Bermudian Springs School District
|Bermudian Springs School District|
|7335 Carlisle Pike
York Springs, Pennsylvania , Adams County, 17372
|School board||9 locally elected board members|
|Superintendent||Dr. Shane Hotchkiss, Ed.D (Contract 12/2011- 12/2014 salary $114,000) |
|Administrator||Dr Michele Hartzell - Assistant Superintendent
Dr. Karen Jackson, Ed.D., Special Education Supervisor
|Principal||High- Mr. Roger Stroup|
|Principal||Middle - Dr. Wade Hunt|
|Principal||Elementary - Kathleen Myers|
|Vice principal||High- Mr. Jon DeFoe|
|Vice principal||Middle- Mr. Mark Fleming|
|Vice principal||Elementary- Ms. Faithe Rotz|
|Faculty||131.85 in 2011, 136 in 2010|
|Age||5 years old to 21 years for special education students|
|Pupils||2,084 in 2011, 2049 (2009–10)|
|Other||Enrollment projected to be 1811 pupils by 2020 |
|Athletics||York-Adams Interscholastic Athletic Association (YAIAA)Div 2–3|
|per pupil spending||$10,099 in 2008|
|Per pupil spending||$10,581.60 in 2010|
The Bermudian Springs School District is a small, rural, public school district created in 1970. Bermudian Springs School District encompasses approximately 75 square miles (190 km2). The district includes the Boroughs of East Berlin and York Springs, as well as the village of Idaville, Huntington Township, Latimore Township, Reading Township and a small part of Hamilton Township. The 1990 U.S. census totals showed these communities have over 11,500 inhabitants. According to 2007 local census data, it served a resident population of 13,077. In 2009, the District residents' per capita income was $16,811 a year, while the median family income was $40,063. According to District officials, in school year 2007–08 the Bermudian Springs School District provided basic educational services to 2,132 pupils through the employment of 137 teachers, 106 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 10 administrators. The Bermudian Springs School District received more than $9.3 million in state funding in school year 2007–08.
Bermudian Springs School District is located along Pennsylvania Route 94 (Carlisle Pike) outside of York Springs The district operates Bermudian Springs High School, Bermudian Springs Middle School and Bermudian Springs Elementary School. Prior to the construction of the current elementary school, the district oversaw elementary schools in the Boroughs of East Berlin and York Springs. The high school underwent a major renovation project that was completed in March 2008.
- 1 Governance
- 2 Academic achievement
- 3 Special education
- 4 Bullying and school safety
- 5 Teacher Evaluation program
- 6 Budget
- 6.1 State basic education funding
- 6.2 Accountability Block Grants
- 6.3 Classrooms for the Future grant
- 6.4 Federal Stimulus grant
- 6.5 Common Cents state initiative
- 6.6 Real estate taxes
- 6.7 Enrollment and Consolidation
- 7 Wellness policy
- 8 Extracurriculars
- 9 Intermediate Unit
- 10 External links
Bermudian Springs School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four-year terms) with over 743 employees, the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly. The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low-income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.
The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "F" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.
The district is served by the Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12 which offers a variety of services, including curriculum development assistance, shared services, a group purchasing program and a wide variety of special education and special needs services.
The Bermudian Springs School District was ranked 350th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts, in 2012, by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on student academic performance on the last three years of PSSA results in: reading, writing, mathematics and of science. 
- 2011 - 300th 
- 2010 – 289th 
- 2009 – 280th
- 2008 – 298th
- 2007 – 289th of 501 school districts by the Pittsburgh Business Times.
In 2012, the Pittsburgh Business Times also reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Bermudian Springs School District ranked 475th. In 2011, the district was 463rd.  The editor describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."
In 2012, Bermudian Springs School District declined to Warning status under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. In 2011 and 2010, Bermudian Springs School District achieved AYP status. In 2011, 94 percent of the 500 Pennsylvania Public School Districts achieved the No Child Left Behind Act progress level of 72% of students reading on grade level and 67% of students demonstrating on grade level math. In 2011, 46.9 percent of Pennsylvania school districts achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) based on student performance. An additional 37.8 percent of school districts made AYP based on a calculated method called safe harbor, 8.2 percent on the growth model and 0.8 percent on a two-year average performance.
In 2012, Bermudian Springs School District's graduation rate was 91%. In 2011, Bermudian Springs School District's graduation rate was 96%. In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Bermudian Springs School District's rate was 95% for 2010.
According to traditional graduation rate calculations:
Bermudian Springs High School is located at 7335 Carlisle Pike, York Springs. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 624 pupils in grades 9th through 12th, with 104 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch. The school employed 44 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 14:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 6 teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.
In 2012, Bermudian Springs High School declined to School Improvement I AYP status due to missing all academic metrics measured. In 2011, Bermudian Springs High School declined in Warning AYP status due to declining student achievement in mathematics and the low reading achievement. In 2010, the high school achieved AYP status.
- PSSA Results
- 11th Grade Reading:
- 2012 - 58% on grade level, (22% below basic). State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level.
- 2011 - 62.1% (17% below basic). State - 69.1% 
- 2010 – 58% (21% below basic). State - 67%
- 2009 – 64%, State – 65%
- 2008 – 67%, State – 65%
- 2007 – 69%, State – 65%
- 11th Grade Math:
- 2012 - 50% on grade level (27% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.
- 2011 - 53.6%, (27% below basic). State - 60.3%
- 2010 – 57% (22% below basic). State - 59% 
- 2009 – 52%, State – 56%
- 2008 – 62%, State – 56%
- 2007 – 60%, State – 53%
- 11th Grade Science:
- 2012 - 26% on grade level (15% below basic). State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level.
- 2011 - 32.5%, (18% below basic). State - 40%
- 2010 – 39% (16% below basic). State – 39%
- 2009 – 39%, State – 40%
- 2008 – 36%, State – 39%
College remediation: According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 32% of Bermudian Springs High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges. Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.
Dual enrollment – The high school does not offer the Pennsylvania dual enrollment program which permits students to earn deeply discounted college credits with the assistance of a state grant. Over 400 school districts in Pennsylvania offer their high school juniors and seniors the dual enrollment program.
From January to June 2011, 81 Bermudian Springs students took the SAT exams. The district's Verbal Average Score was 492. The Math average score was 499. The Writing average score was 484. Pennsylvania ranked 40th among state with SAT scores: Verbal - 493, Math - 501, Writing - 479. In the United States 1.65 million students took the exam in 2011. They averaged 497 (out of 800) verbal, 514 math and 489 in writing.
Drop Out intervention
The district offers students who have expressed an interest in dropping out of school an alternative placement. Students who meet the entrance criteria for the York County High School are able to enroll and complete their High School education.
By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.
Bermudian Springs School Board course requirements for graduation – 27 Credits. English – 4 credits, Math – 3 credits, Science – 3 credits, Social Studies – 4 credits, Health – 1 credit (grades 9 & 11), Physical Education – 2 credits (grades 9, 10, 11, & 12), Computer – 1/2 credit (grade 9), Driver Theory – 1/2 credit (grade 10), Electives – 9 credits, NOTES: Two (2) of the elective credits must be in the Arts and/or Humanities.
By Pennsylvania School Board regulations, for the graduating class of 2016, students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, English Composition, and Literature for which the Keystone Exams serve as the final course exams. Students’ Keystone Exam scores will count for at least one-third of the final course grade.
Bermudian Springs Middle School is located at 7335 Carlisle Pike, York Springs. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 665 pupils in grades 5th through 8th, with 194 pupils receiving a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to family poverty. The school employed 43 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 15:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.
In 2012, the Bermudian Springs Middle School declined to School Improvement I status due to continuing low student achievement. In 2011, the Bermudian Springs Middle School is in Warning status due to declining student achievement in reading. In 2010, the school achieved AYP status. In accordance with No Child Left Behind requirements, Bermudian Springs Middle School was required to notify parents of the inadequate student achievement and to offer the opportunity for district funded tutoring and a transfer to a better performing school within the district.
- PSSA Results
- 8th Grade Science:
- 2012 - 64% on grade level (17% below basic). State – 59% of 8th graders were on grade level.
- 2011 - 59.5% (22.6% below basic). State – 58.3%
- 2010 – 63% (19% below basic). State – 57% 
- 2009 – 57%, State – 55% 
- 2008 – 49%, State – 52%
5th Grade Reading:
5th Grade Math:
In 2010, Bermudian Springs administration conducted a midpoint review of the district's strategic plan for improving student achievement.
Bermudian Springs Elementary School is located at 7335 Carlisle Pike, York Springs. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 782 pupils in grades kindergarten through 4th, with 253 pupils receiving a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to family poverty. The school employed 49 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 16:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.
- PSSA Results
- 4th Grade Science
- 2012 - 82% (4% below basic), State – 82%
- 2011 - 82% (5% below basic), State – 82.9%
- 2010 - 83% (6% below basic), State - 81%
- 2009 - 88% (2% below basic), State - 83%
In December 2010, Bermudian Springs School District administration reported that 171 pupils or 6% of the district's pupils received Special Education services with 52% of the identified students having a specific learning disability. In December 2009, the district administration reported that 187 pupils or 9% of the district's pupils received Special Education services.
The District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Special Education Supervisor.
In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for Special Education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding. The Pennsylvania Special Education funding system assumes that 16% of the district’s students receive special education services. It also assumes that each student’s needs accrue the same level of costs. The state requires each district to have a three year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students. Overidentification of students, in order to increase state funding, has been an issue in the Commonwealth. Some districts have more than 20% of its students receiving special education services while others have 10% supported through special education.
Bermudian Springs School District received a $1,048,624 supplement for special education services in 2010. For the 2012-13 and 2011–12 school years, all Pennsylvania public school districts received the same level of funding for special education that they received in 2010–11. This level funding is provided regardless of changes in the number of pupils who need special education services and regardless of the level of services the respective students required.
LRE monitoring In 2009, Bermudian Springs School District was identified by the Pennsylvania Department of Education for Least Restrictive Environment monitoring. One hundred ninety six schools districts were selected in 2008-09. The district received an alert letter from the PDE - Bureau of Special Education. School districts were placed in one of three categories: Tier 1, Tier 2 or Tier 3. Bermudian Springs School District was placed in Tier 3 due to students spending more than 60% of the school day, outside of regular education. The monitoring is a product of the PDE addressing its voluntary settlement in Gaskin V. Pennsylvania which ordered that special education students spend most of their school day (80%) in regular education classrooms with supplementary aids and services to assist funded by the taxpayers. In 2010, the district was assigned to the Tier 3 monitoring list, due to students spending less than 40% of their day in a regular education classroom. The district received a letter of “Warning” letter from the Pennsylvania Department of Education.
The District Administration reported that 51 of its students or 2.46% were gifted in 2009. By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The primary emphasis is on enrichment and acceleration of the regular education curriculum. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.
Bullying and school safety
The Bermudian Springs School Administration reported there were no incidents of bullying occurring in the schools in 2009. Additionally, two students were assaulted and seven incidents of harassment occurred at the schools.
All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students. District administration are required to annually provide the following information with the district's Safe School Report: the board’s bullying policy, a report of bullying incidents in the school district, and information on the development and implementation of any bullying prevention, intervention or education programs. The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.
Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.
Teacher Evaluation program
By law, Pennsylvania’s public school teachers are evaluated achieving one of two ratings, satisfactory or unsatisfactory. The evaluation provides no meaningful feedback in areas where an educator could improve.
In June 2012, the Pennsylvania General Assembly established the new evaluation method, is to be implemented in the 2013-14 school year, will include multiple measures of student achievement, such as the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment, the Pennsylvania Value Added Assessment System, graduation and promotion rates, as well as other elective data to be determined at the local level.
Bermudian Springs School District did not volunteer to participate in the state's pilot project with the Pennsylvania Department of Education to develop statewide policy, tools and processes to evaluate teachers and principals in which student achievement is a significant factor affecting performance ratings. Secretary of Education Ron Tomalis announced that 104 K-12 entities, including nine career and technical centers, nine charter schools and nine intermediate units, signed-up to participate in the new teacher and principal evaluation pilot program. The initiative is funded by a Gates Momentum grant. During the 2011-12 school year, more than 120 school districts, charter schools, intermediate units, and career and technology centers participated in the second implementation phase of the new teacher evaluation tool. This included more than 650 supervisors and nearly 5,000 teachers in 366 school buildings participating in the pilot project.
The final phase of the updated public education professionals evaluation system will be implemented during the 2012-13 school year with 264 local education agencies, consisting of 1,387 school buildings, 1,892 principals/supervisors and more than 31,600 teachers included In advocating for the new evaluation system, Secretary of Education Ronald Tomalis reported that research demonstrated that the performance of an educator has a direct impact on the future success of students. The new evaluation system will become effective for teachers and principals in the 2014-15 school year. Pennsylvania will join at least 22 states in using student achievement to evaluate educators.
In 2011, the district reported employing 158 teachers and administrators with a median salary of $57,353 and a top salary of $126,198. The teacher’s work day is 7 hours 30 minutes (includes a preparation period and 30 minute duty-free lunch) with 188 days in the contract year. Additionally, the teachers receive a defined benefit pension, health insurance, professional development reimbursement, paid personal days, 10 paid sick days, and other benefits, including a $10,000 retirement bonus. In 2011, the average teacher salary in BSSD was $52,805.13 a year, while the cost of the benefits teachers receive was $18,787.21 per employee, for a total annual average teacher compensation of $71,572. According to a study conducted at the American Enterprise Institute, in 2011, public school teachers’ total compensation is roughly 50 percent higher than they would likely receive in the private sector. The study found that the most generous benefits that teachers receive are not accounted for in many studies of compensation, including: pension, retiree health benefits and job security.
For the 2009 school year, Bermudian Springs School District reported employing over 150 teachers with a salary range of $38,000 to $115,500 for 188 days a year (180 pupil instruction days). Additionally, teachers receive a benefits package that includes: health insurance (employee pays 5%, $60/month), life insurance, paid 10 sick days which accumulate, 2 paid personal days, paid bereavement leave, reimbursement for college courses, a $10,000 retirement incentive bonus, teachers who retire before age 65 years, receive full taxpayer funded, health insurance benefit until they reach age 65, and many other benefits. Teachers are paid for unused sick days upon retirement. Teachers working for the district for at least 10 years may take a sabbatical leave every 7 years where they receive full benefits and one-half their regular salary during the leave. Members of the local teachers' union are granted 4 days with pay to conduct union business, including attending the union's convention. The union pays for a substitute teacher.
In 2007, the District employed 130 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $49,962 for 180 days worked. As of 2007, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 10 states in average teacher salaries. When adjusted for cost of living Pennsylvania ranked fourth in the nation for teacher compensation.
District fund reserve balances In 2008, Bermudian Springs School District reported $873,981.00 in an unreserved-undesignated fund balance. In 2010, the district's unreserved-undesignated fund balance was reported as $2,592,600. Pennsylvania public school district reserve funds are divided into two categories – designated and undesignated. The undesignated funds are not committed to any planned project. Designated funds and any other funds, such as capital reserves, are allocated to specific projects. School districts are required by state law to keep 5 percent of their annual spending in the undesignated reserve funds to preserve bond ratings. By law the state limits the total unreserved-undesignated fund balance at 8% of the annual budget for school districts that have budgets over $19 million a year. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, from 2003 to 2010, as a whole, Pennsylvania school districts amassed nearly $3 billion in reserved funds.
Audit In October 2009, the Pennsylvania Auditor General released a Performance Audit of the school district. It found that the district had several serious findings, including an issue involving a conflict of interest violation that was reported to the State Ethics Commission. Several board members had failed to file an annual Statement of Financial Interest. The report of the audit were reported to the school board and the administration.
Per pupil spending In 2008, per pupil spending at Bermudian Springs School District was $10,099 for each child. This ranked 471st among Pennsylvania's 500 school districts. By 2010, the per pupil spending has increased to $10,581.60.
Bermudian Springs School District's administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $828.72 per pupil. This spending ranked 160th among all of Pennsylvania's then 501 public school districts. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil. The District reported spending $1,730,363 on administration.
In 2009, Bermudian Springs School District reported having $30,233,325 in outstanding debt.
Tuition Students who live in the Bermudian Springs School District's attendance area may choose to attend one of Pennsylvania's 157 public charter schools. A student living in a neighboring public school district or a foreign exchange student may seek admission to Bermudian Springs School District. For these cases, the Pennsylvania Department of Education sets an annual tuition rate for each school district. It is the amount the public school district pays to a charter school for each resident student that attends the charter and it is the amount a nonresident student's parents must pay to attend the District's schools. The 2012 tuition rates are Elementary School - $7,357.26, High School - $7,891.70.
Bermudian Springs School District is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax 1.0%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of the level of the individual’s personal wealth. The average Pennsylvania public school teacher pension in 2011 exceeds $60,000 a year plus they receive federal Social Security benefits: both are free of Pennsylvania state income tax and local income tax which funds local public schools.
State basic education funding
For the 2013-14 school year, the Bermudian Springs School District will receive a 2.3% increase or $5,877,774 in Pennsylvania Basic Education Funding. This is $131,702 more than its 2012-13 state BEF to the District. Additionally, Bermudian Springs School District will receive $133,436 in Accountability Block Grant funding to focus on academic achievement and level funding for special education services. Among the public school districts in Adams County, Conewago Valley School District received the highest percentage increase at 3.2%. The District has the option of applying for several other state and federal grants to increase revenues. The Commonwealth’s budget increased Basic Education Funding statewide by $123 million to over $5.5 billion. Most of Pennsylvania’s 500 public school districts received an increase of Basic Education Funding in a range of 0.9% to 4%. Eight public school districts received exceptionally high funding of 10% to 16%. The highest increase in state funding was awarded to Austin Area School District which received a 22.5% increase in Basic Education Funding. The state funded the PSERS (Pennsylvania school employee pension fund) with $1,017,000,000 and Social Security payments for school employees of $495 million.
For the 2012-13 school year, Bermudian Springs School District received $5,879,508. The Governor's Executive Budget for 2012-2013 includes $9.34 billion for kindergarten through 12th grade public education, including $5.4 billion in basic education funding, which is an increase of $49 million over the 2011-12 budget. The state also provides $100 million for the Accountability Block (ABG) grant. Bermudian Springs School District received $133,436 in ABG funds. The state will also provide $544.4 million for School Employees’ Social Security and $856 million for School Employees’ Retirement fund called PSERS. This amount is a $21,823,000 increase (0.34%) over the 2011-2012 appropriations for Basic Education Funding, School Employees' Social Security, Pupil Transportation, Nonpublic and Charter School Pupil Transportation. The Governor's last two budgets have restored more than $918 million in support of public schools, compensating for the $1 billion in federal stimulus dollars lost at the end of the 2010-11 school year.
In 2011–12, Bermudian Springs School District received $5,745,323 in state Basic Education Funding. Additionally, the district will receive $133,437 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget includes $5,354,629,000 for the 2011–2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010–2011. The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District, which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12. Districts experienced a reduction in some funding due to the loss of federal stimulus funding which ended in 2011. In 2010, the Bermudian Springs School District reported that 640 pupils received a free or reduced-price lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.
For the 2010–11 school year, the Bermudian Springs School District received a 6% increase in state basic education funding for $6,325,843. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. The highest increase in Adams County was awarded to Conewago Valley School District at 9.66%. Among Pennsylvania school districts, the highest increase in 2010–11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding. The state's hold harmless policy regarding state basic education funding continued where each district received at least the same amount as it received the prior school year, even when enrollment had significantly declined. The amount of increase each school district received was determined by Governor Edward G. Rendell and the Secretary of Education Gerald Zahorchak through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year. This was the second year of Governor Rendell’s policy to fund some public school districts at a far greater rate than others. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Pennsylvania spent $7,824 Per Pupil in the year 2000. This amount increased up to $12,085 by the year 2008.
In the 2009–2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 9.26% increase in Basic Education Funding for Bermudian Springs School District a total of $5,968,044. The highest increase in Adams County went to Conewago Valley School District which received 9.48% increase in 2009–10. Ninety school district received the base 2% increase in state BEF. Muhlenberg School District of Berks County received an increase of 22.31 percent. Sixteen school districts received an increase in funding of over 10 percent in 2009.
The state Basic Education funding to the district in 2008–09 was $5,462,216.58. In 2009, the district reported that 577 students received a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to low family income.
Accountability Block Grants
Beginning in 2004–2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010–11, the Bermudian Springs School District applied for and received $362,180 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide full-day kindergarten, to reform the high school program and to increase instructional time for struggling students through before and after school tutoring. In 2011-12 and 2012 13 the District received $133,436.
Classrooms for the Future grant
The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006–2009. Bermudian Springs School District was denied funding in 2006–07. In 2007–08 it received $257,712. The district received $46,881 in 2008–09 for a total funding of $304,593. In Adams County the highest award was given to Bermudian Springs School District. The highest funding state wide was awarded to Philadelphia City School District in Philadelphia County - $9,409,073. The grant program was discontinued by Governor Edward Rendell as part of the 2009-10 state budget.
Bermudian Springs School District did not participate in: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Environmental Education annual grants, PA Science Its Elementary grants (discontinued effective with 2009-10 budget by Governor Rendell), Education Assistance Grants, 2012 Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy grant, nor the federal 21st Century Learning grants.
Federal Stimulus grant
Bermudian Springs School District received an extra $1,141,382 in ARRA – Federal Stimulus money to be used only in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students. Due to the temporary nature of the funding, schools were repeatedly advised to use the funds for one-time expenditures like acquiring equipment, making repairs to buildings, training teachers to provide more effective instruction or purchasing books and software.
Race to the Top grant
Bermudian Springs School District officials did not apply for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district hundreds of thousands of additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement. Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. According to then Governor Rendell, failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.
Common Cents state initiative
The Bermudian Springs School Board decided to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars. After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.
Real estate taxes
Property tax rates in 2013–2014 were set, by the Bermudian Springs School Board, at 10.1071 mills. A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. An increase of 0.2246 mills will generate about $226,209 for the school district. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75–85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts. Property taxes, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, apply only to real estate - land and buildings. The property tax is not levied on cars, business inventory, or other personal property. Certain types of property are exempt from property taxes, including: places of worship, places of burial, private social clubs, charitable and educational institutions and government property. Additionally, service related, disabled US military veterans may seek an exemption from paying property taxes.
- 2012-13 - 9.9922 mills
- 2011-12 - 9.7676 mills.
- 2010-11 - 42.7900 mills.
- 2009–10 – 41.1900 mills.
- 2008–09 – 39.0500 mills.
- 2007–08 – 36.1559 mills.
- 2006-07 - 34.0000 mills.
- 2005-06 - 32.5000 mills.
The average yearly property tax paid by Adams County residents amounts to about 3.48% of their yearly income. Adams County ranked 382nd out of the 3143 United States counties for property taxes as a percentage of median income. According to a report prepared by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the total real estate taxes collected by all school districts in Pennsylvania rose from $6,474,133,936 in 1999-00 to $10,438,463,356 in 2008-09 and to $11,153,412,490 in 2011. Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).
Act 1 Adjusted index
The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011–2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but it can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increasing rising health care costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year. With the 2011 state education budget, the General Assembly voted to end most of the Act 1 exceptions leaving only special education costs and pension costs. The cost of construction projects will go to the voters for approval via ballot referendum.
The School District Adjusted Index for the Bermudian Springs School District 2006–2007 through 2011–2012.
For the 2013-14 budget year, Bermudian Springs School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index. For 2013-2014, 311 Pennsylvania public school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 171 school districts adopted a preliminary budget leaving open the option of exceeded the Index limit. For the exception for pension costs, 89 school districts received approval to exceed the Index in full while others received a partial approval of their request. For special education costs, 75 districts received approval to exceed the tax limit. For the exception for pension costs, 169 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. Eleven districts received an approval for grandfathered construction debts.
For the 2012-13 budget year, Bermudian Springs School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index. For 2012-2013, 274 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 223 school districts adopted a preliminary budget leaving open the option of exceeded the Index limit. For the exception for pension costs, 194 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. For special education costs, 129 districts received approval to exceed the tax limit. For the exception for pension costs, 194 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. For special education costs, 129 districts received approval to exceed the tax limit.
For the 2011–12 school year, the Bermudian Springs School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index. Each year the Bermudian Springs School Board has the option of adopting either 1) a resolution in January certifying they will not increase taxes above their index or 2) a preliminary budget in February. A school district adopting the resolution may not apply for referendum exceptions or ask voters for a tax increase above the inflation index. A specific timeline for these decisions is publisher each year by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.
According to a state report, for the 2011–2012 school year budgets, 247 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 250 school districts adopted a preliminary budget. Of the 250 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget, 231 adopted real estate tax rates that exceeded their index. Tax rate increases in the other 19 school districts that adopted a preliminary budget did not exceed the school district’s index. Of the districts who sought exceptions 221 used the pension costs exemption and 171 sought a Special Education costs exemption. Only 1 school district sought an exemption for Nonacademic School Construction Project, while 1 sought an exception for Electoral debt for school construction.
In January 2010, the school board applied to the Pennsylvania Department of Education for referendum exemptions to raise taxes above the Act 1 limit which for 2010 was set at 3.88 percent – or 1.6 mills for Bermudian Springs School District. In April 2010, the board was notified that the request was rejected. When the Pennsylvania Department of Education denies the request, the school district must (1) reduce the tax rate increase to no more than its index or (2) submit a referendum question for voter approval in the next primary election (for school districts with a July 1 through June 30 fiscal year).
In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.
Property tax relief
In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Bermudian Springs School District was $167 per approved permanent primary residence with 3,607 approved residences. In 2009, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief for the Bermudian Springs School District was $168 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 3,585 property owners applied for the tax relief. Among Adams County school districts, in 2009 and in 2010, Upper Adams School District received the highest relief allocation at $279. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010. Chester-Upland School District has consistently been the top recipient since the programs inception. The relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. In Adams County, 74% of eligible property owners applied for property tax relief in 2009.
Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, so people who make substantially more than $35,000 may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.
Enrollment and Consolidation
Pennsylvania Department of Education projections of Bermudian Springs School District do not anticipate a growth in enrollment for the next decade. A Standard and Poors study found that an optimal school district size, to conserve administrative costs, was 3000 pupils. Consolidation of administrations with an adjacent school district would achieve substantial administrative cost savings for people in both communities. According to a 2009 proposal by Governor Edward Rendell, the excessive administrative overhead dollars could be redirected to improving high school student academic achievement, enriching the curriculum programs or to reducing local property taxes.
More than 40 percent of elementary schools and more than 60 percent of secondary schools in western Pennsylvania are projected to experience significant enrollment decreases (15 percent or greater). Pennsylvania Department of Education data shows that from 1999–2000 to 2008–09 there has been a 12 percent increase in public school staff even as there was a 1 percent decline in enrollment. Pennsylvania schools added 17,345 professional employees and 15,582 support workers over this time, while enrollment declined by 26,960. Total public school enrollment in 2009 was 1,787,351 pupils.
Pennsylvania has one of the highest numbers of school districts in the nation. In Pennsylvania, 80% of the school districts serve student populations under 5,000, and 40% serve less than 2,000. This results in excessive school administration bureaucracy and not enough course diversity. In a survey of 88 superintendents of small districts, 42% of the respondents stated that they thought consolidation would save money without closing any schools.
Bermudian Springs School Board established a district wellness policy in 2006 – Policy 246. The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 – 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006."
The legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education and physical education that are aligned with the Pennsylvania State Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus. The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the wellness policy for approval.
Bermudian Springs School District offers a free school breakfast and free or reduced-price lunch to low-income children. The meals are partially funded with federal dollars through the United States Department of Agriculture.
Bermudian Springs School District offers a wide variety of clubs, activities and an extensive, costly sports program. The school board sets policies regarding eligibility to participate in these activities. The district does not charge an activity fee in 2011–12.
By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those home schooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.
Bermudian Springs is known around the Pennsylvania commonwealth for a rich wrestling heritage. They hold the PA state record of most individuals wrestlers in one season to qualify the PIAA championships, with nine wrestlers qualifying in 2004. That same year marked their first trip to the PIAA Team Championships. This was the 2nd of four visits to the PIAA Team Championships. During the span of 2005–2008, the wrestling program went undefeated in league matches, winning three consecutive YAIAA Division two titles. The 2007–2008 team finished as Runner-ups in the PIAA State Team Tournament, losing to Burrell High School of District 7 in the finals.
A notable individual standout athlete was three time PIAA State Swimming Champion (2001–2003) Kristin Brown. She continued to swim at the University of Pittsburgh.
Competing in the PIAA AA classification, the Varsity baseball team won the school district's first team PIAA State Championship in 2010 by beating Central High School of Martinsburg by a score of 5–3. They were the District 3 Champions after beating Delone Catholic by a score of 15–4. The championship team was led by coach Bob Bonner. They have won the YAIAA Division 3 title in 1994,2008,2009,2010 and 2011.
The middle school also is home to a championship music program.
The District offers an extensive and costly sports program, including:
- Junior High School Sports
According to PIAA directory July 2012 
The district is part of the Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region. The agency offers school districts, home-schooled students and private schools many services, including Summer Academy, which offers both art and academic strands that are designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high-achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Special Education, Management Services, and Technology Services.
- Bermudian Springs School Board Secretary, Bermudian Springs School District Board meeting minutes December 5, 2011, December 5, 2011
- The Evening Sun, High-school principal to retire at Bermudian Springs, April 10, 2013
- National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Bermudian Springs School District, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Enrollment and Projections January 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Enrollment and Projections, July 2010
- MELODY ASPER., Bermudian Springs tax hike is lower than planned, The Evening Sun, June 23, 2013
- Melody Asper, Bermudian Springs school taxes could rise 2.3 percent, May 2013
- American Fact Finder, US Census Bureau, 2009
- Pennsylvania School Code 2009
- The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives. "The Pennsylvania Project". Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- Lincoln Intermediate Unit services 2010
- Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Ranking Information, April 6, 2012
- Pittsburgh Business Times (April 30, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Ranking Information".
- Pittsburgh Business Times (April 30, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings".
- Pittsburgh Business Times (May 23, 2007). "Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County".
- Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Overachivers Ranking Information, April 6, 2012
- "Overachiever statewide ranking". Pittsburgh Business Times. May 6, 2010.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs AYP Report Overview 2012, September 21, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs School District AYP Overview, September 29, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS SD - District AYP Data Table".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2101). "Bermudian Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Bermudian Springs School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009".
- Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children – High School Graduation Rates 2007
- National Center for Education Statistics, Common Care Data - Bermudian Springs High School, 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers Bermudian Springs High School, September 29, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs High School AYP Overview 2012, September 21, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS High School AYP Overview".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA and AYP Results".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "Bermudian Springs School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2007). "PSSA Math and Reading Results by School and grade 2007".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Bermudian Springs High School Academic Report Card 2012".
- PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "PSSA Math and Reading Results by School 2008".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report".
- "National Center for Education Statistics".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Public School SAT Scores 2011".
- College Board (September 2011). "SAT Scores State By State - Pennsylvania".
- "While U.S. SAT scores dip across the board, N.J. test-takers hold steady". NJ.com. September 2011.
- Bermudian Springs School District Strategic Plan 2008
- Pennsylvania General Assembly. "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements".
- Bermudian Springs Strategic Plan – Chapter 4 Educational Strategic Plan, September 2006, page 6.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 2011). "Pennsylvania Keystone Exams Overview".
- National Center for Education Statistics, Common Care Data – Bermudian Springs Middle School, 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers Bermudian Springs Middle School, September 29, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS Middle School AYP Overview".
- Bermudian Springs Middle School Administration (September 18, 2012). "Bermudian Springs Parent Notice of Adequate Yearly Progress".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table, October 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009, September 14, 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 14, 2010). "2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results. 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Science PSSA 2012 by Schools. September 2012.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (August 2009). "Report on Science PSSA 2009 by Schools.".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Science PSSA 2009 by Schools. August 2009.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education PSSA Science 2008 scores by school
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic report card 2012".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Report Card 2009, September 14, 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (2009). "2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Report Card 2008, August 15, 2009
- Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2012, Pennsylvania Department of Education, September 21, 2012
- Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2010
- Bermudian Springs Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2008, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2008
- Bermudian Springs School District Administration (May 2010). "Bermudian Springs School District 062_Academic Standards and Midpoint Review,".
- National Center for Education Statistics, Common Care Data – Bermudian Springs Elementary School, 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers Elementary School, September 29, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS Elementary School AYP Overview 2011".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS Elementary School AYP Data Table".
- Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children, Children Enrolled In Public School Kindergarten By Full Day and Half Day (Percent) – 2010-11, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "BERMUDIAN SPRINGS Elementary School Academic Achievement Report Card 2011".
- Bureau of Special Education (January 31, 2011). "Bermudian Springs SD Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008–2009".
- Bermudian Springs School District (2011). "Special Education Department – Annual Public Notice of Special Education Services".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding".
- Senator Patrick Browne (November 1, 2011). "Senate Education Committee Holds Hearing on Special Education Funding & Accountability".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Amy Morton, Executive Deputy Secretary (November 11, 2011). "Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony".
- Baruch Kintisch Education Law Center (November 11, 2011). "Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Special Education Funding from Pennsylvania State_2010-2011".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Special Education Funding 2011–2012 Fiscal Year".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "LRE Index Scores and Identification for Monitoring".
- Martin Elks, Ph.D. (June 3, 2010). "FINAL REPORT OF THE BUREAU DIRECTOR’S ADVISORY PANEL ON LEAST RESTRICTIVE ENVIRONMENT FOLLOWING GASKIN V. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SEPTEMBER, 2005—JUNE, 2010".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 1, 2002). "Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) and Educational Placement for Students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 1, 1997). "Placement Options for Special Education".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Bureau of Special Education (2010). "LRE Index Scores".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (Revised December 1, 2009 Child Count (Collected July 2010)). "Gifted Students as Percentage of Total Enrollment by School District/Charter School".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Center for Safe Schools. "Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports".
- Regular Session 2007–2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8
- Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania,. "Bullying Prevention advisory".
- Pennsylvania State Board of Education. "Pennsylvania Academic Standards".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2011). "Teacher Evaluation Project".
- Asbury Park Press (2009). "PA. Public School Salaries".
- Bermudian Springs School Board. "Bermudian Springs School District Teacher Union Employment Contract 2010".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2012). "Investing in Pennsylvania Students".
- American Enterprise Institute (2011). "Assessing the Compensation of Public School Teachers".
- Asbury Park Press (2009). "Pa. Public School Salaries 2009".
- Bermudian Springs School Board. "Bermudian Springs School District Teacher Union Contract".
- Fenton, Jacob, (March 2010). "Average classroom teacher salary in Adams County, 2006–07". The Morning Call.
- PA Delaware County Times, Teachers need to know enough is enough, April 20, 2010.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education report on Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008
- Murphy, Jan., Pennsylvania's public schools boost reserves, CentreDaily Times, September 22, 2010
- Office of the Auditor General of Pennsylvania (October 2009). "Bermudian Springs School District Adams County, Pennsylvania, Performance Audit Report".
- "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort by Administrative Spending". 2008.
- Fenton, Jacob (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?". The Morning Call.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania School Districts 2007–08 Expenditures by Category".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Pennsylvania School District Finances Outstanding Debt 1996-97- 2008–09".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Pennsylvania Public School District Tuition Rates".
- Pennsylvania Department of Revenue. "Personal Income Taxation Guidelines date=April 2010".
- John Finnerty (2013). "PA teachers pensions". CNHI Harrisburg Bureau.
- Democrat Appropriations Committee, Report on Education funding by LEA, July 2, 2013
- Pennsylvania Office of the Budget, 2013-14 State Budget Highlights, 2013
- Senator Jake Corman (June 28, 2012). "Pennsylvania Education funding by Local School District".
- Pennsylvania General Assembly Sen Jake Corman (June 29, 2012). "SB1466 of 2012 General Fund Appropriation".
- PA Senate Appropriations Committee (June 28, 2011). "School District 2011–12 funding Report".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (June 30, 2011). "Basic Education Funding 2011–2012 Fiscal Year".
- PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010–2011 Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee Education Budget information.
- Office of the Budget, (February 2010). "Pennsylvania Budget Proposal 2010,".
- U.S. Census Bureau., Annual Survey of Local Government Finances., 2000
- U.S. Census Bureau., 2008 Survey of Local Government Finances – School Systems, 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Basic Education Funding Report by School District. October 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list 2010".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Accountability Block Grant funding, June 30, 2012
- Pennsylvania Auditor General. "Classrooms For the Future grants audit December 22, 2008".
- Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. "Adams County ARRA FUNDING report 2009-10".
- Governor's Press Office. (January 20, 2010). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support,".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Secretary Gerald Zahorchek (December 2009). "Pennsylvania Race to the Top Letter to Superintendents".
- Governor's Press Office. (January 20, 2010). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support,".
- U.S. Department of Education (March 29, 2010). "Race to the Top Fund".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program – Making Every Dollar Count".
- The Evening Sun, Bermudian Springs school taxes could rise 2.3 percent, May 2013
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Act 511 Tax Report, 2004".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2012). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District,".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District 2010-11, 2010
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2008). "Pennsylvania School District Real Estate Tax Rates 2008–09".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, 2007
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, 2006
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Real Estate Tax Millage by School District, 2005
- Tax-rates.org., The 2013 Tax Resource County Property Taxes 2012, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Pennsylvania School Finances - Summaries of Annual Financial Report Data 2010-11, 2011
- Tax Foundation, New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners, September 22, 2009.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education 2010–11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines.
- Pittsburgh Post Gazette (July 28, 2011). "Law could restrict school construction projects". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2011). "Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006–2007 through 2012–2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (Sept 18, 2010). "Index Calculation Required by the Taxpayer Relief Act".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Financial Data Elements".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2012-2013 School District Adjusted Index, May 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2013-2014 School District Adjusted Index, August 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Report on Referendum Exceptions For School Year 2013-2014, April 2013
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Report on Referendum Exceptions For School Year 2012-2013, March 30, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Special Session Act 1 of 2006 the Taxpayer Relief Act information".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2011). "Report on Exceptions".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011 April 2010".
- Asper, Melody (April 14, 2010). "Board mulls class cuts". The Evening Sun.
- Referendum Exceptions Special Session Act 1 of 2006, Pennsylvania Department of Education web site, Accessed April 2010
- Scarcella, Frank and Pursell, Tricia, (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages". The Daily Item.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 1, 2009,). "Tax Relief per Homestead".
- Tax Relief per Homestead 5–1–10. Report Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2010
- Pennsylvania Auditor General Office (February 23, 2010). "Special Report Pennsylvania Property Tax Relief,".
- Study of the cost-effectiveness of consolidating Pennsylvania School Districts, Standard and Poor's School Evaluation Services, 2007.
- 2009–10 Executive Budget Facts Pennsylvania School District Consolidation, Edward Rendell, Governor and Mary Soderberg, Secretary of the Budget. February 2009
- "Research Analyzes Rural School District Enrollment and Building Capacity", The Center for Rural Pennsylvania. October 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Enrollment data and Public School Staffing data.
- Rendell, E. & Soderberg, M.Pennsylvania Office of the Governor (2009). "Pennsylvania school district consolidation. 2009–10 Executive Budget Fast Facts".
- Pennsylvania Legislative Budget and Finance Committee, (2007). "Study of the cost-effectiveness of consolidating".
- Bermudian Springs School Board Policy Manual
- Pennsylvania Department of Education – Division of Food and Nutrition (July 2008). "Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods in Pennsylvania Schools for the School Nutrition Incentive,".
- Pennsylvania Hunger Action Center, The Pennsylvania School Breakfast Report Card, 2009
- Bermudian Springs School Board. "Bermudian Springs School District Extracurriculars Policy 122 and Interscholastic Athletics Policy 123".
- SPECIAL REPORT: Pay-to-play a growing trend in area school districts, Dick VanOlinda, The York Dispatch, September 15, 2011
- Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities,".
- Bermudian Springs School Board. "Extracurricular Participation by Charter and Cyber Charter Students".
- Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletics Association (2012). "PIAA School Directory".
- Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12 website accessed April 2010