Bernhard Alexander was a Hungarian/Jewish writer and professor of philosophy and esthetics. He was born in Budapest on April 13, 1850, was educated in his native town, and later attended German universities, pursuing studies in the areas of philosophy, aesthetics and pedagogy. Upon his return to Hungary he was appointed to a professorship in a realschule of Budapest, and in 1878 was admitted as a docent into the faculty of philosophy at the University of Budapest, where he eventually became professor in 1895. Beginning in 1892 he lectured on dramaturgy and esthetics at the National Theater Academy, and on the latter science and the history of civilization at the Francis Joseph Polytechnicum. He was a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Science and a member of the Kisfaludy Society. His chief works are A Filosafia Történetének Eszméje Tekintettel a Történetre Általában (Budapest, 1878); Kant Élete, Fejlödése és Filosofiája (crowned by the Academy of Science, 1889); A XIX. Ázszad Pessimismusa, Schopenhauer és Hartmann (Budapest, 1884, prize essay). Alexander, together with Prof. Józef Bánóczi, later edited the Filosofiai Irók Tára series. Among its volumes were his popular translations, to which he has added annotations, of René Descartes, David Hume, and the Prolegomena to Immanuel Kant. Conjointly with Bánóczi he translated Kant's Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. He was a very active writer on pedagogical subjects. From 1882 to 1886 Alexander edited the pedagogical journal Magyar Tanügy, and in 1891 the review Országos Közepiskolai Tanárok Közlönye.