Bernese Jura

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Jura Bernois District
Arrondissement administratif Jura bernois
District
Court, Switzerland
Court, Switzerland
Location of Jura Bernois District
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Bern
Capital Courtelary
Area
 • Total 541 km2 (209 sq mi)
Population (December 2012)
 • Total 52,251
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 46

Bernese Jura (French: Jura Bernois) is the name for the French-speaking area of the Swiss canton of Bern, and from 2010 one of five administrative divisions of the canton.[1]

Comprising the three French-speaking districts in the northern part of the canton, it contains 49 municipalities with an area of 541.75 km2 (209.17 sq mi) and a population (as of December 2012) of 52,251. More than 90% of the population of the three districts speak French.

The Bernese Jura of today comprises only three out of a total of seven districts which were known as the Bernese Jura during the period of 1815–1979. Of the remaining four, three seceded as the canton of Jura in 1979, while the fourth, the Laufen district, joined the canton of Basel-Landschaft in 1994.

History[edit]

Territories of the bishopric of Basel in the 16th century

Most of the territory of the Bernese Jura was passed from the County of Burgundy to the Bishopric of Basel in AD 999.

It was annexed by France during the Napoleonic period, 1798-1814. In 1814, the Congress of Vienna accorded it to the canton of Bern to compensate for the loss of the new canton of Vaud.

From 1815 to 1979, the term Bernese Jura also included the territory now forming the canton of Jura, which seceded following a national popular vote on 24 September 1978.

Its administrative capital was Biel/Bienne from 1815 to 2009. Since 2010, Biel/Bienne has been made the administrative capital of a separate district, and the administrative capital of the remaining Bernese Jura is now Courtelary.

Representation[edit]

According to the canton's constitution, one of the seven members of the Executive Council of Bern has to be a French-speaking citizen of this area. Of the 160 seats in the Grand Council of Bern, 12 seats are reserved for the Bernese Jura and an additional three seats are guaranteed for the French-speaking population of the bilingual district of Biel/Bienne.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Historically, the region was divided into three districts (2004 population estimates):

In 2010 the three districts were dissolved and merged together to form the Arrondissement administratif Jura bernois.[2]

Gorges du Pichou
Flag Name Population
(31 December 2012)[3]
Area in km²
Belprahon Belprahon 300 3.83
Bévilard Bévilard 1,710 5.69
Champoz Champoz 156 7.17
Châtelat Châtelat 104 4.15
Corcelles Corcelles 209 6.77
Corgémont Corgémont 1,604 17.61
Cormoret Cormoret 490 13.49
Cortébert Cortébert 717 14.78
Court Court 1,422 24.61
Courtelary Courtelary 1,259 22.17
Crémines Crémines 531 9.48
Eschert Eschert 366 6.58
Grandval Grandval 341 8.23
La Ferrière La Ferrière 557 14.20
La Heutte La Heutte 477 8.09
La Neuveville La Neuveville 3,666 6.81
Loveresse Loveresse 321 4.72
Malleray Malleray 1,987 10.25
Monible Monible 36 3.39
Mont-Tramelan Mont-Tramelan 102 4.64
Moutier Moutier 7,553 19.60
Nods Nods 721 26.66
Orvin Orvin 1,195 21.59
Perrefitte Perrefitte 453 8.57
Péry Péry 1,362 15.71
Plateau de Diesse 2,053 25.55
Pontenet Pontenet 224 2.73
Rebévelier Rebévelier 45 3.54
Reconvilier Reconvilier 2,217 8.24
Renan Renan 875 12.63
Roches Roches 208 9.05
Romont Romont 206 7.03
Saicourt Saicourt 604 13.76
Saint-Imier Saint-Imier 4,866 20.89
Sauge 772 13.44
Saules Saules 157 4.28
Schelten Schelten 34 5.57
Seehof Seehof 70 8.41
Sonceboz-Sombeval Sonceboz-Sombeval 1,791 15.00
Sonvilier Sonvilier 1,209 23.79
Sornetan Sornetan 128 5.65
Sorvilier Sorvilier 262 6.89
Souboz Souboz 135 10.71
Tavannes Tavannes 3,522 14.78
Tramelan Tramelan 4,335 24.83
Villeret Villeret 899 16.23
Total (46) 52,251 541.75

Mergers[edit]

  • On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Diesse, Lamboing and Prêles merged into the new municipality of Plateau de Diesse and Plagne and Vauffelin merged into the municipality of Sauge.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°10′29″N 7°18′21″E / 47.17472°N 7.30583°E / 47.17472; 7.30583