|MLA for Cape Breton The Lakes|
|Preceded by||John Newell|
|Succeeded by||Helen MacDonald|
|Minister of Finance|
1993 – June 27, 1996
|Preceded by||Greg Kerr|
|Succeeded by||Bill Gillis|
Boudreau was elected to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from Cape Breton The Lakes, and served as Minister of Finance. From 1996, he served as Minister of Health in the provincial Liberal government of John Savage. When Savage resigned in 1997, Boudreau ran to succeed him but was defeated at the party's leadership convention by Russell MacLellan, prompting Boudreau to leave provincial politics.
In October 1999, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien recommended Boudreau for appointment to the Senate of Canada, and to the Cabinet as Leader of the Government in the Senate, replacing Alasdair Graham who had been Nova Scotia's representative in the government since June 1997. It was also announced that Boudreau would be a candidate when the next federal election was held in order to help rebuild the federal Liberals in Nova Scotia, after the party lost all eleven seats in the 1997 federal election.
Prior to the 2000 election, Boudreau was appointed Minister of State for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. Boudreau resigned from the Senate in order to run in Dartmouth for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada. After a hotly contested campaign, he was defeated by incumbent New Democratic Party Member of Parliament Wendy Lill.
- "PM appoints Bernie Boudreau to Senate". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 4, 1999. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
- "PM recruits Boudreau for Senate". The Globe and Mail. October 5, 1999.
- "Bernie Boudreau takes over ACOA amid criticism". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 18, 2000. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
|26th Ministry – Cabinet of Jean Chrétien|
|Cabinet Posts (2)|
|Alasdair Graham||Leader of the Government in the Senate
|'||Minister of State (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency)