Bernard Schottlander

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Work by Schottlander in Milton Keynes
South of the River (1976)
Pyramid in Tübingen (1976)

Bernard Schottlander (1924–1999) was a British, German-born designer and sculptor. His archive is located at the University of Brighton Design Archives.[1]

Life[edit]

Bernard Schottlander was born in Mainz, Germany in 1924 and came as a Jewish refugee to Leeds in 1939. During the war he worked in a factory as a welder, before taking a course in Sculpture at Leeds College of Art and subsequently – with the help of a bursary – at the Anglo-French art centre in St John’s Wood. He studied sculpture for a year in London, and his training as a welder influenced his work heavily. Bernard Schottlander described himself as a designer for interiors and a sculptor for exteriors.

He opened a studio in North London with his assistant George Nash, who had himself learned his craft in the Royal Air Force’s workshops. Their work at this stage was essentially artistic in nature, seeking to explore new forms and each piece was handmade in strictly limited editions.

In 1963 he decided to concentrate solely on sculpture and from 1965 he taught metalwork at St Martins School. In the same year he was part of the group show Six Artists at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London and in the following year (1966) had his first solo show at the Hamilton Galleries, London.

The Mantis[edit]

An admirer of Alexander Calder, in 1951 Schottlander created the "Mantis" series of lamp.

"As both an industrial designer and sculptor, the two professions were for Schottlander interconnected. As Victoria Worsley has demonstrated, Schottlander was concerned with similar formal problems in his sculptures and designs. His designs for lamps created sleek sculptural forms and customizable functionality" [2]

"Movement is intrinsic to all of Schottlander's work: an artist, an engineer and in no small measure a handyman, he devised a clever system of counterweights combined with a series of strong, and flexible metal bars.The shade is also unique of its kind: like an acrobat suspended in mid-air. It is made from aluminium using spinning and chasing techniques that are a part of the metalworker's inventory of skills, but to which he has brought his sculptor's eye to create a helical movement in which the symmetrical and the asymetrical are in opposition. His lights, with their eternal play between balance and imbalance, reveal some of the secrets of what we mean by 'solid' and 'empty'. And like his idol's mobiles they appear to defy the laws of gravity.The essential poetry of the object is an invitation to enter a dream world of the most judiciously balanced elegance." [3]

Publication[edit]

  • Indoors and Out (No. 56): The Sculpture and Design of Bernard Schottlander. The Henry Moore Foundation, Leeds 2007

Works (selection)[edit]

  • Toronto : November Pyramid (1967) in High Park
  • London : South of the River (1976) at Becket House, Lambeth Palace Road
  • Warwick : 3B Series I (1968) outside the Rooten Building, University of Warwick[4]
  • Milton Keynes : 3B Series No.2, 3B Series No.6 and 2MS Series No.4 (1968–70), Public Gardens[5]
  • Tübingen : Pyramid (BS-76) (1976), Konrad-Adenauerstraße

References[edit]