials are absent, then the remaining Council members must choose a temporary presiding officer.

The Berkeley Heights Municipal Building is located at 29 Park Avenue.

Local politics in Berkeley Heights is sometimes not without animosity. After an exchange between Berkeley Heights police Chief Michael Mathis and Mayor Joseph Bruno during the summer of 2014, Chief Mathis went to court in order to try to keep his job. Mathis claimed in his lawsuit that Mayor Bruno was forcing Mathis to leave the police force, in part because of a comment Mathis reportedly made about the arrest of one of Bruno's family members. Things became heated according to certain of the documents filed in court, which included an e-mail in which Bruno claims Mathis used an obscenity to describe him.

According to the lawsuit, Mathis sent an email to the mayor on June 16, 2014, stating he planned to retire on July 1. Mathis stated in his suit that his proposed resignation was a result of the mayor's alleged failure to honor promises and issues with the chief's salary among other things. The following day, Mayor Bruno notified the township council that he accepted the chief's resignation and Mathis also sent an email to the council, describing his reasons for leaving. Mathis later reconsidered his decision, and he withdrew a retirement application he had filed with the New Jersey Division of Pension and Benefits.

Mathis continued reporting to work, but after about a week, township business administrator Linda Cavanaugh confronted Mathis with an executive order, appointing another officer as "Officer-in-Charge" of the department. Cavanaugh said she was to take the chief's badge and service weapon, but the chief refused to relinquish them. The final arguments in the case are not expected before December, 2014.[52]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Berkeley Heights is located in the 7th Congressional District[53] and is part of New Jersey's 21st state legislative district.[9][54][55]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[56] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[57][58] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[59][60]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 21st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Thomas Kean, Jr. (R, Westfield) and in the General Assembly by Jon Bramnick (R, Westfield) and Nancy Munoz (R, Summit).[61][62] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[63] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[64]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[65] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[66] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[67] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[68] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[69] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[70] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[71] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[72] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[73] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[74][75] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[76] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[77] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[78][79] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[80]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,070 registered voters in Berkeley Heights Township, of which 2,060 (22.7% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,282 (36.2% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 3,723 (41.0% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[81] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 68.8% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 94.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[81][82]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 3,897 votes here (57.3% vs. 32.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,799 votes (41.1% vs. 66.0%) and other candidates with 76 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,802 ballots cast by the township's 9,400 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.4% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[83][84] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 4,011 votes here (55.3% vs. 35.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,094 votes (42.7% vs. 63.1%) and other candidates with 93 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 7,248 ballots cast by the township's 9,375 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.3% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[85] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,146 votes here (57.1% vs. 40.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 3,019 votes (41.6% vs. 58.3%) and other candidates with 60 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 7,258 ballots cast by the township's 9,121 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.6% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[86]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 3,136 votes here (60.0% vs. 41.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,589 votes (30.4% vs. 50.6%), Independent Chris Daggett with 409 votes (7.8% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 32 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 5,223 ballots cast by the township's 9,201 registered voters, yielding a 56.8% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[87]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Columbia Middle School on Plainfield Avenue.

The Berkeley Heights Public Schools serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[88]) are Mary Kay McMillin Early Childhood Center[89] (PreK-1st grade; 338 students), Thomas P. Hughes Elementary School[90] (2-5; 189), Mountain Park Elementary School[91] (2-5; 156), William Woodruff Elementary School[92] (2-5; 147), Columbia Middle School[93] (6-8; 606) and Governor Livingston High School[94] (9-12; 669 students).[95]

The high school serves public school students of Berkeley Heights Township, along with those from neighboring Borough of Mountainside who are educated at the high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Mountainside School District.[96] Governor Livingston also provides programs for deaf, hard of hearing and cognitively-impaired students who are enrolled from all over north-central New Jersey.

A woodsy area.

Governor Livingston was the 36th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 24th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.[97]

Private schools[edit]

There are three private pre-Kindergarten schools in Berkeley Heights. The Westminster Nursery School is located at the corner of Plainfield Avenue and Mountain Avenue, the Union Village Nursery is located bordering Warren Township at the corner of Mountain Avenue and Hillcrest Road, and the Diamond Hill Montessori is located along Diamond Hill Road opposite McMane Avenue.

There are no primary or secondary private schools in Berkeley Heights.

Civic amenities[edit]

Health[edit]

The Summit Medical Group, located on Mountain Avenue, is the main medical facility in Berkeley Heights.[98]

Public library[edit]

Library entrance.
Interior view of the library.

The Berkeley Heights Public Library at 290 Plainfield Avenue,[99] next to the Church of the Little Flower and across from the Columbia Middle School, is a member of the Infolink region of libraries, the Morris Union Federation (MUF) and the Middlesex Union Reciprocal Agreement Libraries (MURAL).[100] The library catalog is available online.

Police, fire, and emergency services[edit]

Police station and parking lot next to the train station.

The Berkeley Heights Police Department is located at the Municipal Building, 29 Park Avenue.[101] This is also the location of the Berkeley Heights Municipal Court.

The Berkeley Heights Volunteer Rescue Squad, founded in 1942, is located at the corner of Snyder Avenue and Locust Avenue. The closest trauma centers are Morristown Medical Center (in Morristown) and University Hospital in Newark. The closest hospital emergency room is Overlook Hospital in Summit. The all-volunteer Rescue Squad provides emergency medical services to the township seven days per week. As of the summer of 2011 the squad had over 50 members including more than 35 certified EMTs. The squad also enlists college students and has an active high school cadet program. In 2010 the rescue squad responded to nearly 600 calls for assistance.[102]

The Berkeley Heights Fire Department is a volunteer fire department with 40 members that operate out of a fire station located at 411 Hamilton Avenue, across from the intersection of Roosevelt Avenue. The department has three engines, one ladder truck, a rescue truck with the Jaws of Life, an air truck, and several support vehicles. In 2010 the department responded to 665 calls.[103]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Peppertown park near the train station.
Memorial park.
Playing field.

Located in Berkeley Heights are many municipal parks, including the largest one, Columbia Park (located along Plainfield Avenue). Columbia Park boasts tennis courts, two baseball fields, basketball courts, and a large children's play area. It is operated by the Recreation Commission. In addition to those located at each of the schools, athletic fields are located along Horseshoe Road (Sansone Field) and along Springfield Avenue (Passaic River Park).

There are three swimming clubs located in Berkeley Heights: the Berkeley Heights Community Pool (Locust Avenue), the Berkeley Swim Club (behind Columbia Park), and Berkeley Aquatic (off of Springfield Avenue). In May 2013, by a 4-1 margin, township voters rejected a proposed new location for the Berkeley Aquatic Club that would have been situated just across the township border with Warren Township.[104]

The Watchung Reservation and Passaic Valley Park are in the township and maintained by Union County. The Watchung Reservation has hiking trails, horseback riding trails, a large lake (Lake Surprise), the Deserted Village of Feltville, and picnic areas.[105]

Feltville

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 65.73 miles (105.78 km) of roadways, of which 50.46 miles (81.21 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.11 miles (19.49 km) by Union County and 3.16 miles (5.09 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[106]

The major roads in Berkeley Heights are Springfield Avenue, Mountain Avenue, Snyder Avenue, Plainfield Avenue, and Park Avenue. Springfield Avenue and Mountain Avenue run east-west, Snyder Avenue and Plainfield Avenue run north-south, while Park Avenue runs northeast-southwest. Each of these roads is heavily residential (except parts of Springfield Avenue) with only one travel lane in each direction.

Berkeley Heights is served by Interstate 78, which runs from the Holland Tunnel to the Pennsylvania state line.

Public transportation[edit]

Commuter train tracks headed eastbound to New York City.
Train station.

New Jersey Transit provide service at the Berkeley Heights station[107] serving Hoboken Terminal, Newark Broad Street Station, and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan as part of the Gladstone Branch. Berkeley Heights is also in close proximity of the Summit train station, which provides frequent commuter rail service to New York City.

NJ Transit offers local bus service on the 986 route.[108] Lakeland Bus Lines also provides commuter bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and a connection to Gladstone.

Freight rail transportation had been provided by Norfolk Southern via off-peak use of New Jersey Transit's Gladstone Branch line until a final run on November 7, 2008, after 126 years of service. The Berkeley Heights plant of Reheis Chemical located on Snyder Avenue was the last freight customer on the Gladstone Branch, receiving shipments of hydrochloric acid.[109]

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 18 miles (29 km) east of Berkeley Heights.

Business and industry[edit]

  • Berkeley Heights is home to the Murray Hill Bell Labs headquarters of Alcatel-Lucent. The transistor, solar cell, and laser were invented in this facility when it was part of AT&T.
  • Berkeley Heights is also home to L'Oréal USA's New Jersey headquarters.[110]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Berkeley Heights include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Keill, Liz. "Berkeley Heights Council Adopts Budget; Talks Begin on Seceding from Union County", The Alternative Press, May 9, 2013. "The council adopted a resolution to appoint Linda Lordi Cavanaugh as township administrator effective June 5, 2013."
  5. ^ Contact Us, Berkeley Heights Township. Accessed May 5, 2013.
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  109. ^ Reilly, Frank T. "Last freight leaves Stirling station ", Eoes-Sentinel, November 14, 2008. Accessed August 26, 2013. "One-hundred twenty-six years of freight service on the NJ Transit Gladstone Branch came to an end on Friday morning, Nov. 7, when Norfolk Southern Railway locomotive 3010 hauled six tank cars from the last remaining freight customer on that branch, ending railroad freight service in southern Morris and northwestern Union counties.... But the sole customer, Reheis Chemical in Berkeley Heights, needed large tank cars of hydrochloric acid, a very profitable commodity for the railroad."
  110. ^ O'Neill, Erin Eileen. "L'Oreal moves into 'second headquarters' in Berkeley Heights", The Star Ledger, September 30, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011. "L’Oréal has nearly completed consolidating a handful of its New Jersey operations into a new Berkeley Heights office complex near Route 78. The 156,000 square-foot facility, located in the Connell Corporate Park, can accommodate about 600 employees. More than 400 staff members from L’Oréal USA’s offices in Clark, Cranbury, Cranford, South Brunswick and Westfield, as well as some employees from the cosmetic giant’s U.S. headquarters in Manhattan, are working on the color-themed floors of the four-story building."
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  112. ^ Allen, Maury. YANKEES: Where Have You Gone? By Maury Allen, p. 164, Sports Publishing LLC, 2004. ISBN 1-58261-719-8. Accessed February 27, 2011. "'I grew up in Massachusetts and I was a Red Sox fan of course,' said Balboni from his home in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey."
  113. ^ Graney, Jen. "EMO: Bedlight for Blue Eyes (6/28)", City Newspaper, June 25, 2008, backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 29, 2008. Accessed January 6, 2012. "This Berkeley Heights band (which I keep dyslexically thinking of as Bluelight for Bed Eyes) plays straightforward emo rock. If an emo formula exists, Bedlight follows it."
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  116. ^ Keill, Liz. "Chatham Playhouse ‘Glengarry Glen Ross’ delivers Mamet's rapid dialogue in story of sales office gone awry", Independent Press, March 9, 2011. Accessed July 3, 2011. "David Cantor of Berkeley Heights, Robert Mackasek of Union and Michael King of New Providence, from left, play real estate brokers chasing a sale, in the Chatham Players' production of David Mamet's Glengarry Glen Ross, directed by Chase Newhart of Chatham."
  117. ^ Staff. "Music Best Bets", [[Courier News (New Jersey)|]], May 8, 2003. Accessed February 27, 2011. "Jazz and progressive bluegrass great John Carlini of Berkeley Heights will perform with his quartet Friday at Watchung Arts Center, 18 Stirling Road."
  118. ^ Meet Ron Chen, New Jersey Department of the Public Advocate, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 8, 2009. Accessed January 6, 2012. "A child of Chinese immigrants who came to this country after World War II, Chen has lived most of his life in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey."
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  120. ^ LePoidevin, Michelle H. "From Berkeley Heights to Berkeley, Gimple Finds Justice With ‘Fillmore!’", The Westfield Leader, September 26, 2002, p. 24. Accessed February 27, 2011. "As the Creator and Executive Producer of Walt Disney Television Animation’s new Saturday morning program, Fillmore!, Berkeley Heights native Scott Gimple has brought a new duo of crime-solving intermediate school superheroes to the screen – minus the violence.... Gimple, who attended fifth grade through senior year in Berkeley Heights, graduated Governor Livingston High School."
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  124. ^ "Satellite Scientist: John Robinson Pierce", The New York Times, August 13, 1960. Accessed June 4, 2007. "Then he drove thirty-five miles to his home on McMane Avenue, Berkeley Heights, N.J."
  125. ^ Kamin, Arthur Z. "State Becomes a Part of Celebrating Marconi's Achievements", The New York Times, October 23, 1994. Accessed July 24, 2013. "The recipient in 1979 was Dr. John R. Pierce, then of the California Institute of Technology who had been with AT&T Bell Laboratories at Murray Hill and at Holmdel. Dr. Pierce had lived in Berkeley Heights and now lives in Palo Alto, Calif."
  126. ^ Lohr, Steve. "Dennis Ritchie, Trailblazer in Digital Era, Dies at 70", The New York Times, October 14, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2011. "Dennis M. Ritchie, who helped shape the modern digital era by creating software tools that power things as diverse as search engines like Google and smartphones, was found dead on Wednesday at his home in Berkeley Heights, N.J. He was 70."
  127. ^ Famous Women Authors: Bertha Runkle. Accessed February 27, 2011. "The mind of Miss Bertha Runkle was first stimulated to literary expression at Berkeley Heights, New Jersey ; a small place, a quiet place, and a distinctly suburban place..."
  128. ^ Peter Sagal, National Public Radio. Accessed February 27, 2011. "A native of Berkeley Heights, N.J., he attended Harvard University and subsequently squandered that education while working as a literary manager for a regional theater, a stage director, an actor, an extra in a Michael Jackson video, a travel writer, an essayist, a ghost writer for a former adult film impresario and a staff writer for a motorcycle magazine."
  129. ^ Gurewitsch, Matthew. "Realizing a Musical Dickensian Dream", The New York Times, September 16, 2008. Accessed February 27, 2011. "Still in grade school in Berkeley Heights, N.J., Ms. Santoriello got a first taste of Broadway when her mother took her to Shenandoah and the first revival of The King and I, still starring Yul Brynner."
  130. ^ Staff. "Zenon Snylyk, former editor of The Weekly, Svoboda, passes away at age 69", The Ukrainian Weekly, February 4, 2002. Accessed February 27, 2011. "Mr. Snylyk passed away in the early morning hours of January 21 at his home in Berkeley Heights, N.J."

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