Berlin Nordbahnhof

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This article is about the modern train station. For the old train station, see Berlin Old Nordbahnhof.
Berlin Nordbahnhof
(Berlin Stettiner Bahnhof)
S-Bahnhof Nordbahnhof
Operations
Category 4
Type Bf
DS100 code BNB
Station code 0532
Construction and location
Location Berlin
State Berlin
Country Germany
Local authority Mitte
List of railway stations in the Berlin area

Berlin Nordbahnhof (formerly Stettiner Bahnhof) is a railway station in the Mitte district of Berlin, Germany. It is served by the Berlin S-Bahn and local bus and tram lines.

History[edit]

Stettiner Bahnhof about 1875
Remains of the old station (2005)
Stettiner bahnhof about 1952

In 1842, the Stettiner Bahnhof opened as terminus of the railway line to then Pommeranian city of Stettin (Polish: Szczecin, since 1945 a part of Poland), connecting Berlin with the Stettin sea port, later also important for reaching the holiday resorts on the Baltic Sea (so-called Pomerania Riviera or more colloquial Berliners' bath tub). As the number of passengers increased rapidly, the station on Invalidenstraße became one of Berlin's busiest railway termini and had to be enlarged several times.

1877, the Stettiner Bahnhof also became the Berlin passenger train terminus of the Preußische Nordbahn (Prussian Northern Railway) to Stralsund via Neu-Strelitz, and later also to Rostock.

A special suburban station was built to the west of the mainline terminal, serving three suburban lines, to Bernau on the Berlin-Szczecin railway, to Oranienburg on the North Railway, and to Velten via Berlin-Tegel on the Kremmen Railway.

In 1939, these three suburban lines were paired with the three southern suburban lines to form three transversal lines, by means of the North-South S-Bahn link with a tunnel from Stettiner Bahnhof to Anhalter Bahnhof under the Berlin city centre. As part of opening of the first phase, the northern section, the present-day underground station of the S-Bahn opened on 28 May 1936. The new underground station replaced the former suburban railway station, whose railhead building can still be seen west of the Nordbahnhof on Zinnowitzer Straße. The new, underground, S-Bahn station was located East of the main building, with the tracks crossing from the west to the east under the approaches of the mainline tracks.

On 25 April 1945 the S-Bahn ceased operation due to the Soviet invasion, which had reached Berlin's suburbia on 21 April. Most likely on 2 May 1945 the SS exploded the tunnel ceiling under Landwehrkanal, which caused the subsequent flooding of the tunnel. After World War II the station itself was within the Soviet sector (East Berlin). After drainage and repair the tunnel and its stations reopened for traffic in November 1947.

Platform looking south

On 1 December 1950, the name of the formerly German town of Stettin was deleted by a renaming into Berlin Nordbahnhof. Since the rail lines leading to the station crossed the territories of West Berlin, it was closed by the GDR authorities on 18 May 1952 and finally demolished in 1962. The adjacent S-Bahn station remained under the name of Nordbahnhof. During the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany and East Berlin the S-Bahn, operated by the eastern Deutsche Reichsbahn, interrupted traffic between 17 June until 9 July 1953.

Between 13 August 1961, the day the Berlin Wall went up, and 1 September 1990 trains did not stop at the station, because it was located in East Berlin, the operating line nevertheless connecting northern and southern areas of West Berlin. So the Reichsbahn continued the operation of the line, but trains only stopped in those stations with entrances from West Berlin. Passengers in these trains experienced the empty and barely lit ghost station where time had stood still since 13 August 1961.

All entrances were closed until the station reopened on 1 September 1990. Soon after the station closed again. After a serious refurbish of one and a half years tunnel and station reopened on 1 March 1992. Nordbahnhof entrance hall was restored in 2006 including a new layout of the forecourt with indicated tracks and inset plaques bearing the destinations of the former trains to the Baltic coast.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Berlin S-Bahn   Following station
toward Wannsee
S1
toward Oranienburg
toward Blankenfelde
S2
toward Bernau
toward Teltow Stadt
S25
toward Hennigsdorf

Coordinates: 52°31′55″N 13°23′16″E / 52.53194°N 13.38778°E / 52.53194; 13.38778