Bernard Dowiyogo

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His Excellency
Bernard Dowiyogo
Bernard Dowiyogo.jpg
President of Nauru
In office
December 22, 1976 – April 19, 1978
Preceded by Hammer DeRoburt
Succeeded by Lagumot Harris
In office
December 12, 1989 – November 22, 1995
Preceded by Kenos Aroi
Succeeded by Lagumot Harris
In office
November 11, 1996 – November 25, 1996
Preceded by Lagumot Harris
Succeeded by Kennan Adeang
In office
June 18, 1998 – April 27, 1999
Preceded by Kinza Clodumar
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
April 20, 2000 – March 30, 2001
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
January 9, 2003 – January 17, 2003
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by René Harris
In office
January 18, 2003 – March 9, 2003
Preceded by René Harris
Succeeded by Derog Gioura
Personal details
Born February 14, 1946
Ubenide
Died March 9, 2003 (aged 57)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Christina Dowiyogo
Children Valdon Dowiyogo
Religion Christian
Bernard Dowiyogo
Member of the Nauruan Parliament
for Ubenide
In office
December 17, 1973 – March 9, 2003
Preceded by Victor Eoaeo
Succeeded by Russell Kun

Bernard Annen Auwen Dowiyogo (14 February 1946 – 9 March 2003) was a Nauruan politician who served as President of Nauru on seven separate occasions. During this time, he also served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Ubenide.

Background and early career[edit]

Dowiyogo was born in Nauru on 14 February 1946, the son of a Japanese war officer and a woman from the Gilbert Islands. He first became an elected member of Nauru's 18-seat parliament in 1973. Particularly in his earlier years in the Parliament of Nauru Dowiyogo was seen as an opponent of Nauru's first post-independence President, Hammer DeRoburt.

President of Nauru[edit]

He served his first term as President from 1976 to 1978 after ousting Hammer DeRoburt. Over the next 25 years, Dowiyogo served as President several times, for periods as long as six years (1989–1995) and as short as 8 days (in January 2003). He was the youngest president in Nauru. During the 1980s, he sharply criticized France and the United States for atomic weapons testing in Nauru.

Death[edit]

He died in office in March 2003 (having been president on this occasion since January 2003) at George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C. from heart complications brought on by his struggle with diabetes, a common ailment on Nauru. At the time of the deterioration of his final illness, he had been engaged in protracted negotiations with the United States Government.

Family[edit]

Dowiyogo had eight children with his wife, Christina Dowiyogo (died March 2008): Clara Augusta Alefaio (née Dowiyogo) who served at the Nauru education Department but now resides in New Zealand, Valdon Kape Dowiyogo, who served as speaker of the parliament of Nauru, Jesaulenko Dowiyogo, who served as diplomat and later chairman of the board of directors of the Nauru Fisheries and Marine Resources Authority, Junior Dowiyogo who served as commissioner for Police in the Nauru Police Force, Peter Jason Dowiyogo who worked at the Nauru Post Office, David Dowiyogo who is employed at the Republic of Nauru Hospital, Jeff Dowiyogo who currently resides in Australia and Zita Dowiyogo who now Serves at the Nauru Immigration Office.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New speaker for Nauru parliament". ABC News. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-05. [dead link]
Preceded by
Hammer DeRoburt
Kenos Aroi
Lagumot Harris
Kinza Clodumar
René Harris
René Harris
René Harris
President of Nauru
22 December 1976 – 19 April 1978
12 December 1989 – 22 November 1995
11 November 1996 – 26 November 1996
18 June 1998 – 27 April 1999
20 April 2000 – 30 March 2001
9 January 2003 – 17 January 2003
18 January 2003 – 10 March 2003
Succeeded by
Lagumot Harris
Lagumot Harris
Kennan Adeang
René Harris
René Harris
René Harris
Derog Gioura