Berlin Warschauer Straße station
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2013)|
S-Bahnhof Warschauer Straße
|Construction and location|
|List of railway stations in the Berlin area|
Berlin Warschauer Straße station is an S-Bahn and U-Bahn station, collectively known as S+U Warschauer Straße, named after Warsaw. It is located on Warschauer Straße on the northeastern bank of the river Spree in the Friedrichshain neighborhood of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district of Berlin, Germany. The two train stations as well as the street tram that terminates adjacent to the U-Bahn station together accommodate over 85,000 passengers daily.
The Warschauer Straße S-Bahn station is located on the eastern side of Warschauer Bridge. The station's current configuration consists of a temporary footbridge and two platforms, one for trains inbound towards the city center, the other outbound towards Ostkreuz and Lichtenberg. The first station building opened on 11 August 1884 and stood until 1903. The second station building, designed by Karl Cornelius, stood from 1903 until 1924. The third station building, designed by Richard Brademann and constructed in 1924, was heavily damaged due to the destruction of Warschauer Bridge during World War II and required extensive reconstruction and alteration.
The station remained largely unchanged for decades. Warschauer Straße station was reconstructed in 1983, and a new platform opened on 20 December 1986. This was in order to provide greater transport access to the increasingly developed northeast districts of the city, Neu-Hohenschönhausen and Marzahn. Due to a lack of maintenance, the station building developed acute structural defects and was closed in late 2004. Soon after, the station building and platform access were demolished in April 2005 and replaced with a temporary walkway and stairs.
As part of a long term renovation and reconstruction project for S-Bahn Ostkreuz, Warschauer Straße, and Ostbahnhof stations, a new reception building and two new central platforms are being built at S-Bahn Warschauer Straße station. March 2012 saw the removal from service and demolition of platforms B and C. The newly rebuilt platform B returned to operation in May 2013 with only one edge of the platform active. Construction planners initially planned to begin construction of the new entrance hall in the summer of 2013, with an opening in 2016. However, as of April 2014, no construction on the new hall has begun and it is therefore unclear when construction will be completed.
The U-Bahn station is the eastern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn line U1. Designed by Paul Wittig under contract with Siemens & Halske and opened on 17 August 1902 under the name Warschauer Brücke, the station was the first station of the Berlin elevated railway. The station consists of a 360 meter long and 26 meter wide brick viaduct.
The station was closed at the end of World War II and did not open again until 14 October 1945. Since the U-Bahn station is the only station of the U1 located in the eastern part of the city, with was again closed in 1961 due to the construction of the Berlin Wall.
Following German Reunification in 1990, the station underwent extensive reconstruction and was reopened on 14 October 1995. At the same time it was renamed Warschauer Straße in order to create uniformity with the adjacent Berlin S-Bahn station located 150 metres away.
In 1914, Berlin's elevated rail company planned to extend the rail line east to Frankfurter Allee to the location of today's Frankfurter Tor U-Bahn station. However, World War I and its aftermath prevented the execution of these plans. In 2011, Berlin city transport planners excluded such an extension in their development plan. At the same time, any plans to move the U-Bahn station to create a single interchange station were shelved. Instead, the Berlin Senate plans an extension of a footbridge linking the two stations.
The Oberbaumbrücke, the East Side Gallery as well as the new O2 World arena can be reached on foot. Three discotheqes are located in the basement vaults of the U-Bahn building: The Matrix Club, since 1996, one of the biggest venues in Berlin with up to nine bars and five dancefloors, the Narva Lounge and the Busche.
The station is served by the S-Bahn lines S5, S7 and S75, as well as the subway line U1. Access to tram lines M10 and M13, as well as the city bus is also locally possible.
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toward Strausberg Nord
toward Potsdam Hbf
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- Dr. Hans-Ulrich Stockhorst: U-Bahnhof Warschauer Straße vor und nach dem Mauerbau. In: Berliner Verkehrsblätter. Nr. 5, 2013, S. 85 f.