Bernard Makuza

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Bernard Makuza
Prime Minister of Rwanda
In office
8 March 2000 – 7 October 2011
President Pasteur Bizimungu
Paul Kagame
Preceded by Pierre-Célestin Rwigema
Succeeded by Pierre Habumuremyi
Personal details
Born (1961-09-30) 30 September 1961 (age 53)
Butare, Rwanda

Bernard Makuza (born 30 September 1961) is a Rwandan politician who serves as President of the Senate of Rwanda since 14 October 2014. He was Prime Minister of Rwanda from 8 March 2000 to 6 October 2011. Makuza was a member of the Democratic Republican Movement (MDR) before the party was dissolved because of its history of promoting genocide ideology. He resigned membership before being appointed Prime Minister and now belongs to no party.[1]

Makuza was the Rwandan Ambassador to Burundi and then Ambassador to Germany before being appointed as Prime Minister.[2] His appointment to the latter post by President Pasteur Bizimungu in March 2000 followed the resignation of Prime Minister Pierre-Célestin Rwigema, who had been heavily criticized in the Rwandan press and by some parliamentarians.[3]

He remained at the head of a new government named on March 8, 2008, which was composed of 21 ministers and six secretaries of state.[4]

On 6 October 2011, President Kagame appointed Pierre-Damien Habumuremyi to replace Makuza as Prime Minister. Makuza was instead appointed to the Senate.[5]


  1. ^ Edwin Musoni (October 23, 2006). "I belong to no political party- Makuza". The New Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Office of the Prime Minister". Rwanda. Archived from the original on June 14, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2007. 
  3. ^ New Rwandan prime minister named, BBC News, March 8, 2000
  4. ^ "Remaniement ministériel au Rwanda, Makuza reste Premier ministre" (in French). AFP. 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  5. ^ "Pierre D Habumuremyi Appointed Prime Minister", The New Times, 7 October 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Pierre-Célestin Rwigema
Prime Minister of Rwanda
Succeeded by
Pierre Habumuremyi