Bermuda Conference

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Bermuda conference

The Bermuda Conference was an international conference between the United Kingdom and the United States held from April 19, 1943 through April 30, 1943 at Hamilton, Bermuda. The topic of discussion was the question of Jewish refugees who had been liberated by Allied forces and those who still remained Nazi-occupied Europe. The only agreement made was that the war must be won against the Nazis. US immigration quotas were not raised nor was the British prohibition on Jewish refugees seeking refuge in the British Mandate of Palestine lifted.

The United States delegation was led by Dr. Harold W. Dodds.


A New York Times article dated April 30, 1943 and titled "Hopeful Hint Ends Bermuda Sessions"[1] stated that recommendations which were not capable of being accomplished under war conditions and which would most likely delay the war effort of the United Nations were rejected.

A week later, the American Zionist Committee for a Jewish Army ran an advertisement in the New York Times condemning the United States efforts at Bermuda for being a mockery of past promises to the Jewish people and of Jewish suffering under German Nazi occupation.[2]

Senator Harry S Truman withdrew his membership from the committee over what was perceived as an insult to members of the United States Senate who had been involved with the conference. As president, Truman went on to give the support Israel needed to be recognized as a state.

Szmul Zygielbojm, a member of the Jewish advisory body to the Polish government-in-exile, committed suicide in protest.

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  1. ^ "Hopeful Hint Ends Bermuda Sessions," New York Times, 30 April 1943, p. 9.
  2. ^ “To 5,000,000 Jews in the Nazi Death-Trap Bermuda was a Cruel Mockery,” New York Times, 04 May 1943, p. 17.

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