Berkshire County, Massachusetts
|Berkshire County, Massachusetts|
Berkshire County Courthouse
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the U.S.
|• Total||946 sq mi (2,450 km2)|
|• Land||931 sq mi (2,411 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.59%|
|• Density||141/sq mi (54/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Berkshire County, pronounced Berk-sher, is a non-governmental county located on the western edge of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,219. Its largest city and traditional county seat is Pittsfield. The Berkshire Hills are centered on Berkshire County, and the county itself is often referred to simply as "the Berkshires".
Law and government
Of the fourteen Massachusetts counties, Berkshire County is one of seven that exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 2000. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council or commissioner. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. The towns of Berkshire County have formed such a regional compact known as the Berkshire Regional Planning Commission.
Berkshire County has three Registry of Deeds Districts, one for each district.
- Berkshire Northern District is located in Adams, MA and contains records for the city of North Adams and the towns of Adams, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Florida, Hancock, Lanesborough, New Ashford, Savoy, Williamstown, and Windsor.
- Berkshire Middle District is located in Pittsfield and contains records for the city of Pittsfield and the towns of Becket, Dalton, Hinsdale, Lee, Lenox, Otis, Peru, Richmond, Stockbridge, Tyringham and Washington.
- Berkshire Southern District is located in Great Barrington and contains records for the towns of Alford, Egremont, Great Barrington, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Marlborough, Sandisfield, Sheffield and West Stockbridge.
|County government: Berkshire County|
|Clerk of Courts:||Deborah S. Capeless|
|District Attorney:||David F. Capeless|
|Register of Deeds:||Frances T. Brooks (Northern District at Adams)
Patsy Harris (Middle District at Pittsfield)
Wanda M. Beckwith (Southern District at Great Barrington)
|Register of Probate:||Francis B. Marinaro|
|County Sheriff:||Thomas Bowler|
|State Representative(s):||4 Representatives: 
Gailanne Cariddi (D), First Berkshire
Paul Mark (D), Second Berkshire
Tricia Farley-Bouvier (D), Third Berkshire
William Smitty Pignatelli (D), Fourth Berkshire
|State Senator(s):||1 Senator: 
Benjamin B. Downing (D), Pittsfield
|Governor's Councilor(s):||Carole A. Fiola - District 1
Kelly A. Timilty - District 2
Marilyn M. Petitto Devaney - District 3
Christopher A. Iannella - District 4
Mary-Ellen Manning - District 5
Michael J. Callahan - District 6
Thomas J. Foley - District 7
Thomas T. Merrigan - District 8
|U.S. Representative(s):||Richard Neal (D-1st District)|
|U.S. Senators:||Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)|
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 13, 2010|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
Berkshire County has four (4) districts and elected Representatives in the Massachusetts House of Representatives.
- First Berkshire. - Consisting of the towns of Adams, Clarksburg, Florida, North Adams, Savoy and Williamstown, all in the county of Berkshire; and the towns of Charlemont, Hawley, Heath, Monroe and Rowe, all in the county of Franklin. Gailanne Cariddi (D) is the current Representative.
- Second Berkshire. - Consisting of the towns of Becket, Cheshire, Dalton, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, New Ashford, Peru, Richmond, Washington and Windsor, and precinct B of ward 1, of the city of Pittsfield, all in the county of Berkshire; the towns of Ashfield, Bernardston, Buckland, Colrain, Leyden, Northfield and Shelburne, all in the county of Franklin; and the towns of Cummington, Middlefield and Plainfield, all in the county of Hampshire. Paul Mark (D) is the current Representative.
- Third Berkshire. - Consisting of precinct A of ward 1, all precincts of wards 2, 3, 4, precinct A of ward 5, and all precincts of wards 6 and 7, of the city of Pittsfield, in the county of Berkshire. Christopher N. Speranzo (D), was the Representative, but has left for another position. A special election to fill his unexpired term has Tricia Farley-Bouvier (D) as the current representative.
- Fourth Berkshire. - Consisting of the towns of Alford, Egremont, Great Barrington, Lee, Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Marlborough, Otis, precinct 5B of the city of Pittsfield, the towns of Sandisfield, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham and West Stockbridge, all in the county of Berkshire; and the towns of Blandford, Chester and Tolland, all in the county of Hampden. William Smitty Pignatelli (D), is the current Representative.
Berkshire County is located in one (1) district for the Massachusetts Senate.
The district consist of all of Berkshire County and the following cities: Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, Westhampton, Williamsburg and Worthington, in the county of Hampshire; and Ashfield, Charlemont, Conway, Hawley, Heath, Monroe and Rowe, in the county of Franklin. Benjamin B. Downing (D), is the current Senator.
The Massachusetts Governor's Council, also known as the Executive Council, is composed of eight individuals elected from districts, and the Lt. Governor who serves ex officio. The eight councillors are elected from their respective districts every two years. Berkshire County is located in the 8th District.
The Council generally meets at noon on Wednesdays in its State House Chamber, next to the Governor's Office, to act on such issues as payments from the state treasury, criminal pardons and commutations, and approval of gubernatorial appointments; such as judges, notaries and justices of the peace.
See also the League of Women Voters of Massachusetts page on counties.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 946.27 square miles (2,450.8 km2), of which 931.32 square miles (2,412.1 km2) (or 98.42%) is land and 14.95 square miles (38.7 km2) (or 1.58%) is water. The highest natural point in Massachusetts, Mount Greylock at 3,492 feet (1,064 m) is located in Berkshire County.
Berkshire County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states; the other being Worcester County. The two counties are also the only ones to touch both the northern and southern state lines.
Running north-south through the county are the Hoosac Range of the Berkshire Hills in the eastern part of the county and the Taconic Mountains in the western part of the county. They are a source of pride for their beauty, and have marked the county's character. Due to their elevation, the Berkshires attract tourists and summer residents eager to escape the heat of the lowlands.
- Bennington County, Vermont (north)
- Franklin County (northeast)
- Hampshire County (east)
- Hampden County (southeast)
- Litchfield County, Connecticut (south)
- Dutchess County, New York (southwest)
- Columbia County, New York (west)
- Rensselaer County, New York (northwest)
||Rensselaer County, New York||Bennington County, Vermont||Franklin County|
|Columbia County, New York||Hampshire County|
|Dutchess County, New York||Litchfield County, Connecticut||Hampden County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 134,953 people, 56,006 households, and 35,115 families residing in the county. The population density was 145 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 66,301 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (27/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.02% White, 1.99% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.5% were of Italian, 16.4% Irish, 10.8% French, 10.3% English, 8.0% Polish, 7.1% German, 5.8% American and 5.1% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.1% French as their first language.
There were 56,006 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.30% were non-families. 31.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,047, and the median income for a family was $50,162. Males had a median income of $36,692 versus $26,504 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,807. About 6.50% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.
Demographic breakdown by town
The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
|2012||75.8% 48,596||22.2% 14,209|
|2008||74.9% 49,558||22.5% 14,876|
|2004||73.1% 47,743||25.7% 16,806|
|2000||63.9% 37,934||26.6% 15,805|
In the last two U.S. Presidential elections, Berkshire County was Massachusetts's second-bluest county behind Suffolk County, which consists primarily of Boston. In 2004, the Bay State's native son John Kerry carried Berkshire by a massive 47.4% margin over incumbent President George W. Bush, with Kerry winning his home state by 25.2% over President Bush. In 2008, the county voted for Barack Obama by a 52.4% margin over John McCain, with Obama winning by 25.8% over McCain statewide. Obama won the county by an even larger margin of 53.6% in the 2012 election.
Berkshire County was originally inhabited by the Mahican (Muh-he-ka-neew) Native American tribe, until the early 18th century when the first English settlers and frontiersmen appeared around this time and began setting up farms and homesteads. On April 25, 1724 “The English finally paid the Indians 460 pounds, 3 barrels of cider, and 30 quarts of rum for what is today Berkshire County.” This deal exempted modern Sheffield, Stockbridge, Richmond and Lenox, which were collected at various other dates into English territory.
Berkshire County remained part of Hampshire County, Massachusetts until 1760, when it was divided off as a separate entity.
In the 19th century many of the towns of Berkshire County became popular with the country's elite as they built what they called "cottages" throughout the country side. The Gilded Age ended in the early 20th century with the income tax, World War I, and the Great Depression. In the 20th century some of these cottages were torn or burned down, while others became prep schools, historic sites, or bed-and-breakfast inns.
Today Berkshire is known throughout the East Coast and the country as the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. It includes Tanglewood to the Norman Rockwell museum, Mass MOCA and Hancock Shaker Village.
Cities, towns, and villages
- Great Barrington
- Housatonic (a village of Great Barrington)*
- Van Deusenville (a village of Great Barrington)*
- Berkshire (a village of Lanesborough)*
- Lenox Dale (a village of Lenox)*
- Monterey Shares services with Great Barrington
- Mount Washington
- New Ashford
- New Marlborough
- Clayton (a village of New Marlborough)*
- Hartsville (a village of New Marlborough)*
- Mill River (a village of New Marlborough)*
- Southfield (a village of New Marlborough)*
- North Adams
- Sheffield Shares services with Great Barrington
- Ashley Falls (a village of Sheffield)*
- Tyringham Shares many services with Lee
- Washington Shares services with Lenox
- West Stockbridge
*: Villages are census divisions, but have no separate legal existence from the towns they are in.
|North: Bennington County, Vermont|
|West: Rensselaer County, New York||Berkshire County||East: Franklin County, Massachusetts|
|West: Columbia County, New York||East: Hampshire County, Massachusetts|
|East: Hampden County, Massachusetts|
|South: Litchfield County, Connecticut°|
°: There is also a southern border with Dutchess County, New York, however this is in a forested area and there is no direct access to Berkshire County.
- Registry of Deeds (Massachusetts)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Berkshire County, Massachusetts
- USS Berkshire County (LST-288)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Northern Berkshire District Registry of Deeds. Sec.state.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 13, 2010" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2013-01-09.
- U.S. Election Atlas
- David H. Wood, 'Lenox Massachusetts Shire Town', (For the town: Lenox, 1969), p. 5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Berkshire County, Massachusetts.|
- Berkshires.org (Berkshire Vacation Site
- iBerkshires.com (news web site)
- BerkshireRecordDotCom (A Web site]
- Map of cities and towns of Massachusetts
- Wall & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. Map of Massachusetts. USA. New England. Counties - Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex and Norfolk, Boston - Suffolk,Plymouth, Bristol, Barnstable and Dukes (Cape Cod). Cities - Springfield, Worcester, Lowell, Lawrence, Haverhill, Newburyport, Salem, Lynn, Taunton, Fall River. New Bedford. These 1871 maps of the Counties and Cities are useful to see the roads and rail lines.
- Beers,D.G. 1872 Atlas of Essex County Map of Massachusetts Plate 5. Click on the map for a very large image. Also see detailed map of 1872 Essex County Plate 7.