Berlin-Marzahn concentration camp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°33′05″N 13°32′47″E / 52.55139°N 13.54639°E / 52.55139; 13.54639

Memorial stone on the nearby cemetery, commemorating the camp.

Berlin-Marzahn Rastplatz was a camp set up for Romani people in the Berlin suburb of Marzahn by Nazi authorities.

At 4 a.m. on 16 July 1936, prior to the opening of the 1936 Berlin Olympics, police began arresting all Romani people in Greater Berlin and forcibly relocated them to Marzahn, an open field in eastern Berlin sandwiched between a cemetery and a sewage dump.[1][2] Later, the prison would be surrounded by barbed wire and prisoners were subject to forced labour in armament plants.[1][2]

Eventually, the men from Marzahn would be sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp (in 1938), and women and children were sent to Auschwitz (in 1943).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Persecution of Roma (Gypsies) in Prewar Germany, 1933-1939". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b Friedlaender, Saul (1997). Nazi Germany and the Jews. I: The Years of Persecution, 1933-1939. New York: HarperCollins.  Friedlaender puts the date of the initial arrests at May 1936, not July

See also[edit]