Bernard Makuza

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Bernard Makuza
Prime Minister of Rwanda
In office
8 March 2000 – 7 October 2011
President Pasteur Bizimungu
Paul Kagame
Preceded by Pierre-Célestin Rwigema
Succeeded by Pierre Habumuremyi
Personal details
Born (1961-09-30) 30 September 1961 (age 52)
Huye, Ruanda-Urundi
(now Rwanda)
Political party Democratic Republican Movement

Bernard Makuza (born 30 September 1961) is a Rwandan politician who was Prime Minister of Rwanda from 8 March 2000 to 6 October 2011. An ethnic Hutu, Makuza was a member of the Democratic Republican Movement (MDR) before allegations were made that the party promoted genocide. He resigned membership before being appointed Prime Minister and now belongs to no party.[1]

Makuza was the Rwandan Ambassador to Burundi and then Ambassador to Germany before being appointed as Prime Minister.[2] His appointment to the latter post by President Pasteur Bizimungu in March 2000 followed the resignation of Prime Minister Pierre-Célestin Rwigema, who had been heavily criticized in the Rwandan press and by some parliamentarians.[3]

He remained at the head of a new government named on March 8, 2008, which was composed of 21 ministers and six secretaries of state.[4]

On 6 October 2011, President Kagame appointed Pierre Habumuremyi to replace Makuza as Prime Minister. Makuza was instead appointed to the Senate.[5]


  1. ^ Edwin Musoni (October 23, 2006). "I belong to no political party- Makuza". The New Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Office of the Prime Minister". Rwanda. Archived from the original on June 14, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2007. 
  3. ^ New Rwandan prime minister named, BBC News, March 8, 2000
  4. ^ (French)"Remaniement ministériel au Rwanda, Makuza reste Premier ministre". AFP. 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  5. ^ "Pierre D Habumuremyi Appointed Prime Minister", The New Times, 7 October 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre-Célestin Rwigema
Prime Minister of Rwanda
Succeeded by
Pierre Habumuremyi