Bernard of Alzira
Bernard of Alzira (born Ahmet Ibn Al-Mansur in 1135, Carlet, Valencia, Spain - Alcira, Valencia, Spain, 1181) was a Andalusian prince and diplomat, later turned from Islamism into a religious of the Cistercian Order. He is a martyr of the Catholic Church, venerated particularly in the Valencian Community and Catalonia. The most important celebrations in his honor are held in the city of Alcira, of which he is patron, and the Poblet Monastery in Tarragona.
Bernard was the son of Mansur, Emir of the Taifa of Carlet. He was the second of four children: Almanzor, the heir, Zaida (Mary) and Zoraida (Grace). He was born in the farmhouse of Pintarrafés, in the valley of Alcalá del Magre, in Carlet, belonging to the jurisdiction of Alzira, with the name of Ahmet. He was educated with his brother at the court of King Taifa of Valencia. When the Naib of Murcia, Muhammad ibn Mardanis, whose lineage belonged, took the throne of Valencia, he joined the court. In 1156 he was sent as ambassador to the court of the Kingdom of Aragon, who was then in Barcelona. The king Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona was in possession of a group of war prisoners whose release requested Valencia. Ahmet failed in diplomatic negotiations and initiated way back to Valencia stopping near the Poblet Monastery. Attracted by it, the monks requested accommodation and after two days on campus he dismissed his servant and entered the Cistercian Order, being the named Bernardo. In 1181 he returned to Valencia with intent to evangelize his family. His brother Mansur, who had succeeded his father, opposed the preaching and sent chase, unable to keep his two sisters to follow him, Zaida and Zoraida, who were baptized with the names of Mary and Grace. They were arrested on the outskirts of Alzira, where they had hidden, and were killed on August 21 of that year.
After his death, the bodies of Bernard, Mary and Grace are buried in Alzira by Mozarabics. In 1242, the army of James I of Aragon found his remains, after the conquest of the city, and built a chapel in the place of martyrdom and a temple in Alzira in his memory, which was assigned to the Trinitarian Order. In 1262 Pere Ferran donated twenty sous real for the work of the church of San Bernardo. In the fifteenth century Gothic table in the Cathedral of Valencia represented the martyrdom of the three brothers. The second finding of the relics took place in 1599. In 1603, through the intercession of Philip III of Spain, the relics of the saints were transferred to the Poblet Monastery, but the issue that caused this, caused them to be spread also among the town of Carlet and the Real Colegio Seminario del Corpus Christi of Valencia at the request of the then Archbishop Juan de Ribera. The city of Alzira proclaimed them patrons in 1643. Religious iconography shows Saint Bernard of Alzira and her sisters with a nail by piercing the forehead, representing the shape of his martyrdom (though other sources say they were beheaded) carried out the nails that were used to moor their boats in the bank of the Júcar river. The saint has an altar, with its relics, in the Church of Saint Catherine in Alzira. The archdiocese of Valencia celebrates the feast of Saint Bernard of Alzira on July 23 (after the second discovery of relics on July 23, 1599) and proper office for the Kingdom of Valencia and the whole Archdiocese of Valencia by edict of Pope Benedict XIII of September 25, 1725. However, the Cistercian order celebrates feast from June 1, 1871. Finally, by privilege of the Holy See, the Poblet Monastery has a solemn liturgy in honor of the saint and her sisters each September 2. The saint holds the parish of the Pueblo Nuevo village, and the parish is dedicated to sisters Mary and Grace in the city of Valencia and the parish of Patron Saints Bernard, Mary and Grace, in Alzira.
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Zabala, Fernanda, Fernanda Rodriguez-Fornos Zabala (2003). Carena Editors, SL. ed. 125 Valencia in history . pp. 258. ISBN 8487398642.
Part Dalmau, Eduardo (1984). Commission Falla Plaza Mayor of Alzira. ed. From Al-Yazirat Jaime I. 500 years of the history of Alzira . pp. 211. ISBN 84-398-0974-3.
Anne Rosenblum, "Sts. Bernardo and Maria Gracia Alsirskie "/ / Live Tradition . - Moscoviae : MMX . - number I (III). - S. 17-18.