Berlin, Holmes County, Ohio
Location of Berlin, Ohio
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
The village of Berlin - the oldest existing village in Holmes County - was first planned on July 2, 1816, by John Swigert, a native of Berlin, Germany. Swigert's plan provided for 108 lots to be arrayed along two streets, one north-south and the other, east-west. Another early settler, Joseph Troyer, hailed from Berlin, Pennsylvania and together Swigert and Troyer bestowed upon the new settlement the shared name of their respective home towns. Berlin is located at a high point in Holmes County and local legend holds that Swigert chose the site because, thus situated, the town could be more readily defended against Indian attack.
In 1818 a school was established in Berlin and in 1822 a post office. These were soon followed by Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist and Mennonite churches. Later, Amish settlers began to arrive. Berlin enjoyed commercial and industrial growth, and during the 19th century was home to machine shops, a foundry, blacksmith shops, a hat factory, hotels, an auction house and a variety of retail establishments. Berlin was described in 1833 as having 21 residential houses, 2 stores, 2 taverns and 1 physician.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Berlin, Holmes County, Ohio
- Gallagher, John S. and Patera, Alan H. The Post Offices of Ohio. The Depot, 1979, p. 129.
- "Area History". Berlin Village Info. Berlin Main Street Merchants. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, Or a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 93. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Zachariah, Holly; Josh Jarman (23 August 2008). "Amish Population is Growing, Shifting". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2008-10-25.