Technical University of Berlin

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Technical University of Berlin
Technische Universität Berlin
Logo der Technischen Universität Berlin.svg
Motto Wir haben die Ideen für die Zukunft (German)
Motto in English We've got the brains for the future
Established 1770/1799/1879
1946
Type Public
Endowment State: EUR 268.6 Mio. (2011)[1]
External: EUR 158,9 Mio (2011)[1]
President Christian Thomsen (since 2014)
Admin. staff

8,070 (2012)[1]

Students 29,675 (SS 2012)[1]
Location Berlin, Germany
52°30′43″N 13°19′35″E / 52.51194°N 13.32639°E / 52.51194; 13.32639Coordinates: 52°30′43″N 13°19′35″E / 52.51194°N 13.32639°E / 52.51194; 13.32639
Campus Urban
Nobel Laureates 10[2][3][4]
Nickname TU Berlin
Affiliations TIME
TU9
EUA
CESAER
DFG
SEFI
PEGASUS
Website www.tu-berlin.de

The Technische Universität Berlin, known as TU Berlin for short and unofficially as the Technical University of Berlin or Berlin Institute of Technology, is a research university located in Berlin, Germany and one of the largest and most prestigious research and education institutions in Germany. The university was founded in 1879. It has the highest proportion of foreign students out of universities in Germany, with 20.9% in the summer semester of 2007, roughly 5,598 students. The university alumni and professor list include National Academies elections,[5] two National Medal of Science laureates[6][7] and ten Nobel Prize winners.[2][4][8]

The TU Berlin is a member of TU9, an incorporated society of the largest and most notable German institutes of technology and of the Top Industrial Managers for Europe[9] network, which allows for student exchanges between leading European engineering schools. It also belongs to the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research.[10] As of 2013, TU Berlin is ranked 41st (2012: 45th) in the world in the field of Engineering & Technology and 1st in Germany (46th worldwide) in Mathematics according to QS World University Rankings. [11] [12] The university is known for its high ranked engineering programmes, especially in mechanical engineering and engineering management.[13]

History[edit]

Northern front of the main building in 1895, considerably damaged in World War II and replaced by a modern front in the 1960s

The Technische Hochschule Berlin was formed on 1 April 1879 through the merger of the Berlin College of Civil Engineering (Bauakademie) and the Royal College for Vocational Studies (Königliche Gewerbeakademie), two independent Prussian founding colleges established in 1799 and 1821 respectively. Both colleges were merged by the Prussian government to form the "Royal Polytechnic University in Charlottenburg", named after the borough of Charlottenburg just outside Berlin where the Polytechnic was situated. Due to the efforts by professor Alois Riedler and Adolf Slaby, chairman of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) and the Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies (VDE), in 1899 the "Royal Technical College" was the first Technische Hochschule in Germany that awarded a doctorate, as well as the Diplom as standard degree for graduates.

In 1916 the long-standing Bergakademie Berlin, the Prussian mining academy created by the geologist Carl Abraham Gerhard in 1770 at the behest of King Frederick the Great, was affiliated with the "Polytechnic University in Berlin". Before becoming a part of the TU Berlin, the mining college had been, however, for several decades under the auspices of the Frederick William University (the present-day Humboldt University of Berlin), before it was spun out again in 1860. After Charlottenburg's adsorption into Greater Berlin in 1920 and Germany being turned into a Republic, the college became eventually known as the "Polytechnic University in Berlin". In 1927 the department of Geodesy of the "Agricultural College of Berlin" was incorporated into the "Berlin Polytechnic". During the 1930s, the redevelopment and expansion of the campus along the "East-West axis" were part of the Nazi plans of a Welthauptstadt Germania, including a new faculty of defense technology under General Karl Becker, built as part of greater Hochschulstadt university grounds in the western Grunewald forest. The shell construction remained unfinished after the outbreak of World War II and Becker's suicide in 1940, it is today covered by the large-scale Teufelsberg dumping.

TU Berlin Architecture Building in May 1968, with banners in protest against the adoption of the German Emergency Acts

The "Polytechnic University in Berlin" was finally shut down during the Battle of Berlin on 20 April 1945, however, an acting rectorship led by Gustav Ludwig Hertz and Max Volmer was already elected on June 2. As both Hertz and Volmer were concsripted to the Soviet Union, the college did not re-open until 9 April 1946, under the name of "Technische Universität Berlin". In general, the name is not translated into other languages. The English designation Berlin Institute of Technology is a semi-official translation which was established as a compromise in 2007. Nevertheless, the intuitive translation Technical University of Berlin remains the most common (although not official) name for the university in English, with the possible exception of the native German description (and of course the short form of TU Berlin).

Campus[edit]

Main building of TU Berlin from above (south side)
Entrance of the main library of Berlin Technical University and of the Berlin University of the Arts
Telefunken-Hochhaus, the tallest building on campus, with a bird's-eye-view cafeteria on floor 20.

The TU Berlin covers ca. 600,000 m², distributed over various locations in Berlin. The main campus is located in the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. The seven schools of the university have some 28,200 students enrolled in more than 50 subjects (January, 2009).[14]

El Gouna campus: Technische Universität Berlin has established a satellite campus in Egypt to act as a scientific and academic field office. The nonprofit public-private partnership (PPP) aims to offer services provided by Technische Universität Berlin at the campus in El Gouna on the Red Sea.[15]

Organization[edit]

Since 4 April 2005, the TU Berlin has consisted of the following schools:

  1. Humanities
  2. Mathematics and Natural Sciences
  3. Process Sciences and Engineering
  4. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  5. Mechanical Engineering and Transport Systems (including Aerospace engineering, Automotive engineering, naval and ocean engineering, and the planning and operation of transport systems)
  6. Planning – Building – Environment (merge of former schools of "Civil Engineering and Applied Geosciences" and "Architecture – Environment – Society")
  7. Economics and Management

Faculty and staff[edit]

7,601 people work at the university: 323 professors, 2,246 postgraduate researchers, and 2,078 personnel work in administration, the workshops, the library and the central facilities. In addition there are 2,301 student assistants and 142 trainees (March 2010).[16]

International student mobility is applicable through ERASMUS programme or through Top Industrial Managers for Europe (TIME) network.

Library[edit]

The new common main library of Technische Universität Berlin and of the Berlin University of the Arts was opened in 2004[17] and holds about 2.9 million volumes (2007).[18] The library building was sponsored partially (estimated 10% of the building costs) by Volkswagen and is named officially "University Library of the TU Berlin and UdK (in the Volkswagen building)".[19] Confusingly, the letters above the main entrance only state "Volkswagen Bibliothek" (German for "Volkswagen Library") – without any mentioning of the universities. All former 17 libraries of Technische Universität Berlin and of the nearby University of the Arts were merged into the new library, but several departments still retain libraries of their own. In particular, the school of 'Economics and Management' maintains a library with 340,000 volumes in the university's main building (Die Bibliothek – Wirtschaft & Management/″The Library″ – Economics and Management).

Notable alumni and professors[edit]

(Including those of the Academies mentioned under History)

Rankings[edit]

As of 2013, TU Berlin is ranked 41st (2011:46th, 2010: 48th) in the world in the field of Engineering & Technology according to QS World University Rankings. [11] In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2011, TU Berlin ranks 201-300 overall, as one of the top 100 universities worldwide in Chemistry and as one of the top 75 in Mathematics.

The TU Berlin is Germans highest ranked university in statistics and operations research according to QS World University Rankings.

See also[edit]

Other Universities in Berlin:

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]