Julia Burnelle Smade Babcock (born April 28, 1868, Union, Ohio; died Petit Jean, Arkansas, June 14, 1962) was an American author who wrote over 40 novels, as well as numerous essays and newspaper articles. After being widowed at age 29 with five children to support, she began working as a writer. Her first book, the pro-Prohibition The Daughter of the Republican (1900), sold over 100,000 copies in six months.
Babcock was society page editor of the Arkansas Democrat and later owned and edited The Arkansas Sketch Book, the first venture of its kind in the state. She wrote Mammy, a drama read at Chautauqua and on lyceum circuits. She is also the author of:
- Yesterday and To-Day in Arkansas (1917)
- The Coming of the King (1921)
- The Soul of Ann Rutledge, Abraham Lincoln's Romance (1919)
- The Soul of Abraham Lincoln (1923)
For her novels she was paid $300 to $500 each. In May 1927, she wrote, “no money in sight to pay bills due June One . . . Well — there’s nothing to do but keep trying. Who wants an easy job anyway.” The Great Depression found her almost destitute. In 1927 Babcock founded The Arkansas Museum of Natural History and Antiquities, financed with donations from friends, in Little Rock as a response to H. L. Mencken’s derision of Arkansas. She worked as a folklore editor for the Federal Writers' Project. In 1953, she retired to a home on Petit Jean Mountain, where she continued to write, publishing a volume of poetry, The Marble Woman, at age 91 in 1959. She died at her home on June 14, 1962; a neighbor found her with a manuscript still in her hand.
- "Bernie Babcock biography". The Arkansas News. Old State House Museum. Spring 1990. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- Camp, Marcia (2012-10-24), "Bernie Babcock (1868–1962) aka: Julia Burnelle Smade Babcock", Encyclopedia of Arkansas, retrieved April 2014
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
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