Bernalillo County, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Bernalillo, New Mexico.
Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Bernalillo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Bernalillo County Courthouse in Albuquerque
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Seat Albuquerque
Largest city Albuquerque
Area
 • Total 1,169 sq mi (3,028 km2)
 • Land 1,166 sq mi (3,020 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (8 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2010) 662,564
 • Density 566.8/sq mi (219/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.bernco.gov

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564.[2]The county seat is Albuquerque,[3] which is the most populous city in New Mexico.

Bernalillo County is located within the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Bernalillo County is in central New Mexico, and "stretches from the East Mountain area (just east of the Sandia Mountains) to the Volcano Cliffs on the west mesa."[4] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,169 square miles (3,028 km2), of which 1,166 square miles (3,020 km2) is land and 3 square miles (8 km2) (0.22%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Communities[edit]

A local geographical oddity is that the town of Bernalillo, north of Albuquerque, is not actually in Bernalillo County. It is the county seat of Sandoval County.

Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Bernalillo County New Mexico.svg

Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.[6]

# on map Incorporated Community Designation Date incorporated Population
3 Albuquerque City 1891 558,000
- Edgewood Town 1999 3,735
1 Los Ranchos de Albuquerque Village December 29, 1958 6,024
- Rio Rancho City 1981 87,521
6 Tijeras Village 1973 541

Census-designated places[edit]

Bracketed number refers to location on map, right

Other communities[edit]

History[edit]

Bernalillo County was one of seven partidos established during Mexican rule; in 1852, within two years of the creation of the New Mexico Territory, Bernalillo became one of that territory's nine original counties.[1] In 1876, it absorbed Santa Ana County.

In 1906, years after the Land Revision Act of 1891 provided for the setting aside of forest reserves, the parts of Bernalillo County currently known as Cibola National Forest were established as reserves.[7]

USS LST-306, a World War II tank landing ship which participated in the Allied invasion of Italy, was renamed USS Bernalillo County in 1955. Sandia Mountain Wilderness was created in 1978 and the Petroglyph National Monument was established in June 1990.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 7,751
1860 8,769 13.1%
1870 7,591 −13.4%
1880 17,225 126.9%
1890 20,913 21.4%
1900 28,630 36.9%
1910 23,606 −17.5%
1920 29,855 26.5%
1930 45,430 52.2%
1940 69,391 52.7%
1950 145,673 109.9%
1960 262,199 80.0%
1970 315,774 20.4%
1980 419,700 32.9%
1990 480,577 14.5%
2000 556,678 15.8%
2010 662,564 19.0%
Est. 2012 673,460 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[2]

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the racial and ethnic makeup of the county was as follows:

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 556,678 people, 220,936 households, and 141,178 families residing in the county, making Bernalillo the most populous county in the state.[1] The population density was 477 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 239,074 housing units at an average density of 205 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 4.16% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.07% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 41.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 220,936 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.00% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,788, and the median income for a family was $46,613. Males had a median income of $33,720 versus $26,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,790. About 10.20% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

New Mexico Senate[edit]

District Name Party Took office
9 John Sapien Democratic 2009
10 John Ryan Republican 2005
11 Linda M. Lopez Democratic 1997
12 Jerry Ortiz y Pino Democratic 2005
13 Bill B. O'Neill Democratic 2013
14 Michael Padilla Democratic 2013
15 Daniel Ivey-Soto Democratic 2013
16 Cisco McSorley Democratic 1997
17 Timothy M. Keller Democratic 2009
18 Lisa Torraco Republican 2013
19 Sue Wilson Beffort Republican 1997

County offices[edit]

Office Name Party Took office
Sheriff Dan Houston Republican 2010
Assessor Tanya R. Giddings Democratic 2012
Clerk Maggie Toulouse–Oliver Democratic 2006
Treasurer Manny Ortiz Democratic 2012

County Commission[edit]

District Name Party Took office
1 Debra O'Malley Democratic 2012
2 Art De La Cruz Democratic 2006
3 Maggie Hart–Stebbins Democratic 2010
4 Lonnie C. Talbert Republican 2012
5 Wayne A. Johnson Republican 2010

Congressional[edit]

Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) is the representative for the 1st Congressional District.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bernalillo County from the website of the New Mexico Office of the State Historian
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Bernalillo County Extension Office from a New Mexico State University website
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ "See "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - New Mexico County -- County Subdivision and Place"". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 
  7. ^ Southwestern Region Initial Forest Reserves and National Forests, from a U.S. Forest Service website
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 

Coordinates: 35°03′N 106°40′W / 35.05°N 106.67°W / 35.05; -106.67