Karlshorst

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Karlshorst
Quarter of Berlin
Treskowallee
Treskowallee
Karlshorst  is located in Germany
Karlshorst
Karlshorst
Coordinates: 52°31′16″N 13°28′48″E / 52.52111°N 13.48000°E / 52.52111; 13.48000Coordinates: 52°31′16″N 13°28′48″E / 52.52111°N 13.48000°E / 52.52111; 13.48000
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Lichtenberg
Founded 1895
Area
 • Total 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Population (2008-12-31)
 • Total 21,057
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes (nr. 1102) 10318
Vehicle registration B

Karlshorst (literally meaning Karl's nest in German) is a locality in the borough of Lichtenberg in Berlin. It houses a harness racing track and the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin (HTW), the largest University of Applied Sciences in Berlin, and the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst.

History[edit]

German-Russian Museum
Karlshorst on May 9, 1945: Stumpff, Keitel, von Friedeburg

Established in 1895 as the Carlshorst mansion's colony, Karlshorst from 1901 had access to the railway line from Berlin to Breslau (today Wrocław, Poland) and developed to a quite affluent residential area, sometimes referred to as "Dahlem of the East". The locality encompasses the Waldsiedlung, a garden city laid out between 1919 and 1921 according to plans by Peter Behrens.

In April 1945, as the Red Army approached the Reich's capital, Marshal Georgy Zhukov, commander of the 1st Belorussian Front, established his headquarters at a former Wehrmacht officer's mess hall in Karlshorst, where on May 9, the unconditional surrender of the German forces was presented to Zhukov by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.

From 1945 to 1949 the building complex served as the headquarters of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. After the establishment of the German Democratic Republic it hosted the 6th Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade, the Soviets' "Berlin Brigade," until the last Russian soldiers left Karlshorst in 1994. The former headquarters has been made the home of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst (Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst) [1], formerly called the Capitulation Museum.

Original table and chairs as set up for the second signing of the Unconditional Surrender of the Germans

Transportation[edit]

Karlshorst has access to the Berlin S-Bahn network at Berlin-Karlshorst railway station, which is also served by RegionalExpress trains of the Deutsche Bahn.

Notable people[edit]

Born in Karlshorst[edit]

Dwelt in Karlshorst[edit]

The engineer Georg Knorr is buried at the Karlshorst cemetery.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]