Berkeley L. Bunker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Berkeley L. Bunker
BerkeleyBunker.jpg
United States Senator
from Nevada
In office
November 27, 1940 – December 6, 1942
Preceded by Key Pittman
Succeeded by James G. Scrugham
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nevada's At-Large district
In office
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1947
Preceded by Maurice J. Sullivan
Succeeded by Charles H. Russell
Personal details
Born (1906-08-12)August 12, 1906
St. Thomas, Nevada
Died January 21, 1999(1999-01-21) (aged 92)
Las Vegas, Nevada
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lucile Whitehead
Profession Insurance
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)

Berkeley Lloyd Bunker (August 12, 1906 – January 21, 1999) was a United States Senator and Representative from Nevada.

Early life[edit]

Born in what was then St. Thomas, Clark County, Nevada (now a northern arm of Lake Mead), he attended public schools, graduating from Clark County High School in 1926. Bunker married Lucile Whitehead, then entered the tire and oil business in Las Vegas in 1934.

Career[edit]

The Democrat Bunker was a member of the Nevada Assembly from 1936 to 1941, serving as speaker in 1939. When United States Senator Key Pittman died just after reelection in 1940, many candidates sought to be appointed as replacement. On November 26, Governor Edward P. Carville surprised the state and appointed Bunker as Pittman's replacement for the term ending January 3, 1941, and also for the term ending January 3, 1947 serving until December 6, 1942 when a duly elected successor qualified.[1]

The young new senator, whom Carville likely chose as a compromise candidate because (as an observer later said) "Nobody was mad at Berkeley Bunker", later claimed to be the "most surprised man in the state" as he had not asked for the job. Bunker was the first southern Nevadan, and first Nevadan Mormon, to serve in federal office.[1] As a Senator he made headlines by accusing Basic Magnesium of having negotiated a contract with the government to get exorbitant profits.[2]

Bunker lost to former governor James Scrugham in the Democratic primary for the 1942 special election, but was elected in 1944 as a Democrat to Nevada's only House seat, after defeating incumbent Maurice Sullivan in the primary and Republican former actor Rex Bell in the general election.[1] In 1946 He introduced a bill to incorporate Boulder City, Nevada removing it from Federal control, but the bill never made it out of committee.[3]

When Scrugham died in 1945 Carville resigned so Lieutenant Governor Vail Pittman would succeed him and appoint him to the vacancy. In what he later called "the biggest mistake of my political career", instead of running for reelection to the House, Bunker challenged Carville in the Democratic primary for the 1946 election; Bunker won, but according to fellow Democrats, he had committed what the Las Vegas Review-Journal later described as the "heinous crime of political ingratitude, becoming a party pariah". Observers expected Bunker to easily defeat Republican George Malone, but the Democratic vote was divided and Malone won.[1]

Bunker became a hotel manager, then joined his brother in founding the Bunker Brothers mortuary. Bunker ran for Lieutenant Governor in 1962 but lost to Republican Paul Laxalt, in part because former Carville supporters still disliked his defeat of their candidate in 1946.[1]

Death[edit]

Lucile Bunker died in 1988, and her widower married Della Lee in 1989. Bunker died in 1999[1] and was interred in Bunkers Eden Vale Cemetery. He was the last living person who had served as a Senator during the time FDR was president. Berkeley L. Bunker Elementary School in Las Vegas is named after him.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Bunker was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He served a mission for the church in the southern United States after high school and before his marriage. After his time in the Senate Bunker served as bishop of a LDS ward in Las Vegas, and was involved with the building of the Las Vegas Nevada Temple.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Evans, K.J. (7 February 1999). "Berkeley Bunker". Las Vegas Review Journal. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Anaconda Magnesium - TIME
  3. ^ KNPB Online: The Nevada Experience: Boulder City
  4. ^ Berkeley L


United States Senate
Preceded by
Key Pittman
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Nevada
1940–1942
Served alongside: Pat McCarran
Succeeded by
James G. Scrugham
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Maurice J. Sullivan
United States House of Representatives, Nevada At-Large
1945–1947
Succeeded by
Charles H. Russell
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Joseph H. Ball
Minnesota
Most Senior Living U.S. Senator (Sitting or Former)
December 18, 1993 – January 21, 1999
Succeeded by
Russell B. Long
Louisiana
Preceded by
Joseph H. Ball
Minnesota
Youngest Member of the United States Senate
December 12, 1940 – December 6, 1942
Succeeded by
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
Massachusetts