Bernalillo County, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bernalillo County)
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Bernalillo, New Mexico.
Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Bernalillo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Bernalillo County Courthouse in Albuquerque
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Seat Albuquerque
Largest city Albuquerque
Area
 • Total 1,167 sq mi (3,023 km2)
 • Land 1,161 sq mi (3,007 km2)
 • Water 6.4 sq mi (17 km2), 0.5%
Population (Est.)
 • (2010) 662,564
 • Density 571/sq mi (220/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.bernco.gov

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564.[2] The county seat is Albuquerque,[3] which is the most populous city in New Mexico.

Bernalillo County is located within the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Bernalillo County was one of seven partidos established during Mexican rule; in 1852, within two years of the creation of the New Mexico Territory, Bernalillo became one of that territory's nine original counties.[1] In 1876, it absorbed Santa Ana County.

In 1906, years after the Land Revision Act of 1891 provided for the setting aside of forest reserves, the parts of Bernalillo County currently known as Cibola National Forest were established as reserves.[4]

USS LST-306, a World War II tank landing ship which participated in the Allied invasion of Italy, was renamed USS Bernalillo County in 1955. Sandia Mountain Wilderness was created in 1978 and the Petroglyph National Monument was established in June 1990.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,167 square miles (3,020 km2), of which 1,161 square miles (3,010 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5] It is the third-smallest county in New Mexico by area.

Bernalillo County is in central New Mexico, and "stretches from the East Mountain area (just east of the Sandia Mountains) to the Volcano Cliffs on the west mesa."[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 7,751
1860 8,769 13.1%
1870 7,591 −13.4%
1880 17,225 126.9%
1890 20,913 21.4%
1900 28,630 36.9%
1910 23,606 −17.5%
1920 29,855 26.5%
1930 45,430 52.2%
1940 69,391 52.7%
1950 145,673 109.9%
1960 262,199 80.0%
1970 315,774 20.4%
1980 419,700 32.9%
1990 480,577 14.5%
2000 556,678 15.8%
2010 662,564 19.0%
Est. 2013 674,221 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the racial and ethnic makeup of the county was as follows:

2000[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 556,678 people, 220,936 households, and 141,178 families residing in the county, making Bernalillo the most populous county in the state.[1] The population density was 477 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 239,074 housing units at an average density of 205 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 4.16% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.07% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 41.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 220,936 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.00% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,788, and the median income for a family was $46,613. Males had a median income of $33,720 versus $26,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,790. About 10.20% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

New Mexico Senate[edit]

District Name Party Took office
9 John Sapien Democratic 2009
10 John Ryan Republican 2005
11 Linda M. Lopez Democratic 1997
12 Jerry Ortiz y Pino Democratic 2005
13 Bill B. O'Neill Democratic 2013
14 Michael Padilla Democratic 2013
15 Daniel Ivey-Soto Democratic 2013
16 Cisco McSorley Democratic 1997
17 Timothy M. Keller Democratic 2009
18 Lisa Torraco Republican 2013
19 Sue Wilson Beffort Republican 1997

County offices[edit]

Office Name Party Took office
Sheriff Manuel Gonzales III Democratic 2015
Assessor Tanya R. Giddings Democratic 2012
Clerk Maggie Toulouse–Oliver Democratic 2006
Treasurer Manny Ortiz Democratic 2012

County Commission[edit]

District Name Party Took office
1 Debra O'Malley Democratic 2012
2 Art De La Cruz Democratic 2006
3 Maggie Hart–Stebbins Democratic 2010
4 Lonnie C. Talbert Republican 2012
5 Wayne A. Johnson Republican 2010

Congressional[edit]

Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) is the representative for the 1st Congressional District.

Communities[edit]

Map of Bernalillo County New Mexico.svg

A local geographical oddity is that the town of Bernalillo, north of Albuquerque, is not actually in Bernalillo County. It is the county seat of Sandoval County.

Bracketed number refers to location on map, right

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bernalillo County from the website of the New Mexico Office of the State Historian
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Southwestern Region Initial Forest Reserves and National Forests, from a U.S. Forest Service website
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ Bernalillo County Extension Office from a New Mexico State University website
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 

Coordinates: 35°03′N 106°40′W / 35.05°N 106.67°W / 35.05; -106.67