Bernhard Gustav of Baden-Durlach

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Bernhard Gustav of Baden-Durlach
Bernhard Gustav von Baden-Durlach.jpg
Bernhard Gustav of Baden-Durlach
Noble family House of Zähringen
Father Frederick V, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Mother Eleonore of Solms-Laubach
Born (1631-12-24)24 December 1631
Karlsburg Castle in Durlach
Died 26 December 1677(1677-12-26) (aged 46)
Hammelburg
Buried Hammelburg

Bernhard Gustav von Baden-Durlach OSB (24 December 1631 at Karlsburg Castle in Durlach – 26 December 1677 in Hammelburg) was a Major General in the Swedish army. After his conversion to Catholicism, he was Abbot of Fulda and Kempten Abbey and also cardinal.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Margrave Frederick V of Baden-Durlach and his second wife Eleonore of Solms-Laubach. He was the nephew and godson of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. He was baptized as Gustav Adolph and raised in the Lutheran faith.

As a Major General in the Swedish army, he fought against Poland during the Second Northern War. After traveling through France and Italy and a lengthy stay in Rome, he converted to Catholicism on 24 August 1660 in the Franciscan Hermolsheim monastery in Mutzig in the Lower Alsace. He took the name of Bernhard Gustav, in honor of the blessed Margrave Bernhard II.

In 1663, the joined the Venetian army and fought in the Turkish War. A year later, he fought in the battle of St. Gotthard. In 1665, he laid down his arms, entered the Benedictine Rheinau Abbey and received minor orders. In 1666, he was appointed coadjutor of the prince-bishop of Fulda. In 1668, he also became coadjutor of Kempten Abbey. In 1671, he became Prince-Bishop in Fulda and coadjutor in the Michaelsberg Abbey in Siegburg.

On 24 August 1671, Pope Clement X made him cardinal of Santa Susanna. In 1676, he participated in the conclave that elected Pope Innocent XI.

He died on 26 December 1677 in Hammelburg and was buried there.

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Bernhard Gustav of Baden-Durlach
Born: 24 December 1631 Died: 26 December 1677
Preceded by
Joachim of Gravenvegg
Prince Abbot of Fulda
1671-1677
Succeeded by
Placidus of Droste
Preceded by
Roman Giel of Gielsberg
Prince-Abbot of Kempten
1673-1677
Succeeded by
Rupert II of Bodman