Berliner-Joyce XF3J

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XF3J
Berliner-Joyce XF3J-1.jpg
Role Fighter
National origin United States
Manufacturer Berliner-Joyce Aircraft
First flight 23 January 1934[1]
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 1

The Berliner-Joyce XF3J was an American biplane fighter, built by Berliner-Joyce Aircraft. It was submitted to the United States Navy for their request for a single-seat carrier-based fighter powered by a 625 hp (466 kW) Wright R-1510-26 engine.[1]

Development and design[edit]

The XF3J had elliptical fabric covered wings which gave it the appearance of a butterfly. The fuselage was semimonocoque metallic with an aluminum skin. The undercarriage was fixed, and would be the last biplane fighter without a retractable gear that the U.S. Navy would test. The aircraft performed satisfactorily in testing, but more promising aircraft had been developed and, in September 1935, the program was terminated.[1]

Specifications[edit]

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 22 ft 11 in (6.99 m)
  • Wingspan: 29 ft 0 in (8.84 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 9 in (3.28 m)
  • Wing area: 240 ft2 (22.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,717 lb (1,232 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4,016 lb (1,822 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1510-26, 625 hp ( kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 209 mph (336 km/h)
  • Range: 1,400 miles (2,253 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,500 ft (7,468 m)

Armament

  • 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns
  • 232 lb (105 kg) bombs

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Angelucci, 1987. pp.61-62.
Bibliography
  • Angelucci, Enzo (1987). The American Fighter from 1917 to the present. New York: Orion Books. pp. 61–62.